The virtue of the last ten days of Ramadaan and Laylat al-Qadr

The virtue of the last ten days of Ramadaan and Laylat al-Qadr

Praise be to Allaah, the Lord of the Worlds, and peace and blessings be upon the Trustworthy Prophet Muhammad and upon all his family and companions.

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to strive hard (in worship) during the last ten days of Ramadaan in a way that he did not strive at any other times.

(Muslim, 1175, from ‘Aa’ishah). Among the things he did were secluding himself in I’tikaaf and seeking Laylat al-Qadr during this time. (Al-Bukhaari, 1913; Muslim, 1169). In al-Saheehayn it is reported from the hadeeth of ‘Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) that when the last ten days of Ramadaan came, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) would stay up at night, wake his family and gird his loins. (al-Bukhaari, 1920; Muslim, 1174). Muslim added: he strove hard and girded his loins.

Her phrase “girded his loins” is a metaphor for his preparing himself to worship and strive hard in worship, more than usual. It has the meaning of “rolling up one’s sleeves” to worship (i.e. getting ready to make a great deal of effort).

It was also said that it was a metaphor for keeping away from women and abstaining from sexual relations.

The phrase “stay up at night” means that he would stay awake, spending the night in prayer, etc. It was reported in another hadeeth that ‘Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) said: “I never saw the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) recite the entire Qur’aan in one night, or spend a whole night in prayer until the morning, or fast an entire month, except in Ramadaan.”

(Sunan al-Nasaa’i, 1641). The words “stay up at night” may mean that he spent most of the night in worship, or that he did not stay up for the entire night, but he did that at the times of ‘Ishaa and Suhoor, and other times, in which case it would mean that he stayed up for most of the night. Continue reading

Hanging electrically illuminated crescents and stars on the outside of buildings during Ramadaan

Here in Jordan a new tradition has appeared and become widespread, which is hanging electrically illuminated crescents and stars on the outside of buildings and balconies to celebrate the blessed month of Ramadaan, throughout the month. Is that permissible, seeing that it involves extravagance and imitation of the Christmas trees which Christians put up in December? Is the people’s ignorance a valid excuse?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Firstly:

We do not think there is anything wrong with putting up decorations such as lanterns and the like to celebrate the beginning of the blessed month of Ramadaan, but we should pay attention to a number of things, such as the following:

1.     That should not be regarded as an act of worship, rather it comes under the heading of permissible customs.

2.     We should not be extravagant and buy these decorations for high prices.

3.     These decorations should not include any images of animate beings or include any musical devices.

4.     The mosques should avoid using such decorations, because they will distract worshippers.  Continue reading

Zakaah in Ramadaan – should it be paid on all one’s wealth?

I pay the zakaah on my wealth every year in Ramadaan, and I pay zakaah on the amount that was in my account in the previous Ramadaan only, i.e., wealth for which one year has passed. Is what I am doing correct? Or do I have to pay zakaah on everything that I saved during the year?.

Praise be to Allaah.

In order for zakaah to be obligatory, one year must have passed, i.e., one hijri year must have gone by since the wealth reached the nisaab (threshold at which zakaah becomes due).  The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “There is no zakaah on wealth until a year has passed.” (Narrated by Ibn Maajah; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Irwa’ al-Ghaleel, no. 787).

The passage of one year is also a condition for zakaah on gold, silver, paper currency and animals of the an’aam class to be obligatory. [Translator’s note: the an’aam class of animals includes camels, cattle, sheep and goats].  Continue reading

He become Muslim on the last day of Ramadaan – does he have to pay zakaat al-fitr?

If a person becomes Muslim on the last day of Ramadaan, does he have to pay sadaqat al-fitr?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Yes, he has to pay sadaqat al-fitr, because he is now one of the Muslims, and in the hadeeth of Ibn ‘Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him) it says that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) enjoined zakaat al-fitr, a saa’ of dates, or a saa’ of barley, upon all the Muslims, slave and free, male and female, young and old. End quote.

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him).  Continue reading

Is zakaat al-fitr due from one who did not fast in Ramadaan because of a valid excuse?

Is zakaat al-fitr due from one who did not fast all Ramadaan because he was travelling or was sick?.

Praise be to Allaah.

The majority of scholars, including the four imams and others, are of the view that zakaat al-fitr is due from the Muslim even if he did not fast Ramadaan. No one else differed from that except Sa’eed ibn al-Musayyab and al-Hasan al-Basri, who said that zakaat al-fitr is due only from those who fasted. But the correct view is that of the majority, because of the following evidence:

1 –The general meaning of the hadeeth which is the basis for zakaat al-fitr being obligatory:

It was narrated that Ibn ‘Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) enjoined zakaat al-fitr, a saa’ of dates or a saa’ of barley, upon everyone, slave or free, male or female, young or old, and he enjoined that it be paid before the people went out to pray. Narrated by al-Bukhaari (1503) and Muslim (984).

