Performing Another ‘Umrah While in Makkah

I wish to go for Umrah, with my siblings, very soon. We will be flying from UK, wearing Ihram before miqaat near Judah airport. After doing our Umrah, if we wish to do Umrah for one or both of our deceased parents (one son does for one parent and the other for the second parent), which miqaat will go to, to do our intention for Umrah on behalf of our parents? Do we also have to change our Ihrams for repeating the Umrah for parents?.

Praise be to Allaah.

First:

Repetition of ‘Umrah for the Muslim in one journey, either for himself or on behalf of someone else, is not from the Sunnah of the Prophet (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) nor his Companions (may Allah be pleased with them) nor was it from the guidance of the pious predecessors. The basic principle is that for each ‘Umrah there is a separate journey.

Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allah have mercy on him) said in Zaad al Ma’aad (2/ 89-90):

“None of his (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) ‘Umrahs were performed by leaving Makkah as many people do today. Rather, all his ‘Umrahs were done while entering Makkah. He remained in Makkah for thirteen years after the revelation was first sent down and it has not been reported that he did ‘Umrah by leaving Makkah during that time.

The ‘Umrah which the Messenger of Allah (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) performed and prescribed was the ‘Umrah for one entering Makkah, not the the ‘Umrah of one who is already in Makkah, then leaves the “sanctuary” to return for an ‘Umrah. In his time, only A’ishah did this and it was due to a specific situation; that is, she had the intention of performing ‘Umrah, but her menses occurred. The Messenger of Allah ordered her to do the Hajj with ‘Umrah, and thus she performed Hajj Qiran (a type of Hajj where Hajj and ‘Umrah are done with one ihram). Continue reading

How many times did the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) perform ‘Umrah?

How many times did the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) perform ‘Umrah?

Praise be to Allaah.

It was narrated from Qutaadah that Anas (may Allaah be pleased with him) told him that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) performed ‘Umrah four times, all of them in Dhu’l-Qi’dah apart from the ‘Umrah which he performed with his Hajj: (he did) ‘Umrah from al-Hudaybiyah or at the time of al-Hudaybiyah in Dhu’l-Qi’dah; (he did) ‘Umrah the following year in Dhu’l-Qi’dah; and (he did) ‘Umrah from Ja’raanah when he shared out the booty of Hunayn in Dhu’l-Qi’dah.

Narrated by al-Bukhaari, al-Hajj, 1654; Muslim, al-Hajj, 1253  Continue reading

What must be done by one who spoils ‘Umrah by having intercourse

I live in Saudi and my wife came from outside Saudi. We met in Jeddah when we were in ihram for ‘Umrah only, and we went to Makkah. In the hotel intercourse took place before ‘Umrah, then we went to at-Tan‘eem and entered ihram, and we did a new ‘Umrah. What is the ruling?.

Praise be to Allaah.

It is not permissible for one who is in ihram for Hajj or ‘Umrah to have intercourse until he or she has exited ihram. If a person has intercourse during ‘Umrah, before completing saa‘i, the ‘Umrah is invalidated, but he has to carry on and complete it, then make it up by entering ihram from the place he entered it the first time, as well as sacrificing a sheep on behalf of each of you, to be slaughtered in Makkah and its meat distributed to the poor (of that city).

With regard to intercourse after saa‘i and before shaving the head or cutting the hair, it does not invalidate ‘Umrah, but fidyah (ransom or expiation) must be offered for that, with a choice (between offering a sacrifice, fasting for three days or feeding six poor persons).  Continue reading

A woman got her menses after doing tawaaf of ‘Umrah

What is the ruling if a woman gets her menses after finishing the tawaaf of ‘Umrah?.

Praise be to Allaah.

If she gets her menses after doing tawaaf, she should carry on with her ‘Umrah and it does not matter, because for what comes after tawaaf it is not essential to be in a state of purity from having broken one’s wudoo’ or be free of menses. End quote. Continue reading

If he did ‘Umrah so that he could do Hajj tamattu‘, and he did ‘Umrah several times before Hajj, does he have to offer more than one sacrifice?

