The imam rushes through the prayer; can he pray at home with his sister in jamaa‘ah?

In the prayer place where I live there is a permanent imam, sometime when he is not there somone else is imam insteed of him. When he prays i dont have enough time to do al fatiha and many have complained on him, old people to, so there is no fatiha and everything else is also fast, and almost no khusho at all. only Fajr prayer is the only prayer when he is not the imam and someone else is, so that prayer can be done there.
Maghrib and isha can be done in another praying place where i live that usually has these two prayers that they pray there only and there they pray in normal speed, so i do maghrib and isha there. but duhr and asr in the prayer place with the fast imam, feels like it is no prayer and feel invalid and not right i always do my prayer again after finished praying behind the imam, sometime i fall behind in rukoo or prostration cause its to fast, so I do the prayer again and all feels very wrong.
So what im asking is can I pray duhr and asr at home with my sister instead?
I have asked my aunts husband who has studied in university of al madinah and he asked some or someone and he/they said it can be done.

Praise be to Allaah.

Firstly:

Praying in congregation in the mosque is obligatory for men who are able to do so, according to the more correct scholarly opinion, because of evidence that has been discussed previously in the answers to questions no. 8918 and 120  Continue reading

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Can a woman pray naafil when the iqaamah for prayer has been given?

Is it permissible for a woman to offer a regular Sunnah prayer before an obligatory prayer, such as the Sunnah prayer before Zuhr, when the iqaamah (call immediately preceding the congregational prayer) has been given?
A woman is not obliged to offer the prayer in congregation like a man, such that she would have to stop or delay the Sunnah prayer that is offered before the obligatory prayer and offer it after the obligatory prayer in order to catch up with the congregational prayer.

Praise be to Allaah.

Muslim (710) narrated from Abu Hurayrah that the Prophet |(blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “When the iqaamah for prayer is given, there is no prayer except the prescribed prayer.” This applies to the one to whom the command to pray in congregation is addressed or to the one who is present in the mosque when the iqaamah for prayer has been given. With regard to the woman who is in her house or a man who is excused for not attending prayers in congregation, they are not addressed in this hadeeth, so they may offer the naafil prayer even when they can hear the iqaamah from the mosques.

The same applies to a man if he wants to pray in a mosque other than the one in which the iqaamah has been given; he may offer the naafil prayer in his house.

It says in Kashshaaf al-Qinaa‘ (1/460): If the iqaamah has been given, i.e., the muezzin has started to give the iqaamah for the prayer the he wants to offer behind the imam (then he should not do any naafil prayer), otherwise he may do so, such as if the iqaamah is given in a mosque in which he does not intend to pray. This was stated in al-Furoo‘. To sum up, there should be no prayer except the prescribed prayer (after the iqaamah has been given), so he should not start any naafil prayer or any regular Sunnah prayer, before Fajr or otherwise, in the mosque or elsewhere, or even in his house, because the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “When the iqaamah for prayer is given, there is no prayer except the prescribed prayer.” End quote.

For more information see the answer to question no. 33582

And Allah knows best. Continue reading

Is it prescribed to pray when an earthquake happens or there are strong winds?

If there is an earthquake or other signs in some land, is it prescribed for its people to pray ?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Yes, it is mustahabb to pray when one of these signs happens, such as eclipses, earthquakes, violent storms, persistent and frightening winds, and destructive floods, because it is narrated in a saheeh report from Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allah be pleased with him) that he prayed when an earthquake struck Basra, offering a prayer like the eclipse prayer. Then he said: This is how prayers should be offered at the time of these signs.

Narrated by Ibn Abi Shaybah, 2/472; ‘Abd ar-Razzaaq, 3/101; al-Bayhaqi in as-Sunan al-Kubra, 3/343. And he said: This is proven from Ibn ‘Abbaas. End quote. Classed as saheeh by al-Haafiz in Fath al-Baari, 2/521  Continue reading

Does bleeding caused by the IUD mean that one cannot pray?

