Format of takbeer on the two Eids

In Eid prayer for Eid al-Adha, I hear people repeat Takbeer (saying “Allah Akbar” in Arabic) the following phrases:
Allaahu akbar, Allaahu akbar, Allaahu akbar, laa ilaaha ill-Allaah, Allaahu akbar, Allaahu akbar, Allaahu akbar, wa Lillaahi’l-hamd. Allaah akbar kabeera, walhamdulillaah katheera, wasubhan Allaahi bukratan waaseela, Laa ilaaha ill-Allaah wahdahu fulfilled his promise wa nasara ‘abdah wa a’az jundah wa hazama al-ahzaaba wahdah Laa ilaaha ill-Allaah wa la na’budu ila Iyah mukhliseena lahu’l-deena wa law kariha’l-kaafiroon). They repeat this after each prayer (from the daily 5 prayers), is that true? If wrong, what is the correct phrases to be repeated instead?.

Praise be to Allaah.

With regard to the format of takbeer: “Allaahu akbar, Allaahu akbar, Allahu akbar laa ilaaha ill-Allaah, wa Allaahu akbar, Allaah akbar, wa Lillaah il-hamd (Allaah is Most Great, Allaah is most Great, Allah is most Great there is no god but Allaah, Allaah is Most great, Allaah is most great, and to Allaah be praise),” this is proven from Ibn Mas‘ood (may Allah be pleased with him) and others of the early generation, whether the first takbeer is said twice or three times.

See al-Musannaf by Abu Shaybah, 2/165-168; Irwa’ al-Ghaleel, 3/125

With regard to the format of takbeer, “Allaahu akbaru kabeera wa alhamdu Lillaahi katheera wa subhaan Allaahi bukratan wa aseela… (There is no god but Allaah, Allaah is most Great, Allaah is most Great, much praise be to Allaah and glory be to Allaah at the beginning and end of the day…),” Imam al-Shaafa‘i (may Allah have mercy on him) said:

If he adds to that and says: “Allaahu akbaru kabeera wa alhamdu Lillaahi katheera wa subhaan Allaahi bukratan wa aseela, Allahu akbar wa la na‘budu illa Allah mukhliseena lahu al-deena wa law kariha al-kaafiroon, la ilaaha ill-Allah wahdah, sadaqa wa‘dah wa nasara ‘abdah wa hazama al-ahzaaba wahdah, laa ilaaha ill-Allah wa Allahu akbar (Allaah is most Great, much praise be to Allaah and glory be to Allaah at the beginning and end of the day. Allah is most Great and we worship none but Allah, and we make our worship purely for Him (alone) however much the disbelievers may hate that. There is no god but Allah alone; He fulfilled His promise and granted victory to His slave and defeated the Confederates alone. There is no God but Allah and Allah is most Great),” then he has done well. End quote.  Continue reading

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He says takbeer for Taraweeh sitting, then he gets up during the recitation

In the blessed month of Ramadan I go to pray ‘Isha’ and Taraweeh with one of the famous reciters, who recites for a long time in Taraweeh prayers. Between each two rak‘ahs I sit down for a while to rest.
My question is: is it permissible for me to say the opening takbeer (takbeerat al-ihraam) with the imam when I am sitting in the row, so that I will not miss the opening takbeer with the imam, and after he has recited some Qur’aan to stand up?.

Praise be to Allaah.

It is permissible to sit in a naafil prayer with no excuse according to scholarly consensus, but in that case the reward of one who sits will be half that of one who stands, because of the report narrated by Muslim (1214) from ‘Abd-Allah ibn ‘Amr who said: I was told that the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “A man’s prayer sitting is half a prayer.”

He said: I came to him and found him praying sitting down. I put my hand on his head and he said: “What is the matter with you, O ‘Abd-Allah ibn ‘Amr?”

I said: O Messenger of Allah, I was told that you said: “A man’s prayer sitting is half a prayer,” but you are praying sitting down? He said: “Yes, but I am not like one of you.”

