Celebrating the night of the Isra’ and Mi’raaj

What is the ruling on Celebrating the night of the Isra’ and Mi’raaj, which is the twenty-seventh night of Rajab?.

Praise be to Allaah.

There is no doubt that the Isra’ and Mi’raaj (the Prophet’s Night Journey and Ascent into heaven) are two great signs of Allaah which point to the truthfulness of the His Messenger Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), and the greatness of his status before Allaah. They are also signs of the great power of Allaah, and of His exalted position above His creation. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“Glorified (and Exalted) be He (Allaah) [above all that (evil) they associate with Him]

Who took His slave (Muhammad) for a journey by night from Al‑Masjid Al‑Haraam (at Makkah) to Al‑Masjid Al‑Aqsa (in Jerusalem), the neighbourhood whereof We have blessed, in order that We might show him (Muhammad) of Our Ayaat (proofs, evidences, lessons, signs, etc.). Verily, He is the All‑Hearer, the All‑Seer”

[al-Isra’ 17:1] Continue reading

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He wants to put the prayers together on a permanent basis because he works at night

I have got a job that requires me to work the night shift, and this means that I have to sleep during the day. Is it permissible for me to put Zuhr prayer together with ‘Asr, and Maghrib with ‘Isha’, on a permanent basis, so long as I have the night shift at work? I want to put them together so that I do not interrupt my sleep a great deal.

Praise be to Allaah.

What is required is to regularly offer the prayers at the proper times, in obedience to the command of Allah (interpretation of the meaning):

“Guard strictly (five obligatory) AsSalawat (the prayers) especially the middle Salat (i.e. the best prayer Asr). And stand before Allah with obedience (and do not speak to others during the Salat (prayers)).”

[al-Baqarah 2:238]

“Verily, the prayer is enjoined on the believers at fixed hours”

[an-Nisa’ 4:103]

and so as to avoid being included in the words of Allah (interpretation of the meaning):

“Then, there has succeeded them a posterity who have given up As-Salat (the prayers) (i.e. made their Salat (prayers) to be lost, either by not offering them or by not offering them perfectly or by not offering them in their proper fixed times, etc.) and have followed lusts. So they will be thrown in Hell”

[Maryam 19:59]. Continue reading

Is it permissible to bury the dead at night?

If a person dies before midnight, or after midnight, is it permissible to bury him at night? Or is it not permissible to bury him until after the sun has risen?

Praise be to Allaah.

It is permissible to bury the dead at night, because Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him) narrated that “A man died whom the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to visit (during his illness). He died at night and they buried him at night, and when morning came, they informed him (the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)). He said, ‘What kept you from telling me?’ They said, ‘It was night, and it was dark, and we did not like to disturb you.’ He went to his grave and prayed for him.” (Narrated by al-Bukhaari and Muslim). He did not rebuke them for burying him at night; rather he rebuked his companions for not telling him about that until the morning. When they gave him their excuses, he accepted them. Continue reading

Who are those who are excused for not spending the night in Mina?

The Messenger (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) gave a concession allowing spending the night outside Mina for the drawers of water and others. What analogy can be made in modern times?.

Praise be to Allaah.

The Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) granted a concession to al-‘Abbaas allowing him to spend the night in Makkah so that he could draw water for the pilgrims, and this is a public service. Similarly, he granted a concession to herdsmen allowing them not to spend the night in Mina, because they were taking care of the pilgrims’ mounts. These are like those who do not spend the night there in order to take care of the people’s interests, such as doctors and firefighters and so on. These people do not have to spend the night there, because the people need them.  Continue reading

Going out of Mina by day and coming back at night during the days of al-Tashreeq

I am from Riyadh, and I want to go for Hajj with some friends of mine from Jeddah. During the days of al-Tashreeq in Mina I want to go to Jeddah to rest, then come back to Mina at night to spend most of the night in Mina, between 10 p.m. and 4 a.m. 
My question is: is it permissible for me to go to Jeddah every day during the days of al-Tashreeq and come back to Mina at night? How many hours of the night must I spend in Mina so that I will have stayed overnight in Mina?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Firstly:

The Sunnah is for the pilgrim to stay in Mina throughout the day, following the example of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), who did not leave Mina except to do Tawaaf al-Ifaadah. And he must stay in Mina for most of the night.

