Does he have to have the intention of exiting the prayer when he says the tasleem?

Is it necessary when saying the tasleem at the end of the prayer to intend by saying this tasleem to exit the prayer? Is my prayer valid if I do not do that?.

Praise be to Allaah.

the worshipper does not have to intend exiting the prayer when saying the tasleem; if he says the tasleem without intending that, it is acceptable. This is the view of the majority of fuqaha’ among the Hanafis, Shaafa‘is and Hanbalis.

Ibn Qudaamah (may Allah have mercy on him) said: He should intend when saying the tasleem to exit the prayer. If he does not have that intention, then Ibn Haamid said that his prayer is rendered invalid, and this is the apparent meaning of the statement of ash-Shaafa‘i, because it is uttered at one of the two ends of the prayer, so having the intention is essential, as is also the case with the takbeer (at the beginning of the prayer).

What was narrated from Ahmad (may Allah have mercy on him) is that it does not render his prayer invalid, and this is the correct opinion, because the intention to pray covers all of the prayer, and the salaam is part of it. And because if it were obligatory to form the attention when saying the salaam, there should have been some text to specify that, as with the opening takbeer, and because it is an act of worship. So it is not required to form the intention to exit the prayer, as is also the case with other acts of worship.) Drawing an analogy between the end of the prayer and the beginning is not correct; the intention is regarded as essential at the beginning so that it covers all other parts of the prayer, unlike the ending. Hence there is a differentiation between the beginning and end in all acts of worship. Continue reading

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Can a woman pray naafil when the iqaamah for prayer has been given?

Is it permissible for a woman to offer a regular Sunnah prayer before an obligatory prayer, such as the Sunnah prayer before Zuhr, when the iqaamah (call immediately preceding the congregational prayer) has been given?
A woman is not obliged to offer the prayer in congregation like a man, such that she would have to stop or delay the Sunnah prayer that is offered before the obligatory prayer and offer it after the obligatory prayer in order to catch up with the congregational prayer.

Praise be to Allaah.

Muslim (710) narrated from Abu Hurayrah that the Prophet |(blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “When the iqaamah for prayer is given, there is no prayer except the prescribed prayer.” This applies to the one to whom the command to pray in congregation is addressed or to the one who is present in the mosque when the iqaamah for prayer has been given. With regard to the woman who is in her house or a man who is excused for not attending prayers in congregation, they are not addressed in this hadeeth, so they may offer the naafil prayer even when they can hear the iqaamah from the mosques.

The same applies to a man if he wants to pray in a mosque other than the one in which the iqaamah has been given; he may offer the naafil prayer in his house.

It says in Kashshaaf al-Qinaa‘ (1/460): If the iqaamah has been given, i.e., the muezzin has started to give the iqaamah for the prayer the he wants to offer behind the imam (then he should not do any naafil prayer), otherwise he may do so, such as if the iqaamah is given in a mosque in which he does not intend to pray. This was stated in al-Furoo‘. To sum up, there should be no prayer except the prescribed prayer (after the iqaamah has been given), so he should not start any naafil prayer or any regular Sunnah prayer, before Fajr or otherwise, in the mosque or elsewhere, or even in his house, because the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “When the iqaamah for prayer is given, there is no prayer except the prescribed prayer.” End quote.

For more information see the answer to question no. 33582

And Allah knows best. Continue reading

Ruling on prayer if one omits some obligatory parts out of ignorance or forgetfulness

If a person makes a mistake in adhkaar that are obligatory in the prayer, such as the dhikr when sitting between the two prostrations and in the tashahhud – the first part of it – what is the ruling on his prayer if he forgot or was unaware (that it is obligatory)? What about previous prayers in which he made this mistake and does he have t o repeat them?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Firstly:

The dhikr that comes between the two prostrations is one of the Sunnahs of the prayer and is not obligatory. This has been discussed previously in the answer to question no. 130981

Based on that, if a person omits it deliberately or out of ignorance, that does not render his prayer invalid and he does not have to do anything. If he forgot it although he usually does it, it is mustahabb for him to do the two prostrations of forgetfulness before the salaam.

Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen (may Allah have mercy on him) said: If a person omits one of the mustahabb words or actions out of forgetfulness and he usually does it, then it is prescribed for him to prostrate (the prostration of forgetfulness) to make up for this omission that affected the perfection of the prayer but was not an omission of something obligatory, because of the general meaning of the words of the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) in the hadeeth, “For every mistake there are two prostrations”– narrated by Abu Dawood; it is a hasan hadeeth. In Saheeh Muslim it says: “If one of you forgets, let him prostrate twice.” As this is general in meaning, if he omits a Sunnah that he does not usually do, then it is not Sunnah for him to prostrate, because it never occurred to him to do it. Continue reading

When should the du‘aa’ be offered in salaat al-istikhaarah?

When a Muslim prays salaat al-istikhaarah, should he recite the du‘aa’ of istikhaarah after the tashahhud and before finishing the prayer, or after saying the tasleem at the end of the prayer?.

Praise be to Allaah.

What is prescribed with regard to du‘aa’ al-istikhaarah is that it should be said after finishing the prayer. This is the view of the majority of scholars.