If he prays sitting down because of an excuse, he will have the reward of one who prays standing.  Continue reading

Should he end tawaaf with takbeer at the Black Stone?

Does tawaaf end with takbeer at the Black Stone as it begins, or not?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Tawaaf or circumambulation of the Ka’bah is a pure act of worship and the basic principle with regard to acts of worship is tawqeef (i.e., to do them exactly as prescribed in the Qur’aan and Sunnah). It is proven from the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) that he used to say takbeer in his tawaaf every time he came in line with the Black Stone, and undoubtedly the person who is doing tawaaf comes in line with it at the end of the seventh circuit, so it is Sunnah for him to say takbeer just as it is Sunnah for him to say takbeer at the beginning of every circuit when he comes in line with it, following the example of the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him), along with pointing at the Black Stone and kissing it if he can.

And Allah is the source of strength. May Allaah send blessings and peace upon our Prophet Muhammad and his family and companions. End quote.  Continue reading

Saying Takbeer at the end of Tawaaf

Should Tawaaf be concluded with Takbeer at the Black Stone, just as it starts?

Praise be to Allaah.

Tawaaf around the Ka’bah is one of the pure rituals of worship, and the basic principle concerning rituals of worship is that they should be done as prescribed in the Qur’aan and Sunnah. It was narrated that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to say Takbeer in Tawaaf every time he came in line with the Black Stone. Undoubtedly the worshipper comes in line with the Black Stone at the end of the seventh circuit, so it is Sunnah for him to say Takbeer as it is Sunnah for him to do so at the beginning of each circuit, when he comes in line with it – following the example of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). He should also touch or kiss the Black Stone is he is able to.

And Allaah is the Source of strength. May Allaah send blessings and peace upon our Prophet Muhammad.  Continue reading

How one should say Takbeer when doing sajdat al-tilaawah

Should a person who is reading Qur’aan say Takbeer when doing sajdat al-tilaawah and when sitting up, or only when going down? Should he recite the Tashahhud or not? Should he say salaam afterwards or not?

Praise be to Allaah.

Firstly: the person who is doing sajdat al-tilaawah should say Takbeer when going down, because of the hadeeth narrated by Abu Dawood in his Sunan from Ibn ‘Umar (may Allaah be pleased with them both) who said: “The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to recite Qur’aan to us, and if he reached a verse where a sajdah was prescribed, he would say Takbeer and prostrate and we would do likewise.” (Reported by Ahmad, 2/17; al-Bukhaari, 2/33,34; Muslim, 1/405, no. 575). He should not say Takbeer when coming up from the sujood, because there is no report from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) to indicate that, and because sajdat al-tilaawah is an act of worship, and acts of worship are to be done in accordance with what is prescribed in sharee’ah. What was reported from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was Takbeer when going down into sujood al-tilaawah, not when coming up. But if a person is doing sajdat al-tilaawah when praying, then he should say takbeer both when going down and when coming up, because of the general meaning of the saheeh ahaadeeth which describe the prayer of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and state that he said Takbeer each time he went down into sujood or came up.

Secondly: one should not recite al-Tashahhud or say salaam after doing sajdat al-tilaawah, because there is no proof that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did that. Sajdat al-tilaawah is an act of worship and as such should be done as prescribed as in sharee’ah and we cannot make qiyaas (analogy) comparing it to the tashahhud and salaam in prayer.

And Allaah is the source of strength. May Allaah bless our Prophet Muhammad and his family and companions. Continue reading

He is not sure whether he said Rabbana wa laka’l-hamd after the imam said the takbeer for prostration

I was praying with the imam, and whilst I was praying the imam said “Sami’a Allaahu liman hamidah” and after he said the takbeer for prostration, I was not sure whether I said Rabbana wa laka’l-hamd or not. Is my prayer valid, or do I have to repeat it?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Firstly:

Tasmee’ (which means saying Sami’a Allaahu liman hamidah) when rising from bowing, and tahmeed (which means saying Rabbana laka’l-hamd) when standing up straight are Sunnah mustahabbah according to the majority of scholars, but the Hanbalis are of the view that they are obligatory, which is the correct view.

