Can he give the policeman money so that he will not fine him for breaking traffic rules?

I have a taxi. I have unintentionally passed a red light. If one does this intentionally the fine is 500 dinar and if he does it unintentionally the fine is about 150 dinar.
The question: 
The policeman asked me to buy him a meal in return for giving me my papers back and not fine me. Is this considered a bribe or just help?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Stopping at the traffic lights is obligatory, because they were set up in the public interest, to regulate the flow of traffic and protect lives and property. If people drove on the streets ignoring these signals, that would result in a great deal of trouble for them, as is well known.

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) issued a fatwa stating that it is not permissible to run a red light. He regarded that as coming under the heading of obeying the authorities, which is obligatory, because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“O you who believe! Obey Allaah and obey the Messenger (Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم), and those of you (Muslims) who are in authority”

[al-Nisa’ 4:59].

Liqaa’aat al-Baab il-Maftooh (3/178), question no. 1265  Continue reading

Should he give the policeman a bribe so that he won’t charge him a fine for speaking on the cell phone in the car?

In our country if you speak on a cell phone whilst driving, the traffic policeman will charge you a fine of 500 dinars. If you give him a bribe he will let you off, if you have money with you, and if you do not have money with you, he will put you in jail. What should I do?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Islam came to protect the five basic essentials: religion, reason, life, wealth and honour. There is no doubt that adhering to traffic laws plays a role in protecting people’s lives and wealth. Hence Islam requires the Muslims to adhere to these rules and regulations, especially when there is nothing in them that goes against sharee’ah; rather they are aimed at preserving people’s lives and property.

Going against these rules and regulations does not only bring harm to the driver himself, rather that affects other people too. The accidents that happen on the road as the result of going against these rules and regulations usually affect other parties too, which makes the transgressor more responsible and he will be burdened with numerous rulings such as diyah (blood money), fasting, paying compensation for damage done, and so on.

Punishing transgressors by making them pay fines is permissible according to sharee’ah. This is the view of Ishaaq ibn Raahayawh, Abu Yoosuf the companion of Abu Haneefah, Ibn Farhoon (who was a Maaliki), Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah and Ibn al-Qayyim. In his book al-Turuq al-Hukmiyyah Ibn al-Qayyim quoted a great deal of evidence that it is permissible to impose fines, and he quoted the words of Ibn Taymiyah concerning the matter, and refuted those who said it is abrogated.  Continue reading