Does everyone who goes against the Sunnah fall into bid‘ah (innovation)? Notes on the meaning of following

I have read many fatwa’s about innovation and my question is. If the prophet (peace be upon him) practiced something. Do we have to practise EXACTLY as he did it? If we dont do it EXACTLY then is it innovation? Because i’ve read a lot of the fatwa’s and in a lot of it many of the practices are considered BIDAH. For example the Prophet (Peace be Upon him) did emphasize on the virtue of Dua in congrenation. Now if its practised after fardh salaah why is it an innovation? Is the sunnah of the prophet subject to exactly the way he did, the time he did etc etc. If we do it at a different time is it innovation? say for example if its sunnah to read Surah Kahf on friday. Now if I read surah kahf every monday and tuesday, will it be considered a bidah? Im still making Ibadah. Why is it subject to TIME?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Firstly:

No doubt it is obligatory for the Muslim to be a follower of his Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) in what he prescribed and it is not permissible for him to go against that or to introduce any innovation into the religion, because of the evidence that indicates that it is obligatory to follow and it is forbidden to introduce innovation. But it should be noted that differing from the way of the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) and falling into bid‘ah may mean one of two things:

(i)

introducing an act of worship for which there is no basis in Islam, such as touching graves and seeking help from their occupants. The scholars call this real innovation (al-bid‘ah al-haqeeqah). This is that which was not prescribed at all. Continue reading

Ruling on wearing clothing that has small or hidden images on it

As you know, most clothes nowadays have images of animate beings, whether the image is on the outside of the garment or is on a piece that is hidden inside. Is it permissible to wear these clothes? 
What if it is children’s clothing? What if these images are very small and can hardly be noticed? 
For example, I have a suit on which there is the image of two men shaking hands on the inside of the coat collar and no one can see it. Is it permissible to wear it?
In most cases these images are part of the company’s logo and are not visible except if a person looks hard, because they are in a light colour. I hope that you will explain the ruling.

Praise be to Allaah.

It is not permissible to draw or make images of animate beings, whether they are humans, animals or birds, and whether that is engraved or on paper, fabric or anything else. That is because of the report narrated by al-Bukhaari (2105) and Muslim (2107) from ‘Aa’ishah the Mother of the Believers (may Allah be pleased with her), who said that she bought a cushion on which there were images. When the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) saw it, he stood at the door and did not enter. She said: I recognized displeasure in his face. I said: O Messenger of Allaah, I repent to Allaah and His Messenger, what have I done wrong? The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “What is this pillow?” She said: I bought it for you to sit on and recline on. The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The makers of these images will be punished and it will be said to them, ‘Bring to life that which you have created.’” Then he said: “The house in which there are images is not entered by the angels.” Continue reading

Celebrating the night of the Isra’ and Mi’raaj

What is the ruling on Celebrating the night of the Isra’ and Mi’raaj, which is the twenty-seventh night of Rajab?.

Praise be to Allaah.

There is no doubt that the Isra’ and Mi’raaj (the Prophet’s Night Journey and Ascent into heaven) are two great signs of Allaah which point to the truthfulness of the His Messenger Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), and the greatness of his status before Allaah. They are also signs of the great power of Allaah, and of His exalted position above His creation. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“Glorified (and Exalted) be He (Allaah) [above all that (evil) they associate with Him]

Who took His slave (Muhammad) for a journey by night from Al‑Masjid Al‑Haraam (at Makkah) to Al‑Masjid Al‑Aqsa (in Jerusalem), the neighbourhood whereof We have blessed, in order that We might show him (Muhammad) of Our Ayaat (proofs, evidences, lessons, signs, etc.). Verily, He is the All‑Hearer, the All‑Seer”

[al-Isra’ 17:1] Continue reading

Ruling on making a game engine and open source which will be used to make both permissible and haraam games

I want to work on an open source & free game engine will I get azab-e-jariah if people use it to create games involving things which are prohibited. Since its licensed under GPL I cannot control what people want to do with it. If yes then what if the features I code arent directly involved with creation of these (prohibited) things like image compostior, water refraction scripts etc. instead of modelling and animation tools.

Praise be to Allaah.

If this engine and open source will mostly be used to make permissible games, then it is permissible to make it.

If it will mostly be used for haraam things, it is not permissible.

This general principle applies to manufacturing and producing anything that may be used for either halaal or haraam purposes, when it is not known what each user will use it for. Attention should be paid to the way in which it is mostly used by people, because when it is not possible to know about each user, it is sufficient to know what is usually the case. If what is usually the case is that it is used for haraam purposes, it is not permissible to help with it, because of the prohibition on helping others in sin and transgression.

It says in Fataawa al-Lajnah ad-Daa’imah (13/109): Everything that will be used in a haraam manner or it is thought most likely that it will be used in that manner, it is haraam to manufacture it or import it or sell it or distribute it among the Muslims. End quote.

For more information please see question no. 2898, 98769 and 71170

And Allah knows best. Continue reading

Ruling on eating from the university canteen if the plates are not washed seven times after having been licked by dogs

In our university we have a canteen..very often its seen that the plates left over after having food are licked by dogs..the canteen staff wash the plates..but not 7 times they wash as they routinely do..what is the ruling to have food there in those plates when u know that the [;ate may have been licked by dog and the washing not followed as prescribed in sharriah?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Firstly:

Muslims narrated in his Saheeh (279) that Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (sa) said: “The purification of the vessel of one of you, if a dog licks it, is to wash it seven times, the first time with dust.”

