Ruling on taking the Mushaf out of the mosque or replacing it with another

I am the imam of a mosque and in the mosque there are more than 250 copies of the Qur’aan, as in all mosques. As you know, most of them are not read and have stayed on the bookshelf for perhaps 20 years. Of course some of them have been put there by the Department of Awqaaf (Islamic endowments) and some have been put there by people or by the mosque committee. Some worshippers want to take a copy to read and some cannot afford to buy their own copy, and others say: Even if I could afford to buy a copy, how long will these copies stay in the mosques? Is it permissible for me to give some of these copies to them (especially if he takes a large copy and replaces it with a small one)?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Firstly:

If a Mushaf has been given as a waqf to a specific mosque, it is not permissible to take it out of the mosque to read it at home or replace it with another one.

The scholars of the Standing Committee (16/19) were asked: Is it permissible to take the Mushaf out of the Haram to read it at home?

They replied:

If Mushafs and books have been given as a waqf for people to benefit from in a specific place, it is not permissible to take them elsewhere, whether a Haram or somewhere else, unless the place where they were put is no longer in operation, in which case they should be moved to somewhere where they may be as beneficial or more so. End quote.

Standing Committee for Academic Research and Issuing Fatwas. Continue reading

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He entered the mosque and prayed on his own then left before the prayer in congregation

A person entered the mosque at the time of the adhaan for ‘Asr, then he prayed and did not wait for the iqaamah (call immediately preceding the prayer) to be given, because he had something to do. Is that permissible or is it not permissible to pray until the iqaamah for the prayer is given?.

Praise be to Allaah.

The Muslim should pray in congregation in the mosque if he is able to do so.

This has been discussed with the evidence in the answer to question no. 120

If he has an excuse, then there is nothing wrong with him praying before the congregational prayer on his own, then leaving.

One excuse is if he remembers that he has some property that he fears may be stolen, or he has a family member who is sick and he has to stay with him, or he has an appointment and will be adversely affected by not attending it, and other excuses that make it permissible to waive the duty to attend prayer in congregation.

And Allah knows best. Continue reading

Should the mosque be sold or demolished when the inhabitants leave?

We have a mosque in our location where we say our regular prayer including JUMMA prayer. Now we are leaving the complex and this complex is going to be handed over to another people who are non-muslims. Basically it is their complex. We have been here for our temporary duty for six years. Now after comletion of our duty we leaving it to them. So. what to do with the mosque? Should we break it down or keep it as it? As they are non-muslims، none is going to say prayer there unless Allah wishes otherwise. Again if we leave it as it is there is scope of misuse. Please advise us what to do with the mosque?.

Praise be to Allaah.

If the waqf is no longer of benefit and it is not possible to benefit from it, it is permissible to sell it according to the correct scholarly opinion, whether it is a mosque or anything else. If the people of the mosque are moving to another place and there will no longer be any one who could benefit from it, it is permissible to sell it and use the money to build another mosque.  Continue reading

When does a place become a mosque?

I would like to know what is the criteria for a masjid? So in other words what are the necessary conditions a building/room must fulfil to be considered a masjid? And if a place does not fulfil one of such criteria but the 5 congregational prayers are made routine in such a place, is it then the same as praying in congregation at home?.

Praise be to Allaah.

A masjid or mosque is a place which is prepared for the purpose of offering the five daily prayers on a permanent basis and is devoted for that purpose.

A place becomes a mosque when general permission is given to pray in it, whether it is stated clearly that it is a waqf or endowment given for the sake of Allah, or it is not stated, according to the majority of scholars apart from the Shaafa‘is. See: al-Mawsoo‘ah al-Fiqhiyyah, 37/220

Ibn Qudaamah (may Allah have mercy on him) said: A waqf is valid if it is established verbally or by means of actions which indicate that, such as if a person builds a mosque and give the people permission to pray in it, or he establishes a graveyard and gives people permission to bury the dead in it, because that is the custom and it indicates that something is a waqf. So it is permissible to establish it by means of that (action), as it may also be established verbally. That is like when a person presents food to his guests. End quote from al-Kaafi, 2/250

A mosque is no longer the property of the one who establishes it, because it is a waqf, so it is not permissible for him to sell it.  Continue reading

They want to stop praying in the mosque and pray in the lecture hall to have an impact on non-Muslims

