Ruling on meat slaughted by a Kitaabi if at the time of slaughter he says “In the name of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit”

Ive read your fetwa on the subject mentioned but according to our country’s context, its a little bit different which forced me to ask further explanation. You mentioned that a meat slaughtered by ahlel kitab can be eaten provided that it is slaughtered in the name of Allah. In another fetwa in your site, it is also mentioned that we don’t need to ask whether that specific meat is slaughtered in the name of Allah, as long as it is slaughtered by a Muslim or a kitabiy. In our country (Ethiopia), we already know that Christians most of the time slaughter after saying: ” In the name of the father (referring to God), the Son, and the holy spirit”. So, can we consider their being ahlel kitab and eat their meat with out asking about what has been mentioned during slaughtering, or do we have to take all their meat as unlawful?.

Praise be to Allaah.

It is permissible to eat meat slaughtered by a Kitaabi (a Jew or a Christian) subject to two conditions:

1.     That the meat is slaughtered as the Muslims slaughter it, by cutting the trachea and oesophagus and draining the blood. If he kills it by strangulation, electric shock or drowning in water, then the meat he has slaughtered is not halaal. The same applies if the Muslim does that; the meat he has slaughtered is not halaal.

2.     That no name other than the name of Allah, such as the name of the Messiah or any other name, is mentioned over it, because Allah, may He be exalted, says (interpretation of the meaning): “Eat not (O believers) of that (meat) on which Allah’s Name has not been pronounced (at the time of the slaughtering of the animal)” [al-An‘aam 6:121]. And He says concerning haraam foods: “He has forbidden you only the Maytatah (dead animals), and blood, and the flesh of swine, and that which is slaughtered as a sacrifice for others than Allah (or has been slaughtered for idols, etc., on which Allah’s Name has not been mentioned while slaughtering)” [al-Baqarah 2:173].

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allah have mercy on him) said: What is meant here is that on which a name other than the name of Allah was mentioned at the time of slaughter, such as saying “In the name of the Messiah” or “in the name of Muhammad” or “in the name of Jibreel” or “in the name of al-Laat” and the like.

End quote from Tafseer Soorat al-Baqarah. Continue reading

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He died and left behind a wife, his parents, a son and daughter

He died and he had a wife, a son and a daughter, and a mother and a father.
How should the house and car that are inherited be divided?.

Praise be to Allaah.

If a man dies and leaves behind a wife, a son and a daughter, and a mother and a father, the estate is to be divided as follows:

The wife gets one eighth, because Allah says (interpretation of the meaning): “but if you leave a child, they [wives] get an eighth of that which you leave”

[al-Nisa’ 4:12].  Continue reading

Is it permissible for him to buy a computer for his son using interest he has received or keep it in return for waiving debts owed to him?

I want to get rid of some interest. Is it permissible for me to (i) give it to my son who is a university student aged 22 and he does not have any income except what his father spends on his maintenance for food and drink and the like? Is it permissible for me to give him some of this interest so that he can buy a computer and other things that will help him in his studies?; or (ii) to give it to my siblings who are hard up? Is it permissible for me to keep some of this interest in return for loans that I had lent and that they did not give back to me, and to let them off?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Firstly:

It is haraam to deal with riba in all forms and this is a major sin. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“O you who believe! Fear Allaah and give up what remains (due to you) from Ribaa (from now onward) if you are (really) believers.

279. And if you do not do it, then take a notice of war from Allaah and His Messenger but if you repent, you shall have your capital sums. Deal not unjustly (by asking more than your capital sums), and you shall not be dealt with unjustly (by receiving less than your capital sums)”

[al-Baqarah 2:278-279]  Continue reading

Should he take a riba-based loan to get medical treatment for his son?

There is a man who has thirty thousand riyals, and he has a son who is sick. The doctors have decided to do an operation for him which will cost sixty thousand riyals. He could not find anyone to lend him the outstanding amount, and he could not find any other way, so he invested the thirty thousand riyals in riba and got sixty thousand riyals, and had his son treated, and he is saying that necessity makes forbidden things permissible. What is the ruling on that?.

Praise be to Allaah.

He has to repent to Allaah for having dealt in riba, because need does not make riba-based transactions permissible, and such cases are not described as necessity, because treating the sick is mustahabb and not obligatory, and because he could have borrowed the money or bought something on credit then sold it for immediate payment that was less than the credit price, or other means of helping himself to meet his need. We ask Allaah to help us and him to repent sincerely. And Allaah is the source of strength.  Continue reading

If he gives his son a car, does he have to give the same to his daughter too?