The word “young” includes small children who cannot fast.  Continue reading

Giving the price of zakaat al-fitr to a charitable organization at the beginning of Ramadaan

Is it permissible for a charitable organization to accept money for zakaat al-fitr at the beginning of Ramadaan, so that they can put it to the best possible use?

Praise be to Allaah.

If there are no poor people in the area, or those who will take it do not really need it and will not eat it, but will instead sell it at half price, and it is difficult to find poor and needy people who will eat it, then it is permissible to send it outside the country. It is permissible to give the price (of zakaat al-fitr) at the beginning of the month to an agent who will buy (zakaat al-fitr) and deliver it to deserving people at the time when it should be paid, which is the night before Eid or two days before that. And Allaah knows best.  Continue reading

What is the ruling on giving food to a non-Muslim driver during the day in Ramadaan?

We have a foreign driver who is not Muslim. Can we give him food during the day in Ramadaan?.

Praise be to Allaah.

The ruling on this and similar issues comes under the ruling on whether minor issues of Islam are addressed to kaafirs too. The correct view is that they are addressed to them, and this is the view of the majority. Hence it is not permissible to enable him to eat during the day in Ramadaan or to help him to do so.

If a kaafir persists in his kufr and dies as a kaafir, then he will be punished for his kufr and for all the rulings of sharee’ah that he failed to abide by. This is indicated by the verse in which Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

‘Every person is a pledge for what he has earned,

39. Except those on the Right (i.e. the pious true believers of Islamic Monotheism).

40. In Gardens (Paradise) they will ask one another,

41. About Al‑Mujrimoon (polytheists, criminals, disbelievers) (and they will say to them):

42. “What has caused you to enter Hell?”

43. They will say: “We were not of those who used to offer the Salaah (prayers),

44. “Nor we used to feed Al‑Miskeen (the poor);

45. “And we used to talk falsehood (all that which Allaah hated) with vain talkers.

46. And we used to belie the Day of Recompense,

47. “Until there came to us (the death) that is certain.”’
[al-Muddaththir 74:38-47]  Continue reading

It is not permissible to delay zakaah until Ramadaan

The zakaah for my wealth will fall due before the month of Ramadaan. Is it permissible for me to delay it until Ramadaan because paying zakaah in Ramadaan is better?.

Praise be to Allaah.

If the hijri year has passed on wealth that meets the nisaab (threshold for zakaah), it is obligatory to pay zakaah immediately; it is not permissible to delay it after it has become due if one is able to pay it.

Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“And march forth [lit. hasten] in the way (which leads to) forgiveness from your Lord, and for Paradise as wide as the heavens and the earth, prepared for Al-Muttaqoon (the pious)”

[Aal ‘Imraan 3:133]

“Race with one another in hastening towards forgiveness from your Lord (Allaah), and Paradise the width whereof is as the width of the heaven and the earth, prepared for those who believe in Allaah and His Messengers”

[al-Hadeed 57:21]

Moreover, if a person delays that, he does not know what will happen to him. He may die leaving this obligation unfulfilled; fulfilling one’s duty is obligatory.  Continue reading

Is it better to pay zakaah in Ramadaan?

I heard that paying zakaah in Ramadaan is better than paying it in any other month. Is this correct? What is the evidence for that? Please note that the time when zakaah becomes due may be before or after Ramadaan.

Praise be to Allaah.

Firstly: When a full hijri year has passed and zakaah becomes due, it must be paid, unless it is the zakaah of agricultural crops, which must be paid on the day of harvesting, because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“but pay the due thereof (their Zakaah, according to Allaah’s Orders, 1/10th or 1/20th) on the day of their harvest”

[al-An’aam 6:141]

Zakaah must be paid as soon as one full hijri year has passed, because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“Race with one another in hastening towards forgiveness from your Lord (Allaah), and Paradise the width whereof is as the width of the heaven and the earth”

[al-Hadeed 57:21]  Continue reading

Which is better in Ramadaan, to give zakaah in the form of money or to feed the poor?

Which is better in Ramadaan, to give zakaah in the form of money or to feed the poor?.

Praise be to Allaah.

With regard to the obligatory zakaah, this is an act of worship for which there is an appointed time, which is when one hijri year has passed since the nisaab (minimum threshold) was acquired. When one year has passed, it becomes obligatory to pay zakaah, and it is not permissible for the one on whose wealth zakaah is due to delay paying it on time, except for a legitimate shar’i excuse.

It is not permissible to wait for the month of Ramadaan in order to pay zakaah at that time, unless it is a short delay such as one or two weeks. See question no. 13981Continue reading