Ruling on eating from the university canteen if the plates are not washed seven times after having been licked by dogs

In our university we have a canteen..very often its seen that the plates left over after having food are licked by dogs..the canteen staff wash the plates..but not 7 times they wash as they routinely do..what is the ruling to have food there in those plates when u know that the [;ate may have been licked by dog and the washing not followed as prescribed in sharriah?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Firstly:

Muslims narrated in his Saheeh (279) that Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (sa) said: “The purification of the vessel of one of you, if a dog licks it, is to wash it seven times, the first time with dust.”

An-Nawawi (may Allah have mercy on him) said: This clearly supports the view of ash-Shaafa‘i (may Allah be pleased with him) and others who say that dogs are najis (impure), because purification is only needed in the case of impurity. Continue reading

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Ruling on touching the penis with the right hand

What is the ruling on touching the penis with the right hand in general?
What is the ruling on touching it in the washroom? 
What is the ruling on touching it during intercourse?.

Praise be to Allaah.

It is makrooh to touch the penis with the right hand when urinating, because of the hadeeth of Abu Qataadah (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: The Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “When one of you drinks, he should not breathe into the vessel, and when he relieves himself, he should not touch his penis with his right hand or wipe himself with his right hand.”

Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 194; Muslim, 393.

According to another report narrated by Muslim (392): “No one among you should touch his penis with his right hand when urinating.”  Continue reading

Ruling on blood that gets on the butcher at the time of slaughter

The butcher who slaughters the animals gets blood on his clothes when he slaughters them; is it permissible for him to pray in those clothes on which there are spots of blood?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Firstly:

“Blood poured forth” (6:145) is najis (impure) according to scholarly opinion. This has been discussed previously in the answer to question no. 114018. “Blood poured forth” is that which comes out of the animal at the time of slaughter.

As for the blood that is mixed with the meat or that remains in the veins, it is not called “blood poured forth”.  Continue reading

A new Muslim whose mother has a dog and she is asking about a number of rulings that have to do with tahaarah (purification)

Im a Muslim convert Alhamdulillah. My mother and my stepfather have a dog. My husband and I never eat anything they cook, neither do we drink water from their glasses. Also, if my mother wants to give us something we always ask her if she touched that thing with her wet hands, because we are afraid that the impurity may be transmited from her hands to that object.
Is it ok how we are acting or are we exaggerating? Are we allowed to eat from what she and her husband cook and use their vessels? Are we allowed to use their bathroom and wash our hands there and use their towels to get dry? Am I allowed to use a cloth that she wore before and she washed it in the washing machine or should I first clean that cloth using mud?
Also, if my mother and her husband come to visit us can they wash their hands in our bathroom, use our towels and eat and drink from our vessels, or would all these get contaminated by the impure saliva of their dog, after they touch them with their wet hands?

Praise be to Allaah.

Firstly:

The najaasah (impurity) of the dog means that it is impure in and of itself. This has been discussed previously in the answers to questions no. 13356 and 69840.

If a person touches a dog and his hand is wet or the dog is wet, then his hand has become impure and he has to purify whatever has been touched by it of garments, vessels and so on. For information on how to purify it from the impurity of the dog, see the answer to questions no. 41090 and 46314Continue reading

Mother’s milk is taahir (pure) according to scholarly consensus

Is woman’s breast milk pure or impure if it is on her clothes? Does this invalidate the wudhoo? and Can she offer salaat when she has ‘breast milk spots’ on her clothes?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Mother’s milk is taahir (pure) according to according to the consensus of the scholars, may Allah have mercy on them.

It says in Haashiyat al-Qalyoobi (may Allah have mercy on him), 1/81:

The milk of any animal whose flesh may be eaten is taahir (pure). Allah, may He be exalted, says (interpretation of the meaning): “pure milk; palatable to the drinkers” [an-Nahl 16:66]. The same applies to human milk, because it is not appropriate, due to its honoured status, that it should be of impure (najis) in origin and nature. End quote.  Continue reading

What is the ruling on praying in clothes that are perfumed with alcohol-based fragrances?

Does using perfumes that contain alcohol interfere with the validity of the prayer?.

Praise be to Allaah.

There is nothing wrong with using alcohol-based perfumes on the body and on clothes, and that does not affect the validity of the prayer. The scholars differed as to the nature of the impurity (najaasah) of alcohol: is it physical or metaphorical?

Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen (may Allah have mercy on him) said when he was asked about the impurity of alcohol and cologne:

The basic principle is that things are pure (taahir) unless there is evidence to indicate that they are impure (najis). When there is no evidence to indicate that something is impure, then the basic principle is that it is pure. But it is evil (khabeeth) in a practical and metaphorical sense. However, the fact that a thing is forbidden does not necessarily mean that it is impure. Do you not see that poison is haraam but it is not najis (impure)? Everything that is najis is haraam, but nor everything that is haraam is najis.  Continue reading

Is the vomit of a nursing infant who throws up on his mother naajis (impure)?

My son continually throws up on my shoulder or chest when I breastfeed him and carry him. It is too hard for me to wash the vomit off my clothes every time this happens. Is it permissible for me to leave it and pray in these clothes, or do I have to wash them every time?

Praise be to Allaah.

Ibn al-Qayyim said: Saliva and spittle are things that are widespread. The Lawgiver knew that small children vomit frequently and that they cannot wash their mouths, and that their saliva will drop on those who take care of them. So the Lawgiver does not command us to wash our clothes of that or say that we are not allowed to pray in those clothes; neither are we commanded to avoid the saliva of small children. A group of the fuqaha’ said, this is a kind of impurity which is overlooked because of the essential difficulty (of avoiding it), like the mud in the streets, and impurity after istijmaar (cleaning oneself after defecating), or the impurity found on the bottom of khufoof (leather slippers) and shoes after rubbing them on the ground (to clean them)… The child’s saliva is considered to purify his mouth (after vomiting), in order to avoid hardship, just as the saliva of the cat is considered to purify its mouth. The evidence for that is the report narrated by Abu Qutaadah (may Allaah be pleased with him), who said that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to tilt the vessel so that the cat could drink from it, then he would do wudoo’ with the water that was left. Continue reading

Is it necessary to wash the bedclothes when they get contaminated with sexual fluids?

Alhamdulillah I got married recently. I be with my wife in bed (I mean intimately). The bed spreads might contain some sexual fluids. My question is should we change it everytime that happens. We do change it now. But the problem is we are in a joint family (living with parents & brother) and its kind of awkward to keep changing it often and washing the dirty ones.
Should we change the dirty ones? What happens when one sits on that? Should he or she has to do ghusl or wudu to become clean again.

Praise be to Allaah.

If the fluid which is emitted is as a result of foreplay and what gets on the bedclothes is maniy (sperm) that is not mixed with any other secretions, then you do not have to wash the bedclothes because maniy is taahir (pure) according to the correct scholarly opinion.

But if what gets onto the bedclothes is madhiy (prostatic fluid) or some other secretion that comes from the private parts of the man or the woman, then you have to wash only the spot where this fluid got onto the bed, because these secretions are regarded as najis (impure).

With regard to doing ghusl, this is required in two cases:

1 – When intercourse takes place, which is when the entire glans (tip of the penis) enters the woman’s vagina, even if he does not ejaculate. In this case ghusl is required of both the man and the woman, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “When (the man) sits between the thighs and calves of a woman and the two circumcised parts touch, then ghusl is obligatory.” (Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 291; Muslim, 349). According to a report narrated by Muslim, “… even if he does not ejaculate.”

2 – When sperm is emitted without intercourse. If a man or woman reaches climax, then ghusl is obligatory. If the man reaches climax but the woman does not or vice versa, then ghusl is obligatory because of what has been emitted from them, because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“If you are in a state of Janaaba (i.e. after a sexual discharge), purify yourselves (bathe your whole body)”[al-Maa’idah 5:6]

Ghusl becomes obligatory when something is emitted or climax is reached, even if intercourse does not take place, and it becomes obligatory when intercourse takes place even if there is no ejaculation or climax, and it becomes obligatory when both take place together.

And Allaah is the Source of strength.

See Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah; Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, Kitaab Fataawa al-‘Ulama’ fi ‘Ushrat al-Nisa’, 36, 42; Fataawa Manaar al-Islam, 1/110. Continue reading

Some drops of urine come out of her after doing wudoo’

After looking at some questions and answers on this site about the emission of a few drops of urine on one’s clothes, I still want to ask about my prayer and my clothes when I am outside the house, such as when I am shopping or at work and I cannot wait until the drops dry up. This usually happens when I lift my feet up to wash them when doing wudoo’, and I cannot carry underwear with me wherever I go. Thank you very much.

Praise be to Allaah.

If you are certain that some drops of urine came out, then you have to repeat wudoo’ and wash whatever part of your clothes they got onto. If you are not sure of the place where the drops fell, then you can wash the area where you think it most likely that the drops fell, until you are sure that the najaasah has been removed.

It says in Zaad al-Mustaqni’: If the exact site of the najaasah is not certain, (the person) may wash it until he is certain that it has been removed.

