Necessity of refraining from discussion of the disagreements that occurred among the Companions of the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him)

Is it true that ‘Ali ibn Abi Taalib and ‘Uthmaan (may Allah be pleased with him) were killed by some Muslim people? Can you explain what the problem was that arose among the Sahaabah during that period and tell me of some books that deal with this topic?.

Praise be to Allaah.

It should be understood – may Allah protect us and you from confusion and specious arguments, both obvious and subtle – that the Companions of Muhammad (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) were the best companions of the best Prophet, especially the four Rightly Guided Caliphs.

Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“And the first to embrace Islam of the Muhajiroon (those who migrated from Makkah to Al-Madinah) and the Ansar (the citizens of Al-Madinah who helped and gave aid to the Muhajiroon) and also those who followed them exactly (in Faith). Allah is well-pleased with them as they are well-pleased with Him”

[at-Tawbah 9:100].

Ibn Katheer (may Allah have mercy on him) said: Here Allah the Almighty tells us that He is pleased with the first to embrace Islam of the Muhaajireen and Ansaar, and those who followed them in truth. So woe to those who hate them or revile them, or who hate some of them and revile some of them. End quote. Tafseer Ibn Katheer, 4/203

Allah, may He be exalted, says concerning the Muhaajireen (interpretation of the meaning):

“(And there is also a share in this booty) for the poor emigrants, who were expelled from their homes and their property, seeking Bounties from Allah and to please Him. And helping Allah (i.e. helping His religion) and His Messenger (Muhammad SAW). Such are indeed the truthful (to what they say)”

[al-Hashr 59:8].  Continue reading

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Reconciling between the verse “Allah will protect you from the people” and the death of the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him)

How can we reconcile between the verse “Allah will protect you from the people” i.e., from being killed, and the hadeeth narrated by ‘Aa’ishah in Saheeh al-Bukhaari: “O ‘Aa’ishah, I still feel the pain of the food that I ate in Khaybar, and this time I feel that my aorta is being cut from that poison”?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Firstly:

The verse in question says (interpretation of the meaning):

“O Messenger (Muhammad )! Proclaim (the Message) which has been sent down to you from your Lord. And if you do not, then you have not conveyed His Message. Allah will protect you from mankind. Verily, Allah guides not the people who disbelieve.”

[al-Maa’idah 5:67].

The hadeeth in question says:

‘Aa’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) said: The Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) used to say, during the illness of which he died: “O ‘Aa’ishah, I still feel the pain of the food that I ate in Khaybar, and this time I feel that my aorta is being cut from that poison.”

Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 4165

The “food” was poisoned mutton. Continue reading

Are Taha and Yaseen names of the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him)?

I would like to know whether Taha and Yaseen are names of the Messenger (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him)?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Taha and Yaseen are not names of the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him); rather they are among the separate letters that appear at the beginning of some soorahs of the Holy Qur’aan, which point to the miraculous nature of the Qur’aan and the fact that these letters are part of the language of the Arabs, yet despite that they were unable to produce anything like it, which indicates that it was revealed from Allah, may He be exalted.

Muhammad al-Ameen ash-Shanqeeti (may Allah have mercy on him) said in Adwa’ al-Bayaan (4/3), commenting on Soorah Ta-Ha:

The most correct opinion concerning it in my view is that these are the separate letters that appear at the beginning of some soorahs. What may prove that is the fact that the ta’ and ha’ that appear at the beginning of this soorah also appear in other places in which there is no dispute that they are among these separate letters. The letter ta’ appears at the beginning of ash-Shu‘ara’ (Soorah 26), “Ta Seen Meem”; and at the beginning of an-Naml (Soorah 27), Ta’ Seen, and at the beginning of as-Qasas (soorah 28). As for the letter ha’, it appears at the beginning of Soorat Maryam where Allah, may He be exalted, says “Kaaf Ha’ Yaa ‘Ayn Saad.” End quote.  Continue reading

How much did the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) recite in the obligatory prayers?

How much did the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) recite in the obligatory and naafil prayers?

Praise be to Allaah.

The Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) used to recite at length in Fajr and Zuhr prayer, a moderate amount in ‘Asr and ‘Isha’, and briefly in Maghrib, in which he would recite short soorahs.

He (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) would sometimes recite longer passages than this or he would make it shorter, according to the situation.

