It is haraam for a man to shake hands with a non-mahram woman in the Maaliki madhhab

I want to know in what reference it says that Imam Maalik forbade a man to shake hands with a non-mahram woman. 
There is an opinion which says that there are four possible scenarios, and in only one is it regarded as haraam for a man to shake hands with a non-mahram woman. These four scenarios are: when the one who is shaking hands does it for the sake of pleasure and finds pleasure in it; when he does it for the sake of pleasure but does not find pleasure in it; when he does not do it for the sake of pleasure but finds pleasure in it; and when he does not do it for the sake of pleasure and does not find pleasure in it.
Who is the author of this opinion? Does he belong to the Maaliki madhhab?.

Praise be to Allaah.


In Mukhtasar al-Akhdari and other Maaliki books there is an indication that it is haraam to shake hands with a non-mahram woman according to the madhhab of Maalik (may Allah have mercy on him).

‘Aleesh said in Minah al-Jaleel Sharh Mukhtasar Khaleel (1/22): It is not permissible for a man to touch the face or hand of a non-mahram woman, and it is not permissible for them to put their hands together without a barrier. ‘Aa’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) said: The Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) never accepted the oath of allegiance (bay‘ah) of a woman by holding her hand; he would accept women’s oath of allegiance verbally. According to another report: His hand never touched the hand of a woman; rather he would accept their oath of allegiance verbally. End quote. Continue reading

Ruling on making a game engine and open source which will be used to make both permissible and haraam games

I want to work on an open source & free game engine will I get azab-e-jariah if people use it to create games involving things which are prohibited. Since its licensed under GPL I cannot control what people want to do with it. If yes then what if the features I code arent directly involved with creation of these (prohibited) things like image compostior, water refraction scripts etc. instead of modelling and animation tools.

Praise be to Allaah.

If this engine and open source will mostly be used to make permissible games, then it is permissible to make it.

If it will mostly be used for haraam things, it is not permissible.

This general principle applies to manufacturing and producing anything that may be used for either halaal or haraam purposes, when it is not known what each user will use it for. Attention should be paid to the way in which it is mostly used by people, because when it is not possible to know about each user, it is sufficient to know what is usually the case. If what is usually the case is that it is used for haraam purposes, it is not permissible to help with it, because of the prohibition on helping others in sin and transgression.

It says in Fataawa al-Lajnah ad-Daa’imah (13/109): Everything that will be used in a haraam manner or it is thought most likely that it will be used in that manner, it is haraam to manufacture it or import it or sell it or distribute it among the Muslims. End quote.

For more information please see question no. 2898, 98769 and 71170

And Allah knows best. Continue reading

Should he lend money to his sister when he knows that she is going to pay back the loan with haraam money?

May Allah bless you for this good website. My question is:
My husband’s sister gets unemployment benefit from France, but she goes against the conditions for getting this assistance. For example, she lives in Algeria with her husband, who has a job, but she lied and told them that she was living in France and that her husband was not working. And she avoids having interviews with them on the grounds that she is pregnant at the time. The problem is that my husband has lent her some money to buy a house, on condition that she pay him back in instalments from the money that she gets as assistance. Please note that she is able to rent a house, because her husband has a good salary. 
I want to know whether there is any sin on my husband, because he knows the source of this money? What is the ruling on the money that he takes from her as repayment of the loan? 
If my husband’s sister wants to repent, does she have to return this money? 
I would like you to advise our Muslim brothers who take this assistance, which I call it a test or trial, because it weakens their character and religious commitment, and they become followers of the kuffaar and are treated in a manner about which the least that may be said is that it is despicable.

Praise be to Allaah.

It is not permissible for your husband’s sister to get the unemployment benefit mentioned, because she has gone against the conditions of entitlement. The money that she has taken is haraam, and she has to return it to its rightful owners. But there is nothing wrong with your husband lending money to her, even if he knows that she is going to pay back the loan with this money, because he is taking the money in a manner that is acceptable according to sharee‘ah, and the sin is on the one who acquires it; the loan is the responsibility of the borrower and there is no deal concerning the haraam wealth itself.