I have and IUD put in. And I asked the wife of the Sheikh at my local mosque about the procedure of praying while i have the IUD. She said that I can pray, fast, read quran, and have relations with my husband even if I am bleeding. She said because it is not real blood it is just coil blood. Then I wasnt really sure with her answer, so I called another mosque and the Sheikh there said everything opposite. Can you please let me know which method is correct. Can I actually while I am bleeding if I have the IUD.

Praise be to Allaah.

Firstly:

The basic principle concerning the blood that comes from the woman is that it is menstrual blood, so long as the bleeding has not lasted for longer than fifteen days, after which it is istihaadah (non-menstrual vaginal bleeding) according to the majority of fuqaha’. According to some, it is menstrual blood so long as it has not lasted for longer than one month, after which it becomes istihaadah.

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allah have mercy on him) said:

If the strength of the opinion that there is no minimum or maximum limit for menses is established and it becomes clear that this is more correct view, then it should be noted that every time the woman sees natural blood for which there is no cause such as an injury and the like, then it is menstrual blood, without specifying a particular time frame or age, unless it is ongoing and never stops, or it stops for a short time such as one or two days in the month, in which case it is istihaadah. … Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah said: The basic principle concerning everything that comes out of the womb is that it is menses, unless there is evidence to show that it is istihaadah. He also said: Whatever happens of bleeding is menses, so long as it is not known whether it is bleeding from a vein or an injury. Just as this opinion is the stronger one in terms of evidence, it is also easier to understand and to act upon and apply, than what those who put a time limit on it suggested..

End quote from Risaalah min ad-Dima’ at-Tabee‘iyyah li’n-Nisa’  Continue reading

Can one pray istikhaarah with just one rak‘ah?

Can one pray istikhaarah with just one rak‘ah?.

Praise be to Allaah.

What appears to be the case is that the Sunnah of istikhaarah cannot be done by praying just one rak‘ah, because of the report narrated by Jaabir ibn ‘Abdullah (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to teach his companions to make istikhaarah in all things, just as he used to teach them soorahs from the Qur’aan. He said: ‘If any one of you is concerned about a decision he has to make, then let him pray two rak‘ahs of non-obligatory prayer…

Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 1166.  Continue reading

Is it prescribed to pray istikhaarah concerning divorce?

Is it permissible to pray istikhaarah concerning the issue of divorce?.

Praise be to Allaah.

It is prescribed to pray istikhaarah concerning permissible matters or when choosing between mustahabb matters. With regard to things that are obligatory, mustahabb, haraam or makrooh, it is not prescribed to pray istikhaarah concerning them.

It says in al-Mawsoo‘ah al-Fiqhiyyah, 3/243: There is no room for istikhaarah with regard to matters that are obligatory, haraam or makrooh. Rather it applies to things that are recommended and permissible. And with regard to recommended matters, istikhaarah should not be done to decide whether to do them or not, because they are required. Rather it should be done when there is a conflict, i.e., when there are two conflicting matters and one does not know which one to start with or limit himself to. With regard to permissible matters, one may pray istikhaarah when deciding whether to do them at all. End quote.  Continue reading

Her nifaas (postpartum bleeding) continued for nine months and she did not pray during that time

My friend continued to bleed following childbirth (nifaas) for nine months, and she did not pray during that time except rarely. What should she do now? 
If we say that the maximum length of nifaas is 60 days, then she still has six months of prayers to make up. How can she make them up?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Firstly:

We have previously discussed the difference of opinion among the scholars concerning the maximum length of nifaas; the most correct view is that it is forty days. See the answer to question no. 10488Continue reading

Her husband does not pray and he refuses to divorce her until she gives him the child

My Sister married her hasband almost 5 years, and got one 3 years old daughter. Her husband also born muslim, but he doesn’t follow the Islam rule. He not pray and fasting. She gave him time and try to told him with this issue. For the working also he was not working hard, just follow his feeling only. Sometimes he coudn’t earn even cent for family. He is a lazy person. He depend much on my family especially my income, because we stayed together in one house. And now she escape away from her husband over 1 year already, and she asked the husband to divoice her, but he refused unless she gave the daughter to him. But as I told you above, he not a good man, and drink alcohol some more. Ths excused just he not want to divoice my sister only. Now my sister working in oversea and the daughter she brought back to keep with my mother to take care, untill he know that the daughter with my mother he never come to visit his daughter. In this case I want to ask you how to divoice with him, because he not agree to divoice my sister. When I asked the Islamic teacher in my village, he said cannot divoice him unless he agree to divoice my sister himself and try to teach him to parctise and follow the Islam. But we try our best for over than 3 years to encourage him to pray and to fast, but he not follow. So pls help us what can we do?.

