Will the person who is suffering from depression be held accountable for what he says?

If a person has depression and psychological problems as a result of the pressures of life, will he be held accountable for what he says to himself, not out loud in front of people; rather he talks to himself under his breath and that may include – Allah forbid – reviling the divine decree and saying bad things about the Most Merciful, even if he regrets what he said later on but he cannot cope with the pressure ?.

Praise be to Allaah.

By the His mercy Allah, may He be exalted, does not bring a person to account for whispers in the heart (waswaas) and passing thoughts, as the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “Allaah, may He be glorified and exalted, will forgive my ummah for whatever crosses their minds so long as they do not act upon it or speak of it.”

Narrated by al-Bukhaari (5269) and Muslim (127).  Continue reading

Can a person who has a plaster cast, and is unable to do ghusl, do tayammum?

I had surgery on my knee joint and they put a plaster cast from the top to the bottom of my leg. During the first few days I could not even sit up, and I had a wet dream. Do I have to do ghusl, or is tayammum sufficient? I prayed for two days with tayammum, then I asked my relatives to wash me (ghusl), but then I had a wet dream on the second day, and it is very difficult for my relatives to wash me, so I waited a few days before they could do that. Are my prayers offered with tayammum valid?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Firstly:

In the answers to questions no. 69796 and 148062, we mentioned the ruling on wiping over a part of the body that is covered with a plaster cast, bandage or dressing, in which it says:

The part of the body that is covered with any of the things we have mentioned, or anything similar, is to be wiped over if it is possible to do that without causing any harm, whether in wudoo’ or ghusl. If the part of the body is not covered, then it should be washed if possible. If that is not possible because it will result in harm such as increased pain or sickness, or delayed healing, then it should be wiped over. If he cannot do either, then he should wash the parts that he is able to wash – in both wudoo’ and ghusl – and do tayammum, after he has finished washing with water, for that part that the water could not reach. End quote.

Based on that, what you have to do when doing ghusl is to wash all of your body with water, except the part where the plaster cast is; it is sufficient to wipe over. Thus your ghusl will be complete and there will be no need for tayammum.  Continue reading

Giving zakaah to a poor person so that he can go for Hajj

Is it permissible to give zakaah to a poor person so that he can perform the obligation of Hajj?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Allaah has mentioned the things on which zakaah is to be spent in the verse (interpretation of the meaning):

“As-Sadaqaat (here it means Zakaah) are only for the Fuqaraa’ (poor), and Al-Masaakeen (the poor) and those employed to collect (the funds); and to attract the hearts of those who have been inclined (towards Islam); and to free the captives; and for those in debt; and for Allaah’s Cause (i.e. for Mujaahidoon — those fighting in a holy battle), and for the wayfarer (a traveller who is cut off from everything); a duty imposed by Allaah. And Allaah is All-Knower, All-Wise”

[al-Tawbah 9:60]

The scholars are agreed that the phrase “for Allaah’s Cause” refers to jihad for the sake of Allaah. But they differed as to whether Hajj is included with jihad or not.  Continue reading

If a person is hired to do a job, it is permissible for him to hire someone else to do it

Is it permissible to sell projects or jobs, such as when a person takes on a job in his own name from an institution for 300 million, for example, and he gives it to a subcontractor to do it for 250 million?.

Praise be to Allaah.

There is nothing wrong with selling jobs or contracts. This is like when a person is hired to do some construction work or the like; there is nothing wrong with him hiring someone else to do the actual work, but that is subject to two conditions:

-1-

The institution should not have stipulated in its contract that the person hired must do the work himself and must not sell it to a third party, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The Muslims are bound by their conditions.” Narrated by Abu Dawood, 359; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood.  Continue reading

Meat slaughtered by a mute person

In the slaughterhouse there is a mute butcher. We want to know how he can say the name of Allaah over the animal being slaughtered.

Praise be to Allaah.

Ibn Qudaamah said:

He (al-Khirqi) said: if he is mute, then he may point to the sky.

Ibn al-Mundhir said: all of the scholars from whom we gained knowledge were agreed that meat slaughtered by a mute person is halaal. (Those scholars) include al-Layth, al-Shaafa’i, Ishaaq and Abu Thawr. This is also the view of al-Shu’bi, Qutaadah and al-Hasan ibn Saalih.

Since this is proven, then he should point towards the sky, because this gesture will take the place of speaking. His pointing towards the sky indicates that he intends to mention the One Who is above the heavens.

Al-Shu’bi said something similar to this.  Continue reading

From where should a person who did not pass the meeqaat enter ihraam?