Dr. ‘Abdullah ibn Muhammad al-‘Imraani was asked about a man who lent someone some money, and he wants to ask for it back now, but the person who borrowed it is going to pay it back with haraam wealth. He replied: The borrower has to pay back what he owes of debts with whatever he earns in a permissible manner. The lender has the right to ask the borrower to repay the debt without asking about how he acquired the money.

If the borrower gives the lender money that is haraam in the way in which he acquired it, it is permissible for the lender because the way he is acquiring it is different, and the sin is on the borrower.  Continue reading

Questions about haraam wealth and benefiting from it before and after repenting

I have a brother who works in a foreign country. He has a disco and two restaurants, but he sells alcohol in them and he wants to repent to Allah.
The first question is: what is the ruling on the money that he used to send to his mother and two sisters, noting that one of his sisters has a job and is able to spend on the household. As for me, I am still studying and I cannot spend on them.
The second question is: he has a brother who is married and has a family of six; he wanted to start a halaal business and needed some of the money, so (the first brother) gave him some and they became equal partners in this venture. What is the ruling on the money generated by this business?
The third question is: we can say that all of his wealth comes from the disco and the two restaurants. What must he do with the money after he repents? Please note that he is married to a foreign woman and he has a son aged twelve. Is it permissible for him to use the money and spend it on his family?
The fourth question is: is it permissible to borrow some of this money without interest in order to set up a halaal business, then pay off the loan with money earned through this business? 
The fifth question is: he used to give charity from his wealth to some poor families in his city and he set aside monthly living expenses for some families. What is the ruling on this money for these families who received it? Will he have hasanaat (the reward for good deeds) from this wealth?.

Praise be to Allaah.

It is haraam to set up discos and work in them, as it is also haraam to sell alcohol. The wealth that is earned from that is evil, haraam earnings, because when Allah forbids a thing, He also forbids its price. The Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) stated that alcohol is cursed, as are the one who sells it, the one who drinks it and the one who carries it, as it says in the hadeeth narrated by Abu Dawood (3674) and Ibn Maajah (3380). It was narrated that Ibn ‘Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allaah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “Allaah has cursed khamr and the one who drinks it, the one who pours it, the one who sells it, the one who buys it, the one who squeezes it, the one for whom it is squeezed, the one who carries it and the one to whom it is carried.”

Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood.  Continue reading

He wants to commit haraam actions then repent

I was just wondering if some says he will drink and do zinna and do haram stuff and then he will repent will his repentence be accepted.

Praise be to Allaah.


This questioner – may Allah guide him – does not realise that he has already disobeyed Allah, may He be exalted, by saying this even if he has not committed the sins that he stated clearly he would commit.


It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “Allaah, may He be glorified and exalted, will forgive my ummah for whatever crosses their minds so long as they do not act upon it or speak of it.”

Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 4968; Muslim, 127.  Continue reading

Disposing of riba income received before one came to know that it is haraam

Assalamu alaikum,
A person used to receive interest on his bank deposits. He later learnt it is forbidden (haraam) and ceased to receive interest. Later on, he feels he should give out this money to complete the conditions for his repentance (tawba).
However, there are two problems :
1- He cannot calculate the exact amount of all the money
he previously obtained from bank interests.
2- The savings this person has now, are surely less than what
he obtained from bank interest over the years.
Given the above, please answer the following questions :
1- Is it a condition of this person’s tawba to give out the exact equivalent of all the money he received from bank interest ?
2- If the answer to the first question is ‘yes’, then must he immediately give out any amounts as they become available (after providing basic needs for himself and his family) ?
i.e can this person buy things that are not strictly necessities (‘Darooriyyaat’ i.e. shelter, food, clothes, medicine, transportation) but that are still important (‘haajaat’, e.g. computer) ?
3- If the answer to the second part of the previous question is ‘no’, can this person perform hajj, before giving out the equivalent of this bank interest money, with any amounts that become available ?
Jazaakum Allahu khairan.