It says in al-Mawsoo‘ah al-Fiqhiyyah (3/245): The Hanafis, Maalikis, Shaafa‘is and Hanbalis said: The du‘aa’ should come immediately after the prayer. This is in accordance with what is mentioned in the text of the hadeeth from the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him). End quote.  Continue reading

He started to pray then he saw a spot of blood on his thobe; should he interrupt his prayer?

I prayed and whilst I was praying I saw a small spot of blood on my thobe, but I carried on praying. What is the ruling on my prayer?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Firstly:

Blood is najis (impure) according to most of the scholars. See the answer to question no. 114018.

Secondly:

If a person starts to pray and whilst praying he notices a small spot of blood on his thobe, he should complete his prayer and he does not have to exit his prayer in order to purify his garment.

That is because a small amount of impurity is pardoned and it does not have to be washed.  Continue reading

What should the worshipper intend when he says the tasleem at the end of the prayer?

When we say “As-salaamu ‘alaykum wa rahmat-Allah” at the end of the prayer, to whom are we saying that? Are we saying it to the angels who are present on our right and on our left, or are we saying it to the people on our right and on our left?.

Praise be to Allaah.

The tasleem or salaam at the end of the prayer is one of its pillars or essential parts, and one cannot end or exit from the prayer without saying it, because of the report narrated by Abu Dawood (61) and at-Tirmidhi (3) from ‘Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: The Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “The key to prayer is purification, its start is the takbeer (saying Allahu akbar) and its exit is the tasleem (saying the salaam).”

Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Sunan Abi Dawood.  Continue reading

Ruling on offering an obligatory prayer on the bus when it is not necessary to do so, when he does all the essential parts of the prayer

I am a bus driver and sometimes I have to offer an obligatory prayer during my short rest period on my empty bus. I have a large space where I can face towards the qiblah and do all the essential parts (“pillars”) of the prayer. But I was surprised when a brother told me that the bus comes under the same ruling as a mount and it is not permissible to offer an obligatory prayer on it; rather he said I should exit the bus and pray on the street, so long as there is nothing to prevent me from doing so such as rain and so on.
Is it true that I should not pray on the bus, which is thirteen meters long and has space in the middle that is enough for me to pray, when it is parked in the garage?.

Praise be to Allaah.

It is not permissible for a Muslim to offer an obligatory prayer on his mount, unless there is a valid excuse, because on a mount he will omit some of the essential parts of the prayer, such as standing, bowing and prostrating.

It was narrated from Jaabir ibn ‘Abdullah (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) used to pray on his mount facing towards the east, but when he wanted to offer an obligatory prayer, he would dismount and face towards the qiblah.  Continue reading

Is it permissible to delay prayer and make it up later because of a migraine?

Is it possible to delay prayer and make it up at another time because of migraine and headache?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Firstly:

Allah has commanded his slaves to establish prayer at the times that He has prescribed for it. He says (interpretation of the meaning):

“Verily, the prayer is enjoined on the believers at fixed hours”

[an-Nisa’ 4:103].

He has made the timings of the prayer flexible for His slaves; He has appointed a beginning and end for them, and the time between the beginning, which is the best of its time, and the end, is sufficient time to pray. Whoever cannot pray at the beginning of the time has the option to pray until the end of that time comes. In the hadeeth of Jibreel (peace be upon him) it says that after the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) had offered the five obligatory prayers at the beginning of their times and the end, Jibreel said to him: “O Muhammad, these are the times of the Prophets who came before you and the time (for each prayer) is between these two times.” Continue reading

Ruling on placing biers in front of the worshippers during an obligatory prayer

When attending the funeral prayer, the people put the bier in the direction of the qiblah, then they offer the obligatory prayer facing it first, then they offer the funeral prayer. What is the ruling on that?.

Praise be to Allaah.

There is nothing wrong with placing the bier in front of the worshippers so that they can offer the obligatory prayer then offer the funeral prayer.

Shaykh Ibn Baaz (may Allah have mercy on him) was asked: If there is a funeral on Friday, during the prayer should we place the bier in front of us or behind us? Thank you.

He replied (may Allah have mercy on him): This matter is broad in scope. There is nothing wrong with placing it in front of the worshippers or behind, or on their right or their left. The deceased may be placed inside the mosque or near the mosque until the people have prayed, then the bier may be brought forward so that the people may offer the funeral prayer over it. It does not matter if it is placed in front of the worshippers or to their right or left, or behind them. I do not think there is anything wrong with that.  Continue reading

He notices the taste of toothpaste when he is praying. What should he do about food remnants that remain between his teeth? Is his prayer invalidated by swallowing his saliva?

before going to salat , i usually brush my teeth , but the toothpaste has a very strong taste that remains in my mouth , so i feel it during the prayer is my prayer valid? if yes is it invalid if i swallow my saliva? does the same rule apply to food also?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Firstly:

Swallowing saliva whilst praying does not affect the prayer, because it is not food or drink and it does not come under the heading of food or drink in any way. If a person is fasting, his fast is not invalidated by swallowing his saliva, so it is more apt that the prayer should not be invalidated by that.  Continue reading