An-Nawawi (may Allah have mercy on him) said: This clearly supports the view of ash-Shaafa‘i (may Allah be pleased with him) and others who say that dogs are najis (impure), because purification is only needed in the case of impurity. Continue reading

She became Muslim after having an illegitimate pregnancy aborted; will Allah forgive her and will she meet her child in Paradise?

A sister embraced islam after being raised as an athiest. at age 17 during her state of jahiliyya, she had an abortion and terminated her pregnancy, due to abuse and pressure on the part of her former partner. The termination took place approx 49weeks into pregnancy.
InshaaAllah, the sister has been forgiven by Allah SWT for this because she was not aware of Islam and had not been guided at this time.
The sister deeply regrets and feels saddened by this. She would like to know,from an islamic perspective what happened to that foetus, if it was considered a life at that stage or not, and on yeomal qiyyamah will there be any consequence for that action, any scenario which will occur. and if the sister is granted jannah, and we ask Allah to grant us all this honour, will she ever have a chance to have this child or will this be something which has been erased by Allah in this life and in the hereafter?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Firstly:

Zina (fornication or adultery) is forbidden and is a crime according to all divinely revealed laws. It is abhorrent and is rejected by anyone with sound reasoning, even if he is not Muslim. Allah, may He be glorified and exalted, has criticised the one who does it in many verses and in many Prophetic hadeeths, and He has warned the one who does it of severe punishment in this world and in the Hereafter. For more information please see the answer to question no. 97884  Continue reading

Is it permissible to sell autographs of famous people?

Is it halal to sell an autograph of a famous athlete?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Firstly:

In order for a sale to be valid, the fuqaha’ have stipulated that the sold item should be something beneficial. It something is of no benefit, it is not valid to sell it, because it has no value, as there is no benefit in it; his taking money for it comes under the heading of consuming wealth unlawfully.

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allah have mercy on him) said:

Selling that in which there is no benefit is not permissible.

End quote from Majmoo‘ al-Fataawa, 31/224

Ibn Qudaamah (may Allah have mercy on him) said in al-Mughni (4/174):

It is not permissible to sell that in which there is no benefit. End quote.

It says in al-Mawsoo‘ah al-Fiqhiyyah (29/148):

The fuqaha’ are of the view that it is permissible to sell birds whose flesh may be eaten, such as pigeons, small birds and so on, because there is some benefit in it. As for selling birds that are not eaten or used for hunting, such as Egyptian vultures, kites, ostriches and crows, that are not eaten, it is not permissible to sell them, because there is no benefit in them and they are of no value, so taking money for them comes under the heading of consuming wealth unlawfully and spending money on them is foolishness. End quote.

An-Nawawi (may Allah have mercy on him) said: Our companions said: It is permissible to sell books of hadeeth, fiqh, Arabic language, literature, permissible poetry that is of benefit, books of medicine and mathematics and so on, in which there is some permissible benefit. Our companions said: and it is not permissible to sell books of kufr because there is no permissible benefit in them; rather they must be destroyed. The same applies to books of astronomy, magic, philosophy and other kinds of forbidden and false knowledge, and selling them is invalid because there is no permissible benefit in them. End quote from al-Majmoo‘, 9/304

What is meant by value that is connected to the benefit is the monetary value of the sold item.  Continue reading

The reason for doing wudoo’ after eating camel meat

What is the reason for doing wudoo’ after eating camel meat?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Firstly:

It is proven that the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) enjoined doing wudoo’ after eating camel meat, but he did not explain the reason why. We know that Allah, may He be glorified, is Most Wise and All Knowing, and He does not prescribe anything for His slaves except that which is good and is in their best interests in this world and the Hereafter, and He does not forbid to them anything but that which is harmful for them in this world and the Hereafter.

What the Muslim should do is accept the commands of Allah, may He be glorified, and His Messenger (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) and act upon them, even if he does not know the exact reason behind them. Similarly, he has to refrain from that which Allah and His Messenger have forbidden, even if he does not know the exact reason behind it, because he is a slave who is commanded to obey Allah and His Messenger (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him). He was created to do that, so he has to obey and submit, whilst believing that Allah is Most Wise and All-Knowing. If he finds out the reason behind it, then that is good upon good.

End quote from Majmoo‘ Fataawa ash-Shaykh Ibn Baaz (10/157) Continue reading

Ruling on working as a security guard for a building in which there is an insurance company

I work as a security in the city of London.The building that i work it belongs to a landlord, therefore this landlord rents the space of this building to any company that is wishing to rent the place.the landlord as an owner provides a management team for this building to run the building, and this includes electricians, maintenance, security and other people that are needed to run this building. Because of the area located most of the companies that rent the space of this building are insurance companies. is it allowed to work as a security guard for this building considering that the rent is being paid by the insurance companies, and my wages are being provided by this rent which is paid from the insurance companies even though i do not deal directly with the insurance companies?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Working in commercial insurance companies is haraam, even if the work is as a security guard, because that comes under the heading of cooperating in sin and transgression. Allah, may He be exalted, says (interpretation of the meaning):

“Help you one another in Al‑Birr and At‑Taqwa (virtue, righteousness and piety); but do not help one another in sin and transgression. And fear Allaah. Verily, Allaah is Severe in punishment”

[al-Maa’idah 5:2].

See also the answer to question no. 40336

With regard to working as a security guard for a building or marketplace in which there is an insurance company, what appears to be the case is that it is permissible, because the insurance company in this case is only part of the building, and the basic principle is that there may be overlooked with regard to that which is part of something that which may not be overlooked otherwise.

So it does not matter that part of your salary may come from the money that the building owner gets from the insurance company, because your salary is in return for your work, which is permissible, as stated above.

And Allah knows best. Continue reading