With regard to a pilgrim who is doing tamattu‘ and has completed his ‘Umrah, and is waiting for Yawm al-Tarwiyah (8th Dhu’l-Hijjah) so that he can enter ihram for Hajj, is it permissible for him to do ‘Umrah again? We have with us a person who claims that this is permissible for the one who has exited ihram, so long as he is waiting for Hajj. If that is permissible, does he have to offer a hadiy (sacrifice) for ‘each ‘Umrah, based on the verse in which Allah says (interpretation of the meaning): “whosoever performs the Umrah in the months of Hajj, before (performing) the Hajj, (i.e. Hajj-at-Tamattu and Al-Qiran), he must slaughter a Hady such as he can afford” [al-Baqarah 2:196]?.

Praise be to Allaah.

It is permissible for the pilgrim doing tamattu‘, who has completed his ‘Umrah and is staying in Makkah waiting for Hajj, to do ‘Umrah during this period, especially if he leaves Makkah to go to Madeenah and the like, then comes back to Makkah. And that does not mean that he has to offer more than one sacrifice, because what is meant in the verse is that the one who does Hajj tamattu‘ has to offer a sacrifice. Even if he does ‘Umrah repeatedly, he is not going to do Hajj more than once, so he does not have to offer any more than one sacrifice.  Continue reading

Stipulating a condition [about exiting ihram] in Hajj and ‘Umrah for one who is afraid that her menses may come

A woman wants to do ‘Umrah but there is the possibility that her period may come after she enters ihram and before she does tawaaf. Can she stipulate a condition [about exiting ihram] because she is afraid that she may hold her family up?.

Praise be to Allaah.

If a woman wants to do ‘Umrah but is afraid her menses may come before she completes it, she may stipulate a condition [about exiting ihram], then if she gets her menses she can exit ihram and will not have to do anything.

The basic principle about it being permissible to stipulate such a condition is the report narrated by al-Bukhaari (5089) and Muslim (1207) from ‘Aa’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) who said: The Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) entered upon Dubaa‘ah bint az-Zubayr and said to her: “Perhaps you want to do Hajj?” She said: By Allah, I am always in pain. He said to her: “Go for Hajj but stipulate a condition and say: O Allaah, I will exit ihram from the point where You have prevented me (from continuing, if some problem should arise).”  Continue reading

It is not prescribed to utter the intention for Hajj or for ‘Umrah

If the pilgrim says “Labbayka ‘umratan (here I am for ‘Umrah)” or “Laybbayka hajjan (Here I am for Hajj)”, is that regarded as uttering the intention?.

Praise be to Allaah.

If a person says “Labbayka ‘umratan (Here I am for ‘Umrah)” or “Laybbayka hajjan (Here I am for Hajj)”, that does not come under the heading of forming the intention, because he formed the intention before that. Hence it is not prescribed to say, “O Allah, I am going to do ‘Umrah” or “O Allah, I am going to do Hajj.” Rather you should form the retention in your heart and recite the Tabiyah out loud. With regard to uttering the intention for actions other than Hajj or ‘Umrah, this is something which it is well known is not prescribed. It is not Sunnah for a person to say, when he wants to do wudoo’, “O Allah, I am going to do wudoo’” or “O Allah, I intend to do wudoo’”, or when he wants to pray to say “O Allah, I am going to pray” or “O Allah, I intend to pray.” None of that is prescribed. And the best guidance is the guidance of Muhammad (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him). End quote.  Continue reading

Is it better for men and women who come to do ‘umrah to pray Taraweeh in Makkah and Madinah in the hotel or in the Haram?

