Does the deceased benefit from charity and fasting if he died when he was not praying?

My father has recently passed away.
He has missed many salaah during his lifetime. He has passed away at aged 65.
Is there any way of paying to charity any amount for the salaah missed.
Please advise how to calculate the number of salaah missed and the amount to pay for charity for each day of salaah missed.
Eg. 65 years less 15 years = 50 years salaah missed. 50 years X 365 days = 18250 days of salaah missed.
Your assistance in answering the above will be greatly appreciated.

Praise be to Allaah.

Firstly:

The scholars differed on the ruling on one who neglects the prayer out of heedlessness and laziness. The correct view is that he is a kaafir. This has been discussed previously in the answers to questions no. 2182 and 5208.

Once it is established that the one who does not pray is a kaafir, it is not permissible to give charity, fast and do Hajj on his behalf.

The scholars of the Standing Committee (9/69) were asked: Is it acceptable to pray for forgiveness and give charity for one who died when he did not pray, or he used to pray sometimes and sometimes he did not pray? Is it permissible to attend his funeral and bury him in the Muslim graveyard?

They replied: The one who does not pray because he denies that it is obligatory is a kaafir according to the consensus of the Muslims. The one who does not pray out of heedlessness and laziness is a kaafir according to the more correct of the two scholarly opinions.

Based on that, if a person who deliberately does not pray dies, it is not permissible to pray for forgiveness for him, or to give charity on his behalf, or to attend his funeral, or bury him in the Muslim graveyard, because the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “The covenant that stands between us and them is the prayer; whoever abandons it is a kaafir.” Narrated by Ahmad and the authors of as-Sunan with a saheeh isnaad. And he (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “Between a man and kufr and shirk there stands his giving up prayer.” Narrated by Muslim in his Saheeh.  Continue reading

Fasting on Mondays and Thursdays when he owes expiation for breaking an oath

I have several expiations to offer due to the fact that I broke several oaths. These expiations are taking quite a lot of time. Therefore, in the mean time, can i fasts on mondays and thursdays as nafil fasts?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Firstly:

What the Muslim should do is protect his oaths and not swear oaths a great deal or swear oaths except with regard to matters that are deserving of oaths. Allah, may He be exalted, says (interpretation of the meaning): “And protect your oaths (i.e. do not swear much)” [al-Maa’idah 5:89].

Shaykh as-Sa‘di (may Allah have mercy on him) said in his Tafseer: “And protect your oaths (i.e. do not swear much)” means refrain from swearing by Allah falsely, or swearing oaths frequently, and protect them if you do swear oaths by not breaking them, unless breaking the oath is better.

Tafseer as-Sa‘di, 1/242  Continue reading

Fasting on ‘Aashooraa’

Fasting on ‘Aashooraa’

Praise be to Allaah,

‘Aashooraa’ in History

Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: “The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) came to Madeenah and saw the Jews fasting on the day of ‘Aashooraa’. He said, ‘What is this?’ They said, ‘This is a righteous day, it is the day when Allaah saved the Children of Israel from their enemies, so Moosa fasted on this day.’ He said, ‘We have more right to Moosa than you,’ so he fasted on that day and commanded [the Muslims] to fast on that day.” (Reported by al-Bukhaari, 1865).

“This is a righteous day” – in a report narrated by Muslim, [the Jews said:] “This is a great day, on which Allaah saved Moosa and his people, and drowned Pharaoh and his people.”

“Moosa fasted on this day” – a report narrated by Muslim adds: “… in thanksgiving to Allaah, so we fast on this day.”

According to a report narrated by al-Bukhaari: “… so we fast on this day to venerate it.”

A version narrated by Imaam Ahmad adds: “This is the day on which the Ark settled on Mount Joodi, so Nooh fasted this day in thanksgiving.”

“and commanded [the Muslims] to fast on that day” – according to another report also narrated by al-Bukhaari: “He said to his Companions: ‘You have more right to Moosa than they do, so fast on that day.”

