Ruling on blood that gets on the butcher at the time of slaughter

The butcher who slaughters the animals gets blood on his clothes when he slaughters them; is it permissible for him to pray in those clothes on which there are spots of blood?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Firstly:

“Blood poured forth” (6:145) is najis (impure) according to scholarly opinion. This has been discussed previously in the answer to question no. 114018. “Blood poured forth” is that which comes out of the animal at the time of slaughter.

As for the blood that is mixed with the meat or that remains in the veins, it is not called “blood poured forth”.  Continue reading

Her nifaas (postpartum bleeding) continued for nine months and she did not pray during that time

My friend continued to bleed following childbirth (nifaas) for nine months, and she did not pray during that time except rarely. What should she do now? 
If we say that the maximum length of nifaas is 60 days, then she still has six months of prayers to make up. How can she make them up?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Firstly:

We have previously discussed the difference of opinion among the scholars concerning the maximum length of nifaas; the most correct view is that it is forty days. See the answer to question no. 10488Continue reading

The true time of Fajr

What are the ways by which I can distinguish the true Fajr time?
I do my best in the morning to know the real time of Fajr, in order to know the right time to pray and start fasting. I do this for me and my friends. As I live in China. Muslims here depend on the internet to know the times of different prayers. But it is not accurate, and thus they pray Fajr before its actual time. Will I be considered sinful if I could not be very accurate in estimating the right time for praying (I consider it when the darkness disappears and light starts to show)?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Firstly:

We ask Allah to reward you with the best of rewards for your eagerness to learn the truth and do the right thing in your worship. We ask Allah, may He be exalted, to guide you and increase you by His grace in your love for knowledge and your keenness to learn. It should be noted that there are two dawns, the false dawn (al-fajr al-kaadhib), which does not signal the beginning of the time for Fajr prayer or the time when the one who wants to fast should refrain from food, drink and intercourse; and the true dawn (al-fajr al-saadiq), which is when the time for Fajr prayer begins and the time when the one who wants to fast should refrain from food, drink and intercourse. This is what is referred to in the verse in which Allah, may He be exalted, says (interpretation of the meaning): “and eat and drink until the white thread (light) of dawn appears to you distinct from the black thread (darkness of night)” [al-Baqarah 2:187].  Continue reading

He has a partnership in a commercial venture on the basis that every time they buy a dozen with his money, he will have ten riyals

I wanted to go into partnership with my brother and his partners in a large commercial venture that imports ready-made clothing. They said to me: Give us what you have, which was 200,000 riyals, and we will buy some goods with it. If the source is outside the Kingdom, for every dozen that comes in you will have ten riyals, and if the source of the goods is within the Saudi market, you will have two riyals for every dozen. I do not have any further income after the goods reach the store, whether they are sold or not, and the total profits will be known after working out the total number of all the dozens that came into the store by means of the invoices that show that. Is this transaction valid or not?.

Praise be to Allaah.

This transaction is not valid, for two reasons:

1.

It is not permissible to allocate to the partner a specific amount of money; rather he should have a percentage of the profit, such as 5% or 10% and so on.

With regard to defining the profit as a set amount of money, that renders the partnership contract invalid.

Ibn Qudaamah (may Allah have mercy on him) said: If the share of one of the partners is set at a certain number of dirhams, or a certain number of dirhams is allocated along with his share, such as if he stipulates that he will get a percentage and ten dirhams, the partnership is invalid.

Ibn al-Mundhir said: All of the scholars from whom we acquired knowledge are unanimously agreed that mudaarabah loans are invalid if one of them or both of them stipulate that they will have a certain number of dirhams. Among those from whom we learned that were Maalik, al-Awzaa‘i, al-Shaafa‘i, Abu Thawr and ashaab al-ra’y. End quote from al-Mughni, 5/23.  Continue reading

Using credit cards is haraam even if you pay up within the time limit

I heard that using credit cards is haraam, but if I am sure that I am going to pay the bank within the time limit, so the bank will not charge any interest, is this also regarded as haraam?.

Praise be to Allaah.

What you have heard about credit cards being haraam is correct. That has already been discussed in question no. (13735)

Using them is haraam even if the user is certain that he will pay the bank within the time limit.

It has already been explained in the answer to the question mentioned that they are haraam because the bank lends money to the user in return for interest, and this interest is the price of the annual subscription to the credit card, as well as other interest charges which are to be paid to the bank if the user is late in paying.  Continue reading

She completes her evening work before the time ends can she record the time in full?