There is no sin on him if he departs from Mina during the day to go to Makkah or elsewhere, especially if that is because there is no place to stay.  Continue reading

She has a boyfriend who touches her intimately during the night in Ramadaan

I have heard that sex is permitted during night time in ramazdan. my problem is that i have a boyfriend ( for 3 years now ) and I engage in the usual hugging, kissing and intimate touching but we have not had sexual intercourse, and do not plan to do so since it is highly forbidden. i need to know if what i am doing is haraam and what the punishment is, and if it is regarded as a bigger sin during ramazan during night time. if i repent will i be forgiven?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Undoubtedly having boyfriends and girlfriends is a major sin. Intercourse and touching are only permissible for husbands and wives, or for a man with his female slave (concubine). It is haraam for you to have a boyfriend, and it is haraam for both of you to shake hands or to be alone together, let alone hugging, kissing and touching. All of that comes under the heading of zina al-jawaarih (fornication of the limbs). It is haraam at times other than Ramadaan, and during Ramadaan the prohibition is even stronger because of the sanctity of the month, whether it is done at night or during the day.  Continue reading

Can he observe a fast on behalf of one who is sick during the night in Ramadaan?

If another member of your family is unwell, does it count as a fast if you keep a 24 hour one (without eating at sehri)?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Firstly:

If a person is sick and unable to fast, one of the following two scenarios must apply: either his sickness is temporary, so he is allowed not to fast and he has to make up the fast after he recovers and becomes able to fast, or his sickness is chronic, in which case he is allowed not to fast but he must feed one poor person for each day.

See the answer to question no. 37761Continue reading

When does Taraaweeh prayer start in Ramadaan – on the first night or the second?

When should we start to pray Taraaweeh prayer, on the night of the first day of Ramadaan (when the moon is sighted or the previous month is completed) or after ‘Isha’ prayer on the first day of Ramadaan?.

Praise be to Allaah.

It is prescribed for the Muslim to perform Taraaweeh prayer after ‘Isha’ on the first night of Ramadaan, which is the night on which the new moon is sighted or the Muslims complete thirty days of Sha’baan.

Similarly at the end of Ramadaan, Taraaweeh prayer should not be offered if it is proven that the month has ended, either by sighting of the new moon of Eid or if the month of thirty days has been completed.

It is clear that Taraaweeh prayer is not connected to the fast during the day in Ramadaan, rather it is connected to the onset of the month at night in the beginning, and the last day of Ramadaan at the end.

We should not say that Taraaweeh prayer is a naafil prayer and it is permissible to offer it on any night and in congregation, because taraaweeh prayer is limited to the month of Ramadaan, and those who offer this prayer are seeking the reward that comes for praying it. The ruling on offering this prayer in congregation is different from the ruling on offering other prayers in congregation. In Ramadaan it is permissible to pray taraaweeh in congregation on each night, whilst announcing it and encouraging others to join, unlike qiyaam at other times, where praying qiyaam in congregation is not part of the Sunnah unless it is done without having the intention beforehand, or it is done for the purpose of encouraging and teaching others.  So it is Sunnah to do it sometimes without committing to doing it all the time or persisting in that.  Continue reading

Can he pray Witr twice in one night if he prays after the imam?

I want to ask whether at the end of Taraaweeh prayer we should pray al-Shaf’ [two rak’ahs of naafil prayer] and Witr? I heard that the last prayer you pray should be Witr. Does that mean that if I get up to pray qiyaam al-layl I should pray al-Shaf’ and Witr again, or should I delay them until I pray qiyaam and then pray it?.

Praise be to Allaah.

If the Muslim prays Witr then he wants to pray qiyaam al-layl after that, he should pray them two by two, and he does not have to repeat Witr.

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) commanded that the last prayer offered at night should be Witr, but this command is in the sense that is it mustahabb, not obligatory. See Question no. 37729Continue reading

What is the best night to pray qiyaam if you can only do that once each month?

If u can only pray qiymum laylul weekly, when is the best day of the week? if u can only pray it monthly, when i the best day of the month?.

Praise be to Allaah.

There is no particular night which Islam tells us to single out from the other nights of the week or the month, rather you can pray whenever it is easy for you to do so and when you feel energetic. If you can pray qiyaam on more than one night each week or each month, that is better for you than praying only one night.

You should avoid singling out the night before Jumu’ah for praying qiyaam, because of the clear prohibition on doing so.

It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Do not single out the night of Friday from other nights for praying qiyaam, and do not single out Friday from other days for fasting, unless it is part of a fast that one of you regularly observes.” Narrated by Muslim, 1144.

Al-Nawawi said:

This hadeeth clearly indicates that it is forbidden to single out the night of Friday from other nights for praying, and to single out that day for fasting. It is unanimously agreed (among the scholars) that this is makrooh.

Sharh Muslim, 8/20.

But if a person prays qiyaam on Friday night, not because he is singling it out because it is Friday, but because it is a day when he is off work, then there is nothing wrong with that. Similarly if he fasts on a Friday because it is a day when he is off work, there is nothing wrong with that.  Continue reading