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) said in al-Sharh al-Mumti’ (3/433):

The evidence for that (i.e., that it is obligatory) is as follows:

(i)

The Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) always did that, and he did not omit to say Sami’a Allaahu liman hamidah in any circumstances.

(ii)

It is the sign for moving from bowing to standing.

(iii)

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “When he says Sami’a Allaahu liman hamidah, then say Rabbana wa laka’l-hamd.” End quote.

See the answer to question no. 102700.

Secondly:

If a person is not sure whether he omitted one of the obligatory duties of prayer during the prayer, then he is like one who omitted it. If he is still at that point in the prayer, then he should do it, and he does not have to do anything else. If he has passed that point in the prayer then it is not possible for him to do it, but he has to do sujood al-sahw (the prostration of forgetfulness).

Based on this, if your doubt and uncertainty occurred whilst you were standing up straight after bowing, then you should have said these words then, because you were still at that point in the prayer.

If the uncertainty came to you after you prostrated, then the time for saying tahmeed had passed, and in that case you were like one who omitted it out of forgetfulness. If you had caught up with the first rak’ah with the imam, then you should have said the tasleem with the imam and the prostration of forgetfulness would have been waived for you in that case.

If you had come late and missed one or more rak’ahs with the imam, then you should do the prostration of forgetfulness before the tasleem, after completing your prayer. If you did not do the prostration for forgetfulness in this case because you did not know that it is obligatory, then your prayer is still valid and you do not have to do anything.

To sum up: your prayer is valid and you do not have to repeat it. As for the prostration of forgetfulness, it is according to the details mentioned above.

And Allaah knows best. Continue reading

Why does the imam say the takbeer in the Eid prayer?

Why is it Sunnah for us to say ten takbeers in the Eid prayers before reciting al-Faatihah? What is the benefit of that, and why do we do it in these prayers and not in the five obligatory prayers?

Praise be to Allaah.

The basic principle concerning acts of worship is to worship in the manner enjoined by Allaah and His Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), whether we know the reason behind it or not, especially in the case of prayer, fasting and Hajj. Reasoning has nothing to do with it. This includes the six or seven takbeers which the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) prescribed following the opening takbeer and before the recitation of al-Faatihah in the first rak’ah of the Eid prayer, and the five takbeers before the recitation of al-Faatihah in the second rak’ah of the Eid prayer, but not in the five daily prayers.

We must believe in what Allaah and His Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) have prescribed, and submit to it; we should hear and obey, because the basic principle in this matter is to worship Allaah and not to look for reasons.

A person has no right to interfere in matters that are the unique preserve of Allaah, such as worship and what kinds of worship are to be done and in what manner. He should not ask why has Allaah prescribed some things and not others, or what is the benefit of this that He has prescribed. Rather he should learn what Allaah and His Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) have prescribed, and act in accordance therewith. If the reason behind it becomes apparent to him, then praise be to Allaah; if not, he should submit to the rule of Allaah and obey Him, and have certain faith that Allaah has only prescribed things for a reason and in the best interests of his slaves, because He is Most Wise and All-Knowing in all that He says and does, prescribes and decrees. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“Certainly your Lord is All-Wise, All-Knowing”

[al-An’aam 6:83]

What we have said is supported by the verse in which Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“Indeed in the Messenger of Allaah (Muhammad) you have a good example to follow”

[al-Ahzaab 33:21]

And the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Pray as you have seen me praying.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari in his Saheeh.

And he (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said during his Farewell Pilgrimage, “Learn your rituals from me.” Narrated by Muslim, 378.

And Allaah is the Source of strength.  Continue reading

When should the takbeer for Eid al-Fitr begin?

When should the takbeer for Eid al-Fitr begin and when does it end?.