I work as an educational supervisor i.e., I make field visits to schools. I work in the evenings in return for a quarter of the salary, visiting night schools and following up with the teachers etc, for approximately 39 hours each month. I have my own driver, supplied by the Ministry, and he gets a quarter of the salary too. The problem is that very often I am able to complete my work in less than 39 hours. i.e., 30 hours sometimes. Are my driver and I entitled to receive the quarter salary in full? If the answer is no, then what is the driver’s fault? Should it be deducted from him too? What is the ruling on the salary I receive for less than 39 hours work? Please note that there are some of my colleagues who sometimes go and spend the time chatting about things that have nothing to do with work, just to pass the time, then they go home. I am a mother and I have other responsibilities, and the only reason why I want to record the time in full is that the driver’s salary is very low and if they deduct it from him he will not have anything left. I hope that you can answer and will not ignore my question. May Allaah reward you with the best of rewards.

Praise be to Allaah.

So long as the contract specifies your hours and you are required to record this time, then you have to fulfil that and you record the actual time that you spent. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The Muslims are bound by their conditions.” Narrated by al-Tirmidhi (1352) and Abu Dawood (3594); classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi.  Continue reading

Reading Qur’aan during work time

I am an employee and at work I read Qur’aan when I have nothing else to do. But my boss has forbidden me to do that, saying that this is work time and is not for reading Qur’aan. What is the ruling on that? May Allaah reward you with good.

Praise be to Allaah.

If you do not have any work, there is nothing wrong with reading Qur’aan, or reciting Tasbeeh (saying Subhaan Allaah) or Tahleel (saying Laa ilaaha ill-Allaah) or other dhikr. That is better than remaining silent. But if your reading is keeping you from doing something that has to do with your work, then it is not permissible for you to do that, because during the time that is specifically for work, it is not permissible for you to keep busy with something that will prevent you from doing your work. Continue reading

Should a boss agree to give permission to an employee who is cheating on the company’s time?

Some employees leave work to deal with some other personal interests that have nothing to do with the job. They ask their boss for permission to leave, and they make up excuses which may or may not be convincing. If the boss knows that these excuses are not true, is he sinning if he agrees to give the employee permission to leave?

Praise be to Allaah.

It is not permissible for the boss or manager of the department, or whoever is acting in their stead, to agree to anything that he thinks is not right. He has to check on the matter. If there is any need for this request due to an urgent need and if giving permission will not affect the work, then it is OK. But if he knows that an excuse is false or he thinks it is most likely to be false, then he should not give permission and should not agree to it, because that is a betrayal of trust and a lack of sincerity towards the one who put him in this position of trust and towards the Muslims. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“Verily, Allaah commands that you should render back the trusts to those, to whom they are due” [al-Nisaa’ 4:85] Continue reading

She loves Islamic nasheeds and they take up a lot of her time

I used to be one of those who listen to songs all the time, to such an extent that I memorized them, but praise be to Allaah, for nine years I have not listened to them. But there is another problem; I started to love Islamic nasheeds very much and they take up a considerable amount of my time. Is there any sin in that?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Firstly:

Songs which are accompanied by musical instruments or which contain words of love or provoke desire, are undoubtedly haraam, because of a great deal of evidence to that effect, which you will find in the answers to questions no. 5000 and 20406.

So we praise Allaah for having enabled you to give up listening to songs and turned your heart away from them.  Continue reading

Extending the time limit for standing in ‘Arafah until dawn on the Day of Sacrifice

I live in Saudi and by Allah’s leave I will go for Hajj this year, but because of my work I will get on the plane on the day of ‘Arafah at 10 a.m. Will this be a valid Hajj if I go on the day of ‘Arafah and do not do the rituals before the day of ‘Arafah? If the plane is late and I get to Jabal ‘Arafah after sunset, will I have missed out on Hajj? Please note that this is the first time I am doing Hajj. Where do I have to be in ‘Arafah in order for my Hajj to be valid?.

Praise be to Allaah.

There is nothing wrong with you entering ihram for Hajj on the ninth day of Dhu’l-Hijjah and going directly to ‘Arafah. Your Hajj will be valid if you enter it between Zuhr and dawn of the tenth day. All of that is the time for standing in ‘Arafah, because of the report narrated by al-Tirmidhi (891), al-Nasaa’i (3039), Abu Dawood (1950) and Ibn Maajah (3016) from ‘Urwah ibn Mudarris al-Taa’i, who said: I came to the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) in Muzdalifah when he went out to pray [i.e., Fajr prayer]. I said: O Messenger of Allah, I have come from the two mountains of Tayyiy; I have exhausted my camel [because of the long journey] and I have worn myself out. By Allaah there is no sand hill on which I did not stand. Can I still do Hajj? The Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “Whoever attended this prayer of ours and stood with us until we moved on, and stood in ‘Arafah before that, by night or day, has completed his Hajj and completed his rituals.” Al-Tirmidhi said: This is a hasan saheeh hadeeth.  Continue reading