Is it prescribed to pray when an earthquake happens or there are strong winds?

If there is an earthquake or other signs in some land, is it prescribed for its people to pray ?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Yes, it is mustahabb to pray when one of these signs happens, such as eclipses, earthquakes, violent storms, persistent and frightening winds, and destructive floods, because it is narrated in a saheeh report from Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allah be pleased with him) that he prayed when an earthquake struck Basra, offering a prayer like the eclipse prayer. Then he said: This is how prayers should be offered at the time of these signs.

Narrated by Ibn Abi Shaybah, 2/472; ‘Abd ar-Razzaaq, 3/101; al-Bayhaqi in as-Sunan al-Kubra, 3/343. And he said: This is proven from Ibn ‘Abbaas. End quote. Classed as saheeh by al-Haafiz in Fath al-Baari, 2/521  Continue reading

Is it prescribed to pray istikhaarah concerning divorce?

Is it permissible to pray istikhaarah concerning the issue of divorce?.

Praise be to Allaah.

It is prescribed to pray istikhaarah concerning permissible matters or when choosing between mustahabb matters. With regard to things that are obligatory, mustahabb, haraam or makrooh, it is not prescribed to pray istikhaarah concerning them.

It says in al-Mawsoo‘ah al-Fiqhiyyah, 3/243: There is no room for istikhaarah with regard to matters that are obligatory, haraam or makrooh. Rather it applies to things that are recommended and permissible. And with regard to recommended matters, istikhaarah should not be done to decide whether to do them or not, because they are required. Rather it should be done when there is a conflict, i.e., when there are two conflicting matters and one does not know which one to start with or limit himself to. With regard to permissible matters, one may pray istikhaarah when deciding whether to do them at all. End quote.  Continue reading

If a person sneezes several times in a row, when is it prescribed to say “Yarhamuk Allah” to him?

My brother sneezes 5 times in a row! do i have to say yarhamukullah after every sneeze, or can i just wait and say it once at the end?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Saying “Yarhamuk Allah (may Allah have mercy on you)” to a person who sneezes, if he says “Al hamdu Lillah (praise be to Allah),” is a communal obligation, in the sense that if one person says it, the obligation is waived for the others. If no one among those who hear him says it, then all have sinned, because of the report narrated by Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: The Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “There are five things that the Muslim must do for his brother: returning the greeting of salaam, saying ‘Yarhamuk Allah’ to one who sneezes…”

Narrated by Muslim (4022)

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allah have mercy on him) said: Our companions and others differed concerning visiting one who is sick, saying “Yarhamuk Allah” to one who sneezes and initiating the greeting of salaam. What the texts indicate is that these things are waajib (obligatory), and it is said that it is a communal obligation.

End quote from al-Fataawa al-Kubra, 1/443 Continue reading

It is not prescribed to utter the intention for Hajj or for ‘Umrah

If the pilgrim says “Labbayka ‘umratan (here I am for ‘Umrah)” or “Laybbayka hajjan (Here I am for Hajj)”, is that regarded as uttering the intention?.

Praise be to Allaah.

If a person says “Labbayka ‘umratan (Here I am for ‘Umrah)” or “Laybbayka hajjan (Here I am for Hajj)”, that does not come under the heading of forming the intention, because he formed the intention before that. Hence it is not prescribed to say, “O Allah, I am going to do ‘Umrah” or “O Allah, I am going to do Hajj.” Rather you should form the retention in your heart and recite the Tabiyah out loud. With regard to uttering the intention for actions other than Hajj or ‘Umrah, this is something which it is well known is not prescribed. It is not Sunnah for a person to say, when he wants to do wudoo’, “O Allah, I am going to do wudoo’” or “O Allah, I intend to do wudoo’”, or when he wants to pray to say “O Allah, I am going to pray” or “O Allah, I intend to pray.” None of that is prescribed. And the best guidance is the guidance of Muhammad (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him). End quote.  Continue reading

It is not prescribed to utter the intention (niyyah) out loud when giving zakaah

What is the ruling on uttering the intention (niyyah) out loud when giving zakaah? For example, can I say when giving zakaah, “O Allah, this is the zakaah of my wealth”? If that is not permissible, how should one form the intention when giving zakaah?.

Praise be to Allaah.

The place for the intention is the heart, and it is not permissible to utter it out loud for prayer, fasting or zakaah. See the answer to question no. 13337.

Shaykh al-Fawzaan (may Allah preserve him) said: … Except in two cases.

The first case is when entering ihram for Hajj or ‘Umrah, in which case one says “Labbayka ‘umratan (here I am for ‘Umrah)” or “Labbayka Hajjan (here I am for Hajj)”.

