Does everyone who goes against the Sunnah fall into bid‘ah (innovation)? Notes on the meaning of following

I have read many fatwa’s about innovation and my question is. If the prophet (peace be upon him) practiced something. Do we have to practise EXACTLY as he did it? If we dont do it EXACTLY then is it innovation? Because i’ve read a lot of the fatwa’s and in a lot of it many of the practices are considered BIDAH. For example the Prophet (Peace be Upon him) did emphasize on the virtue of Dua in congrenation. Now if its practised after fardh salaah why is it an innovation? Is the sunnah of the prophet subject to exactly the way he did, the time he did etc etc. If we do it at a different time is it innovation? say for example if its sunnah to read Surah Kahf on friday. Now if I read surah kahf every monday and tuesday, will it be considered a bidah? Im still making Ibadah. Why is it subject to TIME?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Firstly:

No doubt it is obligatory for the Muslim to be a follower of his Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) in what he prescribed and it is not permissible for him to go against that or to introduce any innovation into the religion, because of the evidence that indicates that it is obligatory to follow and it is forbidden to introduce innovation. But it should be noted that differing from the way of the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) and falling into bid‘ah may mean one of two things:

(i)

introducing an act of worship for which there is no basis in Islam, such as touching graves and seeking help from their occupants. The scholars call this real innovation (al-bid‘ah al-haqeeqah). This is that which was not prescribed at all. Continue reading

Ruling on buying study notes for which the owner has not given permission for them to be copied and sold

My relative is asking me this question and is waiting for a response.
She has tests and she was making copies of notes belonging to another girl who had notes on a subject that my relative does not have. 
When she asked her permission to copy the notes she had, the other girl apologised and said that the notes did not belong to her. When the girl left, my relative was surprised when the library worker gave her papers that were copies of the other girl’s notes. My relative took them and paid for them, but she does not want to start revising from them until she finds out the ruling. Please note that the notes are in her house right now, and I believe that they are the only source she has for revising this subject and she does not know the girl who owns the original notes.

Praise be to Allaah.

What the library worker did of copying the notes without the owner’s permission is a transgression and wrongdoing. It is not permissible for one who knows the situation to copy or buy these notes; if he does so, then he is a partner in the transgression and sin. Intellectual property rights — such as written works and inventions — are protected and belong to the authors; it is not permissible to transgress against them. For more information, please see the answer to question no. 129191

Based on that, your relative does not have the right to make use of these notes; rather she should return them to the library and get her money back. And she should advise the library worker and point out her mistake to her.

If she needs notes on this subject, she should look for them among her friends or in other libraries.

And Allah knows best. Continue reading