The practice of fasting on ‘Aashooraa’ was known even in the days of Jaahiliyyah, before the Prophet’s mission. It was reported that ‘Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) said: “The people of Jaahiliyyah used to fast on that day…”

Al-Qurtubi said: “Perhaps Quraysh used to fast on that day on the basis of some past law, such as that of Ibraaheem, upon whom be peace.” Continue reading

70 Matters Related to Fasting

Al-Siyaam

70 Matters Related to Fasting

Book by Sheikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid

Contents:

Introduction

Definition of Siyaam (fasting)

Ruling on fasting

The virtues of fasting

The benefits of fasting

Etiquette and Sunnah of fasting

What should be done during this great month

Some of the ahkaam (rulings) on fasting

How the onset of Ramadaan is determined

Who is obliged to fast?

Travellers

The sick

The elderly

Niyyah (intention) in fasting

When to start and stop fasting

Things that break the fast

Rulings on fasting for women

Introduction

Praise be to Allaah, we praise Him and seek His help and forgiveness. We seek refuge with Allaah from the evil of our own selves and from our evil deeds. Whomsoever Allaah guides cannot be misled, and whomsoever He leaves astray cannot be guided. I bear witness that there is no god except Allaah alone, with no partner or associate, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger.

Allaah has blessed His slaves with certain seasons of goodness, in which hasanaat (rewards for good deeds) are multiplied, sayi’aat (bad deeds) are forgiven, people’s status is raised, the hearts of the believers turn to their Master, those who purify themselves attain success and those who corrupt themselves fail. Allaah has created His slaves to worship Him, as He says (interpretation of the meaning): “And I (Allaah) created not the jinns and humans except that they should worship Me (Alone).” [al-Dhaariyaat 51:56]

One of the greatest acts of worship is fasting, which Allaah has made obligatory on His slaves, as He says (interpretation of the meaning):

“… Observing al-sawm (the fasting) is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you, that you may become al-muttaqoon (the pious).” [al-Baqarah 2:183] Continue reading

Women in nifaas fasting if the bleeding stops before forty days

There is a woman who gave birth to a baby approximately one week before Ramadan. For the first third of Ramadan she did not fast, but after the first third of Ramadan the bleeding stopped and she began to see a lot of white discharge. Please note that she started to fast after the first third of Ramadan, i.e., after the bleeding stopped and the white discharge appeared, but there was a lot of it. Is her fasting valid, in sha Allah? Is she taahir (in a state of purity)?.

Praise be to Allaah.

If a woman who is in nifaas (i.e., bleeding following childbirth) sees al-tuhr (end of bleeding) before forty days had passed, she should do ghusl and pray and fast. The tuhr – following menstruation or nifaas – is recognised by one of two signs:

1.     White discharge

2.     Complete dryness, in the sense that there is no trace of blood, or yellowish or brownish discharge.

Al-Nawawi (may Allah have mercy on him) said: The sign that menses has ended and tuhr (purity) has begun is the cessation of bleeding and of yellowish and brownish discharge. If it stops, then the woman has become pure, regardless of whether any white discharge comes after that or not. Continue reading

Using something to cleanse the mouth and give it a nice smell when fasting

I would like an answer to the following question: is it permissible to use a finger-sized piece of sterilized cotton to wipe the tongue and teeth with, that is used to remove smells and germs and comes in various flavours such as mint, whilst fasting?.

Praise be to Allaah.

There is nothing wrong with using what you mention, so long as none of it reaches the throat; rather you should spit out whatever of it is left in the mouth, or rinse out the mouth.

Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan (may Allah preserve him) was asked: In some pharmacies there is a kind of fragrance for the mouth, which is a type of spray. Is it permissible to use it during the day in Ramadan to remove odour from the mouth?

He replied: Instead of using the spray for the mouth when fasting, it is sufficient to use the siwaak which was encouraged by the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him). If the spray is used and none of it reaches the throat, there is nothing wrong with it. But the smell that comes from the mouth of the fasting person as a result of fasting should not be disliked, because it is the effect of obedience and is beloved by Allah, may He be glorified and exalted. In the hadeeth it says: “The smell coming from the mouth of the fasting person is better before Allah than the fragrance of musk.”