I know that it is mustahabb to offer Sunnah prayers (such as tahajjud) at home, but if we are visiting Makkah or Madinah and are staying in the hotel, is the ruling different? I mean, is it better to offer Sunnah prayers in the hotel room or in the Haram? With regard to women, for whom it is regarded as being preferable to offer obligatory prayers at home – when my family travels with me to Makkah and Madinah, is it better for them to offer the obligatory prayers in the hotel or in the Haram? Are we regarded as travelling, as we are staying in the hotel?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Firstly:

The scholars differed as to what is preferable in the case of Taraweeh prayer: Is it better to offer it in the mosque in congregation or to offer it at home individually? There are three opinions concerning that:

1.

That offering it in congregation in the mosque is preferable. This is the opinion of the earlier Hanafis, Ahmad ibn Hanbal and the majority of his companions.

We have quoted the evidence presented by those who hold this view, in the answer to question no. 45781, where we stated that we regard it as more likely to be correct.

2.

That praying it individually at home is preferable. This is the view of Maalik and al-Shaafa‘i and most of their companions. Maalik (may Allah have mercy on him) quoted as evidence the action of the seniors among his shaykhs and the senior Sahaabah.

Al-Shaafa‘i (may Allah have mercy on him) quoted as evidence the hadeeth of Zayd ibn Thaabit (may Allah be pleased with him), according to which the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) made a booth out of a reed mat in Ramadan and prayed in it at night, and some men among his Companions followed him in prayer. When he realized that they were doing that, he started praying seated (so that people could not see him and follow him in prayer). Then he came out to them and said: “I know what you did. O people, pray in your houses, for the best of a man’s prayer is in his house, apart from the obligatory prayers.” Continue reading

A family wants to go on vacation and then do ‘Umrah – can they be given zakaah?

There is a family of average means who want to go on a summer vacation to al-Taa’if and then go to Makkah to perform ‘Umrah, but they do not have enough money for this trip. What is the ruling on giving them zakaah? Why? If it is permissible, then how much may they be given?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Allaah has explained the categories to whom zakaah may be given, as He says (interpretation of the meaning):

“As-Sadaqaat (here it means Zakaah) are only for the Fuqaraa’ (poor), and Al‑Masaakeen (the poor) and those employed to collect (the funds); and to attract the hearts of those who have been inclined (towards Islam); and to free the captives; and for those in debt; and for Allaah’s Cause (i.e. for Mujaahidoon — those fighting in a holy battle), and for the wayfarer (a traveller who is cut off from everything); a duty imposed by Allaah. And Allaah is All-Knower, All-Wise”

[al-Tawbah 9:60]  Continue reading

Can the pilgrim in ihram rest in the hotel before doing ‘Umrah?

I live in Jordan and I intend to go for ‘Umrah, in sha Allah. I am going to enter ihram from the miqat and go to Makkah.
My question is: when do I have to enter the Haram and perform the rituals of ‘Umrah? Should I do that straightaway, or can I go to the hotel and take a shower and sleep and rest after travelling, then go to the Haram and perform ‘Umrah, because it is a long and exhausting journey, and I want to perform the rituals of ‘Umrah when I have more energy. Please note that I am going to adhere to the conditions of ihram, including not wearing tailored clothing or perfume and so on.

Praise be to Allaah.

The Sunnah for the one who goes to Makkah for Hajj or ‘Umrah is to start first of all with al-Masjid al-Haraam and do tawaaf (circumambulate the Ka‘bah) before he goes to any other place. That is because of the report narrated by al-Bukhaari (1642) and Muslim (1235) from ‘Aa’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) who said: “The first thing he (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) did when he came to Makkah was to do wudoo’ then circumambulate the House.”

Al-Nawawi (may Allah have mercy on him) said: The hadeeth of ‘Aa’ishah was narrated by al-Bukhaari and Muslim. Our companions said: As soon as he enters Makkah, he should not try to find a place to stay or change his garments or do anything else except tawaaf. Rather some of the group should stay with their luggage and mounts so that the others can perform tawaaf, then they should come back to their mounts and luggage and find accommodation. End quote from al-Majmoo‘, 8/15.  Continue reading