Praise be to Allaah.

At the end of Ramadaan Allaah has prescribed that His slaves should recite takbeer. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“(He wants that you) must complete the same number (of days), and that you must magnify Allaah [i.e. to say Takbeer (Allaahu Akbar: Allaah is the Most Great)] for having guided you so that you may be grateful to Him”

[al-Baqarah 2:185]

“that you must magnify Allaah” means venerating Him in your hearts and on your lips, by pronouncing the takbeer.

So you should say: Allaahu akbar, Allaahu akbar, laa ilaaha ill-Allaah, Allaahu akbar, Allaahu akbar, wa Lillaahi’l-hamd (Allaah is Most Great, Allaah is Most Great, there is no god except Allaah, Allaah is Most Great, Allaah is Most Great, and all praise be to Allaah).

Or you can say Allaahu akbar three times, so you say:

Allaahu akbar, Allaahu akbar, Allaahu akbar, laa ilaaha ill-Allaah, Allaahu akbar, Allaahu akbar, Allaahu akbar, wa Lillaahi’l-hamd (Allaah is Most Great, Allaah is Most Great, Allaah is Most Great, there is no god except Allaah, Allaah is Most Great, Allaah is Most Great , Allaah is Most Great, and all praise be to Allaah).

Both are permissible.

This takbeer is Sunnah according to the majority of scholars. It is Sunnah for both men and woman, in the mosque, in the home and in the marketplace. Men should say it out loud, and women should say it quietly, because women are commanded to lower their voices. Hence the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “If you notice something during the prayer, men should say ‘Subhan-Allaah!’ and women should clap.” So women should say the takbeer quietly and men should say it out loud. Continue reading

Should the person who is praying behind the imaam say the Takbeer loudly or softly?

Sheikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid, can you please tell me when saying Takbir after the Imam says Takbir in Salat if it those following the Imam should say it out loud or to ones self?

Praise be to Allaah.

The imaam should say the Takbeerat al-Ihraam (first Takbeer) and the Takbeeraat for the movements of the prayer aloud, so that the people behind him can hear him and follow him. If the mosque is big and the imaam’s voice cannot reach all the people who are praying, or his voice is weak because of sickness etc. or because that is his nature, some of the people praying behind him can convey the Takbeeraat [by repeating them aloud], because of the saheeh hadeeth which says that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) led the people in prayer when he was sick, and Abu Bakr (may Allaah be pleased with him) made the people hear the Takbeer. (Agreed upon).

With regard to the person who is praying behind the imaam, the Sunnah is for him to say the Takbeer quietly so that only he himself can hear it. This also applies to his recitation of Qur’aan, Takbeeraat, saying Tasbeeh in Rukoo’ etc., the Tashahhud, the Salaam and the du’aa’, whether these words are waajib (obligatory) or naafil (supererogatory). It is not Mustahabb to make it louder than that except where there is a need to help others who cannot hear the imaam, in which case he should make it louder. Continue reading

Congregational Takbeer in the mosque when hearing good news

Is it a bid’ah to yell “takbeer” or “tasbeeh” everytime you have som good news in a masjid so that the congregation can chant in a group?

Praise be to Allaah.

When the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) heard something that pleased him, he would say: “Allaahu akbar, Allaahumma la ‘aysha ila ‘aysh al-aakhirah (Allaah is most great, O Allaah, there is no real life except the life of the Hereafter).” (Narrated by Ahmad). So it is permissible for a man to say Allaahu akbar when he sees something that makes him glad, and he can raise his voice, without going to extremes. But congergational Takbeer, where everyone starts and ends at the same time, is not prescribed in Islam, because there is no report to indicate that. But if one person says Takbeer, then another and another joins in, and they happen to say it at the same time, without prior agreement, then there is nothing wrong with this. They can also prostrate (sajdat al-shukr – the prostration of thanksgiving) if it is a serious matter. And Allaah is the Source of help. Continue reading