Praise be to Allaah.

Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“Those who eat riba (usury) will not stand (on the Day of Resurrection) except like the standing of a person beaten by Shaytaan, leading him to insanity. That is because they say: ‘Trading is only like riba,’ whereas Allaah has permitted trading and forbidden riba. So whosoever receives an admonition from his Lord and stops eating riba shall not be punished for his past; his case is for Allaah (to judge); but whoever returns (to riba), such are the dwellers of the Fire – they will abide therein.”

[al-Baqarah 2:275] Continue reading

He used a credit card, which is haraam, and he owes money. Should he pay it off?

I have a demand from the bank for 5800 riyals because of a credit card that I had 5 years ago, and I did not pay off what I owe because I found out that it is haraam. I do not know exactly how much I withdrew. They are demanding that I pay this amount in full even though I did not withdraw more than 3500 riyals.

Praise be to Allaah.

So long as you know that you did not withdraw more than 3500 riyals, then you should pay them this amount and no more, if you can do that.

If you cannot avoid it – such as if they threaten you with jail etc – then negotiate with them to reduce the extra amount rest as much as you can. You also have to repent greatly from this haraam transaction. And Allaah knows best. Continue reading

Selling things that may be used for haraam purposes

My brother has a store that sells and installs radio systems, car t.v.’s alarms, tints on windows, big speakers,and amplifiers. Is this kind of business halaal?
We are in america and mostly teenagers would buy these type of things to make their car look nice and to make their music loud.

Praise be to Allaah.

If it is known that this business will help these customers to engage in evil things and promiscuity, and that they will be used to listen to songs and music, then it is not permissible to sell these things to them. But if it is possible that they may be used for permissible things and it is not known that the purchaser will use them for haraam things, then there is nothing wrong with selling them or dealing in them. If he sees someone who seems to be decent and respectable, he may sell to him, and if a customer comes who appears to be promiscuous or an evildoer, he should refuse to sell to him. Continue reading

Ruling on selling magazines in which there are haraam adverts and half-naked pictures

Can you please tell me is it ok for me to buy a business either a gas station or a convenient store, in which i have to sell cigarettes, kaffir magazine in which there will be picture of half naked girls adds of alcohol haraam stocks and other haraam things, or how about just working in such a store, is my income halaal or haraam. if in a case where my income is haraam what could i do to make my income Halaal, if i stop selling cigarettes and the magazine does then my income become halaal? and when i sell gas i have to charge taxes, because that’s the law of the country in which i am living?

Praise be to Allaah.

It is not permissible to sell haraam things such as cigarettes, promiscuous magazines or magazines that promote evil, even if they are published by Muslims, because when Allaah forbids a thing He also forbids its price. It is not permissible to work for these magazines because this is a kind of cooperating in sin and transgression. The income from such sales is haraam. A person has to fear Allaah with regard to his food and drink and all his spending. Selling gas is permissible, and there is nothing wrong with it. If the taxes are compulsory then the one who is forced to do a thing will be forgiven. Continue reading

Developing websites for selling haraam things

I am a web developer, and I recently developed a site for a client. This client sells CD’s, he has a music store here in the US. I did give him tips on how to promote his site on the net .
Is it okay that build and help this person setup his web store?.

Praise be to Allaah.

The basic principle in sharee’ah is that when Allaah forbids a thing, He forbids its price. Singing and music are haraam and are not permissible, because of the hadeeth narrated by al-Bukhaari, according to which the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “There will be people among my ummah who will permit adultery, silk, alcohol and musical instruments.” The evidence that singing is haraam has been discussed elsewhere – see questions no. 5011 and 5000.

If it is clear to you that these things are haraam, then it is not permissible to help people with haraam things, because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“…but do not help one another in sin and transgression”

[al-Maa’idah 5:2] Continue reading