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) said in his Sharh: i.e., if any kind of najaasah gets on anything, and the exact site is not known, the area where it is thought to be must be washed until one is certain that it has been removed. It should be noted that one of two scenarios must apply with regard to najaasah: the area touched by it will be either small or large. If it is a large area, he should check thoroughly, and he should wash the area where he thinks the najaasah touched it, because washing the entire area may be difficult. But if it is small he must wash it until he is certain that it has been removed. End quote from al-Sharh al-Mumti’ (1/435).

If you know that these drops come out when you lift up your feet to wash them in wudoo’, then you should not do that, rather you can wash them on the ground by pouring water over them. If you are not sure whether anything has come out of you or not, then you do not have to look and check, rather you have to ignore it, and your wudoo’ is valid and your garment is pure.

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) was asked: When I finish my wudoo’ and go to pray, I feel that a drop of urine comes out of my penis; what should I do?

He replied: What you should do is ignore that and pay no attention to it, as the imams have told us to do. Do not pay any attention to it and do not go and look to see whether anything came out of the penis or not. In sha Allah, if he seeks refuge with Allaah from the accursed shaytaan and ignores it, it will go away. But if he is definitely certain, as certain as seeing the sun, then he must wash the place where the najaasah is and repeat his wudoo’, because some people, when they feel some coolness in the tip of the penis, they think that something has come out. If he is sure then he must do what I have mentioned to you. What you mention is not incontinence, because this stops, whereas incontinence is continuous. But this is something that happens after moving, and one or two drops come out; it is not incontinence, because if a few drops come out and then stop. In this case, he should wash it and do wudoo’ again. He should always do that, and be patient and seek reward. End quote from Liqa’ al-Baab il-Maftooh (15/184).

You could also use a cloth to prevent the najaasah from reaching your clothing, and in that case you do not have to wash the garment, rather it is sufficient to remove the cloth.

And Allaah knows best. Continue reading

Does touching a dog make one’s hand naajis (impure)?

Is it haram or even undesireable for us to touch dogs? I have heard many Muslims say that dogs are dirty and Satan has spit on them. Also, that if we do touch a dog, we have to wash our hands several times. I haven’t been able to find anything concerning this in the Qur’an, Hadith, or Islamic books. Please help.

Praise be to Allaah.

The answer to this question is twofold:

1 – The ruling on keeping a dog.

It is haraam to keep a dog unless it is for the purposes for which Islam permits keeping dogs. Whoever keeps a dog – except a dog for hunting or farming – his reward will decrease each day by one or two qeeraats.

It was narrated that Ibn ‘Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: “I heard the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) say: ‘Whoever keeps a dog, except a dog that is trained for hunting or a dog for herding livestock, his reward will decrease each day by two qeeraats.’” (Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 5059; Muslim, 2941; according to another version narrated by them both, “one qeeraat”).

The word qeeraat refers to a large amount of reward; if a person’s reward decreases by one qeeraat, that means that he is sinning, for losing reward is like earning sin, both indicate that something is haraam because of the consequences it leads to.

The impurity of dogs is the greatest of animal impurities. The impurity of a dog can only be removed by washing seven times, one of which should be with earth. Even pigs, which the Qur’aan states are haraam and describes as an abomination (rijs) are not naajis (impure) to such an extent.

Dogs are impure and filthy, but unfortunately we find that some people are attracted to the ways of the kuffaar and their filthy habits, so they have started to keep dogs unnecessarily for no reason, keeping them, training them and cleaning them even though they can never be clean, even if they were washed with the waters of the ocean, because they are essentially impure.

Our advice to them is to repent to Allaah and to get the dogs out of their homes.

But in the case of dogs which are needed for hunting, farming and herding livestock, there is nothing wrong with that because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) gave permission for that. If you throw this dog out of your house, you will no longer be responsible for it, so do not keep it with you.

2 – The ruling on touching a dog

If you touch it when it is not wet, then your hand does not become impure, but if you touch it when it is wet, this means that the hand becomes impure, according to the opinion of many scholars, and the hand must be washed seven times, one of which should be with earth.

With regard to vessels, if a dog has licked a vessel (i.e., drunk from it), then the vessel must be washed seven times, one of which should be with earth, as was proven in al-Saheehayn and elsewhere, in the hadeeth narrated from Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) who said that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “If a dog licks the vessel of any one of you, let him wash it seven times, one of which should be with earth.” It is better if the washing with earth be the first washing. And Allaah knows best.

See Majmoo’ Fataawa al-Shaykh Muhammad ibn ‘Uthaymeen, 11/246; Fataawa Islamiyyah, 4/447. Continue reading