I have two sisters, one of whom is married and the other is still in school. When my sister got married, my father helped her by selling another apartment that he owned. A few years later, Allaah made things easier for us. Now I am at the age to get married, and my father has started to give me things I need to get married. A car has become one of the essentials in my case, and my father gave me his car. Is this fair? If the answer is no, should my father give my married sister a sum of money?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Firstly:

It is obligatory to treat children fairly in giving gifts, and it is haraam to show preference to some over others, unless that is for a legitimate reason, such as need, as is explained in the answer to question no. 22169.

A gift is something that a father gives as a present to his children. As for maintenance, that depends on the child’s needs, and it is not essential to give each one the same. Whoever is in need of maintenance may take it, and whoever does not need it should not take it. It is well known that maintenance of a minor is not like maintenance of a grown-up, and the maintenance of one who is studying at the primary level is not like maintenance of one who is studying at university, and maintenance of a girl is not usually like maintenance of a boy. That includes maintenance with regard to marriage – a father may give to one who is about to get married what he does not give to one who is not about to get married.  Continue reading

Ruling on father taking back a gift that he had given to his son

Is it permissible for a father to ask to take back a gift that he had previously given to his son?

Praise be to Allaah.

That is permissible if it serves a valid interest and if the son is able to return it, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “It is not permissible for a Muslim man to give a gift and then take it back, except in the case of a gift given by a father to his son.” (Narrated by Imaam Ahmad, Abu Dawood, al-Tirmidhi, al-Nasaa’i and Ibn Maajah. Classed as saheeh by al-Tirmidhi, Ibn Hibbaan and al-Haakim). Continue reading

If a father needs money, can he take money that his son has earned in a café?

Can my father and mother who are in desperate need take money from my brother who owns a café in which people play cards and smoke the narghileh?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Firstly:

A father may take whatever he needs from his son’s wealth, so long as that will not harm the son.

That is because of the report narrated by Ibn Maajah (2291) and Ibn Hibbaan in his Saheeh from the hadeeth of Jaabir, and by Ahmad (6902) from the hadeeth of ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Amr (may Allaah be pleased with him), according to which a man said: O Messenger of Allaah, I have wealth and a son, and my father wants to take all my wealth. He said, “You and your wealth belong to your father.” This hadeeth was classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Ibn Maajah. Continue reading

He died and left behind a mother, a wife, a son and two daughters

I hope that you can answer my question in detail: how much does each person get of the inheritance?
My father died and left behind a mother, a wife, a son and two daughters. The value of his estate is 172, 679 riyals.

Praise be to Allaah.

If a man dies and leaves behind a mother, a wife, a son and two daughters, and there are no other heirs apart from these, then the estate is to be divided as follows:

The mother gets one-sixth, because there are offspring who inherit. Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“For parents, a sixth share of inheritance to each if the deceased left children”

[al-Nisa’ 4:11].  Continue reading

He died and left behind a son and three daughters; the estate includes five apartments – how should they be shared out?

My father died leaving behind a house that contains four shops and an apartment on the ground floor, to be divided according to sharee‘ah with each male getting the share of two females. He also left five apartments of which I (a male) live in one, and my three sisters live in three others, and my father’s apartment, which is empty. What is the ruling on sharing out the apartments among us (one male and three females)?.

Praise be to Allaah.

If your father died and left behind a son and three daughters, and he did not leave behind any other heirs, then the estate is to be divided among you, with the male getting the share of two females.

So the son is like two daughters; the estate should be divided into five portions, of which the son takes two.

If the father left behind five apartments, and they are equal in size and value, or the heirs agree to the differences in size and value, then the son should take two apartments and each daughter should take one. Continue reading

If she dies and leaves behind a son and a daughter

A mother has two children. A male and a female. The father has passed away.He had nothing that we could inherit.How is the inheritance from our mother going to be splitted? Is it half for the daughter and half for the son? Or is it two thirds for the son and one third for the daughter?. As i said. we are one son and one daughter who inshallah is going to inherit from our beloved mother.

Praise be to Allaah.

If a man or a woman dies and leaves behind male and female children, then the male gets the share of two females, because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“Allaah commands you as regards your children’s (inheritance): to the male, a portion equal to that of two females”

[al-Nisa’ 4:11].  Continue reading