End quote from al-Muntaqa min Fataawa al-Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan, 3/121. Continue reading

Is it permissible to use a nasal spray that contains a percentage of alcohol? Does it break the fast for one who is fasting?

I have an allergy to dust that causes me to sneeze continually (as much as 60 sneezes in succession). The doctor has prescribed for me medicine in a spray that contains 0.25% of alcohol. I only use this medicine in urgent cases, but I do not know whether it is permissible for me to use this medicine or not. And what is the ruling on using it in Ramadan in particular?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Firstly:

We ask Allah to heal you and grant you well being. We inform you that there is nothing wrong with using this medicine that contains that percentage of alcohol, which is very low and is dissolved in the medicine and there is no apparent trace of it, so it does not come under the ruling prohibiting alcohol.

We have quoted the fatwas of the scholars concerning that. Please see the answer to question nos. 146013 and 111851Continue reading

Who is the fasting person for whom the Muslim will be rewarded for giving him food to break his fast with?

Is the fasting person who the Messenger (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) encouraged us to give him food to break his fast with the poor person who is fasting, or one who is a stranger in the land, or the one whom we invite to break the fast with us at home, such as a guest who is part of the family or a relative? Can we attain the reward by offering food for breaking the fast to fasting people to whom we give a private invitation during Ramadan?.

Praise be to Allaah.

It is proven that the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “Whoever gives food to a fasting person with which to break his fast will have a reward like his without detracting from the reward of the fasting person in the slightest.”

Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 807

What is meant by the fasting person here is any Muslim who is fasting, especially those who are deserving of charity, such as the poor, needy, and wayfarers. This is similar to the words of the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him): “Whoever equips a fighter for the sake of Allah has gone out on campaign (i.e., will have the reward of going out on campaign).”

Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 2843.

And Allah is the source of strength. May Allah send blessings and peace upon our Prophet Muhammad and his family and Companions. End quote .

Standing Committee fir Academic Research and Issuing Fatwas

Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah (vol. 2), 9/33

For more information please see also the answers to questions no. 50047, 118145

And Allah knows best. Continue reading

Ruling on fasting for one who is forced to masturbate

The fatwa I am asking for is somewhat strange, but the person who is asking needs to know the shar‘i ruling, so we hope that you will not withhold it, because it is a real issue. Even if you are not convinced it is real, we hope that you will give an answer. It has to do with breaking of the fast by one who is forced. I have a friend who I have known for a few years, and he is suffering from having a spell put on him (witchcraft) even though he is a Haafiz and has memorized the book of Allah. He suffers during the month of Ramadan, on an involuntary basis, because on most of the days of Ramadan, the jinni who is controlling him because of the spell tries to force him to break the fast by causing emission of maniy by one means or another. He has tried to stop it happening, but to no avail. This has been happening on most days of the month for several years, and he fasts for the rest of the day without breaking the fast. Even if he tries to make up these days, he cannot because of the spell which is still ongoing and has not stopped.

Praise be to Allaah.

If this brother’s situation is as you describe, then the ruling is that of one who is forced to break the fast. The view of the Shaafa‘is and Hanbalis is that in the case of one who is forced to break the fast by having intercourse, eating or drinking, if the one who is forced does that, it does not break the fast and he does not have to make it up, unless the compulsion to break the fast was by means of zina, according to the Shaafa‘is. (al-Mawsoo‘ah al-Fiqhiyyah, 28/58).  Continue reading

Being intimate with one’s wife when fasting without having intercourse

What is the ruling concerning the one who slept with him wife during the day in Ramadaan without wearing any clothes and the genitals touched one another but there was no penetration?.

Praise be to Allaah.

If there is no penetration and no emission of maniy (semen), then your fast is valid and you do not have to do anything else.

As for madhiy (prostatic fluid), emission thereof does not invalidate the fast according to the more correct of the two scholarly opinions, which is the view of Abu Haneefah and al-Shaafa’i (may Allaah have mercy on them). See also question no. 37715.

The fasting person may play with his wife, kiss her, embrace her and touch her, if he is certain that he will not ejaculate or have intercourse. See question no. 49614.

And Allaah knows best. Continue reading