Praise be to Allaah.

If the husband does not pray then it is not permissible for your sister to stay with him, because the one who does not pray is a kaafir according to the sounder of the two scholarly opinions. See the answer to question no. 5208 and 6257

If he did not pray during the marriage, then the marriage is not valid but the child is to be attributed to him because she was born as the result of a marriage which both partners thought was valid.  Continue reading

Advice to a believing girl whose family do not let her pray or wear hijab

I am a 16 year old muslim girl, from a “non-practising muslim family”. I am the only one in the family who prays and try to follow Islam as good as I can. My family is against me praying and being a practising muslim. My mother dosnt want me to pray Isha and fajr prayer because it is too late/early. But I do it anyways, and I try to hide it as good as I can. And when she asks me if I pray those prayers I always lie about it and say I don’t, is it okay to lie in such a situation? Also I have quitted my job, I used to work at a pizza place and I sold pork pizza to the customers, my mother dosn’t know about this yet, and I have considered to lie, and say I got fired. Is it permissible for me to lie in such a situation?
And I have another issue: We are going to another country in next month, and I’ll miss zuhr and asr prayer, I am not allowed to pray at all in the train while we’re travelling. And when we arrive to our destination I am afraid that I’ll not be allowed to pray Isha and fajr prayer there… I don’t know what to do, and I have read that you can pray two prayers together, but I don’t know how? Should zuhr and asr prayer be prayed together like, you pray zuhr at the time of zuhr and right after that you pray asr? Or in some other way?
And if I miss more than one prayer, in what orders should they be made up? And I am also not allowed to wear the hijab, but I try my best to dress modestly.. Now that it’s summer my mother wants me to wear t-shirts & shorts. But I refuse totally to wear shorts, but sometimes I do wear t-shirts outside, she complains alot about my skin, because I’m pale, and she thinks the sun is healthy for me. But I hate to disobey Allah, and wear t-shirts, but I just get very upset when she yells at me and says she worries about me etc. I get really sad because I want to see her happy too.. But I don’t want to sin either.

Praise be to Allaah.

Firstly:

We were very happy to receive this message and we praise Allah, may He be exalted, for having enabled you to be keen to follow your religion, adhere to the commands of your Lord and be patient in putting up with the harm you encounter because of that. Allah, may He be exalted, commanded His slaves to be patient and persevere, and to be steadfast in obeying Him, no matter what harm they face. Allah, may He be exalted, says (interpretation of the meaning):

“O you who believe! Endure and be more patient (than your enemy), and guard your territory by stationing army units permanently at the places from where the enemy can attack you, and fear Allah, so that you may be successful”

[Aal ‘Imraan 3:200] Continue reading

They want to stop praying in the mosque and pray in the lecture hall to have an impact on non-Muslims

In the university where I study, we organize a da‘wah week every year, where we call the non-Muslims in the university to Islam using different techniques. This year, the organizers came up with a new idea; they suggested that we should offer one of the prayers in one of the university lecture halls instead of in the mosque. The aim of that is to show one of the rituals of Islam so that they would have more questions about Islam. But in fact I was not sure whether this way is acceptable, because if it is successful, they will repeat it several times in the coming years. What is the ruling on this action? If it is repeated every year, would it come under the heading of bid‘ah?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Firstly:

We appreciate your keenness to convey the message of Islam to people, and your keenness to implement the Sunnah and not go against sharee‘ah. We ask Allah, may He be exalted, to make things easy for you and to grant you the best of rewards.  Continue reading