If a pilgrim does not pass any of the known meeqaats, from where should he enter ihraam?.

Praise be to Allaah.

If he does not pass any of these meeqaats, he should see where he comes in line with the nearest meeqaat and enter ihraam from there. If he passes along a route between Yalamlam and Qarn al-Manaazil, he should see which is closer, and when he comes in line with the one that is closer, he should enter ihraam from that point. This is indicated by the fact that the people of Iraq came to ‘Umar and said: “O Ameer al-Mu’mineen, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) stated that the meeqaat for the people of Najd was Qarn but it is far out of our way.” ‘Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: “See where you come in line with it on your route.” So he told them to see where they came in line with Qarn al-Manaazil and to enter ihraam from that point. This is how it is narrated in Saheeh al-Bukhaari. This ruling of ‘Umar’s teaches us something important, which is that those who come by plane with the intention of performing Hajj and ‘Umrah, and pass these meeqaats from above or to the right or left, should enter ihraam when they come in line with these meeqaats, and it is not permissible for them to delay entering ihraam until they land in Jeddah, as many people do. That goes against what the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) taught, and Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“And whosoever transgresses the set limits of Allaah, then indeed he has wronged himself”

[al-Talaaq 65:1]  Continue reading

Ruling on the fasting of a person who wrongs others

What is the ruling on the fasting of a Muslim who wrongs others?.

Praise be to Allaah.

It is certain that the one who is fasting has to avoid haraam things, such as backbiting, lying, gossiping, wronging others etc., because the purpose of fasting is not only to refrain from eating, drinking and having intercourse, rather the aim behind it is to fear Allaah, as Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“O you who believe! Observing As-Sawm (the fasting) is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you, that you may become Al-Muttaqoon (the pious)”

[al-Baqarah 2:183]  Continue reading

Ruling on an elderly person who is unable to fast

My mother is very old and she became very sick last year. She was only able to fast ten days, and she is weak and cannot cope with fasting. My question is: how can I make up for her the days that she did not fast?.

Praise be to Allaah.

If she cannot fast because she is sick, but there is the hope that she will recover and become able to fast later on, then she has to make up the days that she did not fast in Ramadaan, because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“and whoever is ill or on a journey, the same number [of days which one did not observe Sawm (fasts) must be made up] from other days”

[al-Baqarah 2:185]

But if she cannot fast and there is no hope that she will be able to do so in the future because of sickness or old age, then she does not have to fast, but she has to feed one poor person for each day.  Continue reading

Is it obligatory to feed sixty poor persons in one go? Can he feed his family with what he offers as expiation (kafaarah)?

I deliberately broke the fast one day in Ramadan and I want to feed sixty poor persons. My question is: Is it stipulated to feed them in one go or can I feed four poor persons each day, for example, or three poor persons? Is it permissible for me to feed poor persons if they are members of my family, such as my father, mother and siblings?.

Praise be to Allaah.

If a person breaks the fast in Ramadan by doing something other than having intercourse, he does not have to offer expiation, according to the correct view. Rather what he has to do is repent and make up the day on which the fast was broken. If he broke the fast by having intercourse, then he has to repent and make up that day, and the expiation for that is freeing a believing slave. If that is not possible, then he should fast for two consecutive months. If he is not able to do that, then he should feed sixty poor persons.

If he decides to feed poor people because he is unable to do the first two options, namely freeing a slave or fasting for two months, it is permissible to give the food to the poor in one go, or he may give it in stages, according to what he is able to do. But it is essential to cover the reuired number of poor persons. And it is not permissible to give the food offered as an expiation to one’s ascendants (fathers, mothers, grandfathers and grandmothers) or to one’s descendants (children and grandchildren, both male and female).

And Allah is the source of strength. May Allah sent blessings and peace upon our Prophet Muhammad and his family and Companions.

End quote.

Standing Committee for Academic Research and Issuing Fatwas  Continue reading

There is nothing wrong with giving the entire fidyah to one poor person

Is it permissible for one who is unable to fast to feed one poor person for thirty days or to feed thirty poor persons on one day?.

Praise be to Allaah.

The one who is unable to fast on an ongoing basis is obliged to feed one poor person for each day that he does not fast, because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“And as for those who can fast with difficulty, (e.g. an old man), they have (a choice either to fast or) to feed a Miskeen (poor person) (for every day)”

[al-Baqarah 2:18 ]

Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: This has not been abrogated. It refers to an old man or old woman who is not able to fast; they should feed one poor person for each day. Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 4505.  Continue reading