The second case is when slaughtering the hadiy or udhiyah or ‘aqeeqah, when one should say Bismillah and state which type it is, whether it is ‘aqeeqah or ‘udhiyah or hadiy, and on whose behalf it is being offered. So he should say: In the name of Allah and on behalf of So and so” or “In the name of Allah on my behalf and on behalf of my household,” then he should slaughter it.

In these two cases it is prescribed to utter the intention out loud; in all other cases it is not permissible to utter the intention out loud for any act of worship, prayer or anything else.

End quote from al-Muntaqa min Fataawa al-Fawzaan, 5/30

Based on that, whoever wants to give the zakaah of his wealth should form the intention in his heart that this wealth is the zakaah of his wealth, and it is not prescribed for him to utter his intention verbally.

And Allah knows best. Continue reading

Adoption is of two types – forbidden and prescribed

If a person asks to adopt a child from the orphanage, is it permitted for those in charge to give him what he wants?

Praise be to Allaah.

Adoption of children is of two types, forbidden and not forbidden.

The forbidden type means adopting a child in the sense that the child is considered to be the child of the adopting parent and subject to the rulings on children. This is not permitted. Allaah nullified it in the Qur’aan when He said (interpretation of the meaning):

“…nor has He made your adopted sons your real sons…”

[al-Ahzaab 33:4]  Continue reading

It is not prescribed to put palm-leaf stalks or flowers on graves

I read a hadeeth which says that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) put a palm-leaf stalk on a grave. Is it Sunnah for the one who visits a grave to do that?.

Praise be to Allaah.

The hadeeth referred to by the questioner was narrated by al-Bukhaari (218) and Muslim (292) from Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him), who said: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) passed by two graves and said: “They are being punished, but they are not being punished for something that was difficult to avoid. One of them used not to take precautions to avoid (his body or clothes being soiled by) urine, and the other used to walk around spreading malicious gossip.” Then he took a fresh palm-leaf stalk and split it in two, and placed one piece on each of the two graves. They said: O Messenger of Allaah, why did you do that?” He said: “Perhaps the torment will be reduced for them so long as this does not dry out.”

Some of the scholars said that the reason why the torment would be reduced for them was that the fresh palm-leaf stalk glorifies Allaah, so that would be the reason why the torment would be reduced. This is subject to further discussion. Continue reading

The reason why it is prescribed for Muslims to perform Hajj once in a lifetime

Why should Muslims atleast visit mecca once in their life time?

Praise be to Allaah.

We Muslims feel honoured and proud to be the slaves of Allaah, the One, the Self-Sufficient Master, Who begets not nor was He begotten, and there is none co-equal or comparable unto Him; He is our Lord and we have no Lord besides Him. Hence we respond to the commands of our Lord with the utmost humility and submit to His commands, for we know that He is the All-Wise and no wisdom is greater than His. We know that He is the Most-Merciful and there is none more merciful than Him, may He be glorified and praised. Hence we love Him in a way that demands that we obey His commands even if that is somewhat difficult for us. We feel proud, happy and content when we do that which He commands us to do.  Continue reading

Is it prescribed for the person who is doing ‘Umrah to sacrifice a hadiy after his ‘umrah?

I read in some books of fiqh that it is mustahabb for the person who is doing ‘Umrah to sacrifice a hadiy after his ‘umrah. Is this one of the Sunnahs that have been forgotten in our time?.

Praise be to Allaah.

This is one of the Sunnahs that have been forgotten in our time, but it is not Sunnah if you have done ‘Umrah to buy a sheep and slaughter it; the Sunnah is to bring a sheep with you from your country or at least from the miqaat or the closest point outside the sanctuary, according to some scholars, and this is called driving the hadiy. But offering a sacrifice after ‘Umrah without having brought the animal with you is not part of the Sunnah. End quote.  Continue reading

Is it prescribed for the pilgrim to offer an udhiyah?

Should my wife and I slaughter one ram or two during Hajj? Do we have to offer an udhiyah in our homeland or not?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Firstly:

If you are doing Tamattu’ or Qiraan, then each of you must offer a separate hadiy, and one ram is not sufficient for both of you, because offering a sacrifice is obligatory for the one who is doing Tamattu’ or Qiraan. The one who cannot afford that has to fast for ten days, three days during Hajj and seven when he returns to his homeland, as Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“and whosoever performs the ‘Umrah in the months of Hajj, before (performing) the Hajj, (i.e. Hajj-at-Tamattu‘ and Al-Qiraan), he must slaughter a Hady such as he can afford, but if he cannot afford it, he should observe Sawm (fasts) three days during the Hajj and seven days after his return (to his home), making ten days in all”

[al-Baqarah 2:196]

But if you are doing Ifrad, you do not have to offer a hadiy, but you may offer it voluntarily if you wish, offering one or more. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) offered one hundred budnah as a hadiy during his Hajj.  Continue reading