It was narrated from Sulaymaan ibn Yasaar from Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: I never prayed behind anyone whose prayer was more like that of the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) than So and so. Sulaymaan said: He would make the first two rak‘ahs of Zuhr lengthy, and the last two shorter; he would make ‘Asr brief; in Maghrib he would recite the short soorahs from al-mufassal; in ‘Isha’ he would recite medium-length soorahs from al-mufassal; and in Fajr he would recite long soorahs from al-mufassal. Continue reading

Family gatherings on the Prophet’s birthday and ‘Ashoora’

Is it permissible to have family gatherings – among brothers and cousins – and to eat together on special occasions and Eids (by special occasions I mean the Prophet’s birthday, ‘Ashoora’ etc)? What is the ruling on one who does that? And what about gatherings after someone had memorized or completed the Qur’aan?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Undoubtedly exchanging visits and getting together with brothers, cousins and relatives on the Eids that are prescribed in Islam (namely Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha), and on happy occasions, is something that brings happiness and increases love and strengthens the bonds between relatives. But what happens in many of these family gatherings, such as mixing between men and women, even if they are relatives and cousins, are bad customs that go against the teachings of the Qur’aan and Sunnah, which enjoin lowering the gaze and forbid wanton display, being alone with a member of the opposite sex (khulwah), shaking hands with non-mahram women, and all the things that lead to fitnah. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) warned against the dangers of taking matters lightly with relatives. He said: “Beware of entering upon women.” A man from among the Ansaar said: “O Messenger of Allaah, what do you think about the in-law?” He said: “The in-law is death.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 4934; Muslim, 2172. Al-Layth ibn Sa’d said: The in-law is the brother and similar relatives of the husband, his cousin and so on. It was also narrated by Muslim. (See question no. 1200 for more discussion on the issue of mixing).  Continue reading

Reading Qur’aan together, giving good deeds to the dead, and al-Mawlid al-Nabawi (celebrating the birthday of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him))

On every last Sunday of the month, we get together with a group of 30 or more sisters and each of us reads two or three hizb (portions of Qur’aan) until we complete the Holy Qur’aan in one and a half or two hours. We have been told that this will count – in sha Allaah – as a completion of the Qur’aan for each one of us. Is that correct? After that we make du’aa’ and ask Allaah to give the reward for our reading to the rest of the believers, living and dead. Will the reward reach the dead? They quote as evidence for that the words of our master Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him): “When a man dies, all his good deeds come to an end except three: ongoing charity, beneficial knowledge or a righteous son who will pray for him.” 
On the festival of the Prophet’s birthday (al-mawlid al-nabawi), they hold a ribaat (vigil) which starts at 10 a.m. and lasts until 3 p.m. They start with prayers for forgiveness, praise of Allaah, tasbeeh and takbeer, and sending blessings upon our master Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) silently, then they read the Qur’aan, and some sisters fast on that day. Is singling out this day for all these acts of worship regarded as an innovation (bid’ah)? We also have a lengthy du’aa’ seeking blessing that we say at the time of suhoor, for those who are able to say it. It is called du’aa’ al-raabitah. It starts by sending blessings and salaams upon our master Muhammad and his party and the other Prophets, and the Mothers of the Believers, and the female companions of the Prophet, the Rightly Guided Caliphs, the Taabi’een, and the righteous close friends (awliya’) of Allaah, mentioning each of them by name. Is it correct that mentioning all these names will make their owners recognize us and call out to us in Paradise? Is this du’aa’ an innovation? I feel that it is, but most of the sisters disagree with me. Will I be punished by Allaah if I am wrong? How can I convince them if I am correct? This matter is making me lose sleep and every time I remember the hadeeth of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) which says that every newly-invented matter is an innovation and every innovation is a going-astray, and every going-astray will be in the Fire, my worry and grief get even worse.

Praise be to Allaah.

Firstly:

In the saheeh Sunnah there are many reports which speak of the virtues of gathering to read the Book of Allaah, but in order for the Muslim to attain those rewards, he should ensure that the gathering is in accordance with sharee’ah. One of the prescribed ways in which people may gather to read Qur’aan is for the people gathered to read together for the purpose of study, learning the meanings and how to recite properly. Another kind of gathering that is prescribed is for each of them to read and the others to listen, so that they may ponder the meanings of the verses. Both are mentioned in the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).  Continue reading

Ruling on celebrating the birthday of the Prophet

Ruling on celebrating the birthday of the Prophet

Praise be to Allaah the Lord of the Worlds, and blessings and peace be upon our Prophet Muhammad and all his family and companions.