In the university where I study, we organize a da‘wah week every year, where we call the non-Muslims in the university to Islam using different techniques. This year, the organizers came up with a new idea; they suggested that we should offer one of the prayers in one of the university lecture halls instead of in the mosque. The aim of that is to show one of the rituals of Islam so that they would have more questions about Islam. But in fact I was not sure whether this way is acceptable, because if it is successful, they will repeat it several times in the coming years. What is the ruling on this action? If it is repeated every year, would it come under the heading of bid‘ah?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Firstly:

We appreciate your keenness to convey the message of Islam to people, and your keenness to implement the Sunnah and not go against sharee‘ah. We ask Allah, may He be exalted, to make things easy for you and to grant you the best of rewards.  Continue reading

They do not know whether the earnings of those who send food to the mosque are halaal

During ramzan a lot of muslim brothers send iftar items to the mosque and the people do the iftar with this items.what will happen to our fast if we do the iftar with the items send by a person whose earnings are haram(like bank employee,etc). we cannot know who send what in the masjid. Please clarify this.

Praise be to Allaah.

It is not essential, indeed it is not wise and it serves no interest, to ask about the source of income of those brothers who send food, because that involves too much unnecessary effort. The basic principle concerning the wealth, food and drink of the Muslims is that it is permissible unless it becomes apparent to you that it is otherwise.

If a Muslim knows that this food was bought with haraam earnings, then he should avoid it.

We have already answered several similar questions. Please see nos. 5559, 4820, 37711

And Allaah knows best.  Continue reading

Ruling on selling Islamic tapes and books in the mosque

Is it permissible to sell things inside the mosque for charitable purposes, where the profits will be used to help a charitable organization, i.e., helping Muslim orphans and poor people – for example, selling books and tapes, and donating all the proceeds to the charity work?

Praise be to Allaah.

It is not permissible to buy or sell in the mosque, whether that involves books or anything else, even if the proceeds are to benefit orphans etc. But there is nothing wrong with putting them in a special box and writing the prices on them, and putting a money-box with it so that whoever wants a copy can put the money in the money-box and take a copy, without any bargaining, haggling, offering or acceptance. And Allaah knows best. Continue reading

The imam of the mosque is telling the muezzin that he has to pay a salary to the cleaner who is working instead of the official cleaner who does not do any work!

I started a job in a mosque, as a muezzin, but when I agreed to work there, the imam stipulated a number of conditions, as follows: 
1. I have to give the Bengali cleaner a monthly salary of no more than 800 riyals and no less than 500 riyals, from my own salary which is 1350 riyals.
2. I am responsible for renewing his annual visa (iqaamah), which costs 300 riyals.
3. I am responsible for his ticket back home every 2½ years, which costs 1300 riyals.
4. I should not evict the tenants who are living in the muezzin’s accommodation, and I had to agree to the rent of 18,000 riyals, even though this accommodation is worth a rent of approximately 24,000 riyals. 
Please note that this mosque is registered with the Ministry of Islamic Affairs, i.e., it is a government mosque and it has a Saudi cleaner who receives a full salary, but does not do any work in the mosque. Why should I bear all of these conditions and obligations? Does the imam have the right to stipulate these conditions when he is an employee and I am an employee?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Firstly:

The imam does not have the right to oblige you to do what you have mentioned, when he is an employee like you and has no authority over you in this regard. You have to refer the matter to the Mosques Department.  Continue reading

Building a mosque with haraam wealth

Is it permissible to use money paid by fire insurance to rebuild the jaami’ mosque? Please note that it is an insurance company in the west.

Praise be to Allaah.

Commercial insurance is haraam, because it is a kind of gambling which Allaah has forbidden in His Book. This has been explained in the answer to question no. 8889.

Based on this, it is not permissible to enter into commercial insurance transactions, whether the insurance is against fire or anything else, and whether it is for the mosque or anything else. If a person is compelled to take out insurance, then he may do that, but he does not have the right to make use of the money paid by the insurance, except that which is commensurate with what he paid. Anything more than that should be spent on the public interests of the Muslims, which includes building mosques. The scholars have stated that this is one of the things on which haraam wealth which does not have a specific owner or whose owner is not known may be spent. Continue reading

It is not permissible to dispose of wealth given as a waqf for the mosque by lending or borrowing

What is the ruling on borrowing or lending to someone money that belongs to the mosque, that was collected to spend on what the mosque needs?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Money that is collected to be spent on the mosques and what they need is money that is part of a waqf and it is not permissible for the one who is in charge of it to borrow any of it for himself or to lend any of it to anyone. He is entrusted with this money to spend it in the manner dictated by those who donated it, which in this case is what the mosque needs, and it is not permissible to dispose of it in any other way.  Continue reading