The commands mentioned in the Qur’aan and Sunnah to follow the laws of Allaah and His Messenger, and the prohibitions on introducing innovations into the religion are quite clear. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“Say (O Muhammad to mankind): ‘If you (really) love Allaah, then follow me (i.e. accept Islamic Monotheism, follow the Qur’aan and the Sunnah), Allaah will love you and forgive you your sins’”

[Aal ‘Imraan 3:31]

“Follow what has been sent down unto you from your Lord (the Qur’aan and Prophet Muhammad’s Sunnah), and follow not any Awliyaa’ (protectors and helpers who order you to associate partners in worship with Allaah), besides Him (Allaah). Little do you remember!”

[al-A’raaf 7:3]

“And verily, this is My straight path, so follow it, and follow not (other) paths, for they will separate you away from His path”

[al-A’naam 6:153]

And the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The most truthful of speech is the Book of Allaah and the best of guidance is the guidance of Muhammad, and the most evil of things are those which are newly-invented.” And he (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever innovates anything in this matter of ours (i.e., Islam), that is not part of it will have it rejected.” (Narrated by al-Bukhaari, no. 2697; Muslim, no. 1718). According to a version narrated by Muslim, “Whoever doe anything that is not in accordance with this matter of ours (i.e., Islam), will have it rejected.” Continue reading

The Prophet’s Methods for Correcting People’s Mistakes

Al-Asaaleeb al-Nabawiyyah

The Prophet’s Methods for Correcting People’s Mistakes

English Translation

Book by Sheikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid

Contents:

Introduction

Points to be noted when dealing with mistakes

The Prophet’s methods of dealing with people’s mistakes

Conclusion

Introduction

Bismillaah il-Rahmaan il-Raheem

In the Name of Allaah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Praise be to Allaah, Lord of the Worlds, Master of the Day of Judgement, God of the first and the last, Sustainer of heaven and earth, and peace and blessings be upon His trustworthy Prophet, the Teacher of mankind, sent as a Mercy to the worlds.

Teaching people is one of the greatest good deeds whose benefits spread to others. It is the daiy’ahs’ and educators’ share of the heritage of the Prophets and Messengers. “Allaah and the angels, and even the ant in its nest and the whale in the sea will pray for the one who teaches people the ways of good.” (Reported by al-Tirmidhi; Sunan al-Tirmidhi, Ahmad Shaakir edn., no. 2685. Abu ‘Eesa said, this is a saheeh ghareeb hasan hadeeth). There are different types and ways of teaching, with different means and methods, one of which is correcting mistakes. Correcting mistakes is a part of education; they are like inseparable twins.

Dealing with and correcting mistakes is also a part of sincerity in religion (naseehah) which is a duty on all Muslims. The connection between this and the concept of enjoining what is good and forbidding what is evil, which is also a duty, is quite obvious (but we should note that the area of mistakes is broader than the area of evil (munkar), so a mistake may or may not be evil as such). Continue reading

Instilling the love of the Prophet in the heart of a child

How can we develop love of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) in the hearts of our children? I have a young daughter – what can I do with her to achieve this?

Praise be to Allaah.

There are a number of ways to instill love of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) in the hearts of our children, such as:

·        The parents can tell them the stories that have been narrated of the children of the Sahaabah at the time of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), how they fought those who tried to harm him, how quickly they responded to his call and obeyed his commands, and how they loved that which he loved, and how they memorized the hadeeth of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). Continue reading

Signifying love of the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allaah be upon him) by drawing a heart

There are some key chains that are made in the shape of a heart, which is a symbol of love, on which is written “I,” then the drawing of the heart, “the Prophet,” meaning: I love the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allaah be upon him). On the back is written: Ya Habeebi, Ya Rasool Allaah (O my Beloved, O Messenger of Allaah). The other thing is a disk that is worn on the chest, which has the same things written on it. It has also become common among some women to wear women’s shirts which have these phrases written on them on the left side, on the chest. What is the ruling on these things?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Making the shape mentioned and writing the phrases mentioned, on clothing, medallions and so on, is not the way of the early generations of this ummah who are the best of generations and who had greater veneration and love for the Messenger (blessings and peace of Allaah be upon him) than those who came after them. It is also an imitation of immoral people who take this symbol as a sign of their haraam love for others and who get deeply involved in this kind of love without paying any attention to rulings of sharee’ah. The shape mentioned may also be understood to mean that love for the Messenger of Allaah (blessings and peace of Allaah be upon him) is like love for any other created being, and this is a serious error, because love for the Messenger of Allaah (blessings and peace of Allaah be upon him) is an Islamic duty, without which faith cannot be complete. As for love of anyone else, it may be Islamically acceptable or it may be haraam. Based on the above, writing the phrase mentioned, buying and selling it and using it is not permissible.

And Allaah is the source of strength. May Allaah send blessings and peace upon our prophet Muhammad and his family and Companions. End quote.  Continue reading