He broke his fast when he was observing a naafil fast in order to accept an invitation to a meal; will he be rewarded for his intention to fast and accepting the invitation?

My Question is regarding the nawafil fasting. I understand that when one is fasting voluntarily (i.e. not the compulsory fasts such as Ramadhaan etc), then if someone invites him to a meal it is permissable for him to accept the invitation and break his fast – and he is rewarded two rewards (the complete reward for the fast and the reward for accepting the invitation of the meal).
Firstly I ask if you could please elaborate on this issue and give more information and explanation of it.
Secondly, what is the ruling if a person is invited to a meal on a different day (i.e. in a few days time) and that day coincides with the day one usually fasts on (i.e. on a monday or thursday, or the alternate day fasting) – then is it still permissable for him to accept the invitation and fast the beginning of the day up until he attends the meal, or should he reject the invitation. I really needed this second point clarified, as I could not find any information regarding it.

Praise be to Allaah.

If a Muslim intends to fast one day and starts to fast, then he decides to break the fast, he may do so, because completing a voluntary fast is not obligatory, but it is mustahabb for him to complete it if there is no excuse. If there is an excuse or an interest to be served by breaking the fast, there is nothing wrong with doing so in this case, and the fasting person who broke his fast will be rewarded – in sha Allah – for what he intended of serving a shar‘i interest, such as if he wanted to be kind to a friend of his who would be offending by his not eating food offered when visiting him or not accepting his invitation, or if he wanted to do an act of worship that fasting made him too weak to do, and it could bring him more reward than observing the naafil fast, and so on.  Continue reading

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Does thinking that leads to ejaculation invalidate the fast?

In a European country during Ramadan, I experienced strong sexual provocation by means of thinking, which led to the emission of maniy. Because I believed that my fast had been invalidated, I went ahead and masturbated. Do I have to make up the fast or offer any expiation?.

Praise be to Allaah.

The Muslim has to guard his hearing, his vision and all his faculties against doing that which Allah, may He be exalted, has forbidden to him. The basic principle is that fasting purifies the soul and is a shield that protects a person from falling into whims and desires.

The scholars differed as to whether the fast is invalidated by emitting maniy as a result of thinking. The Maalikis said that it does invalidate the fast, but the majority of scholars did not regard it as invalidating the fast. It seems that they did not regard it as invalidating the fast because the individual has no control over it; it is something that crossed his mind that he could not ward off. But in the case of deliberately thinking and giving one’s imagination free rein with the aim of ejaculating, there is no difference – in that case – between that and deliberately looking at something for the purpose of ejaculating. The majority are of the view that the fast is invalidated by deliberately looking until one ejaculates.  Continue reading

He has a kidney disease and the doctor advised him not to fast

I recently found out that my kidneys are producing stones, and a doctor who is Muslim and pious (as he appears to be) said that I am allowed not to fast in Ramadan. To explain further, the reason is so as to protect against the formation of stones by drinking water throughout the day. Do I have to not fast in Ramadan?.

Praise be to Allaah.

If a trustworthy Muslim doctor has determined that fasting will harm you and has told you not to fast, then what is prescribed is to avail yourself of the concession granted by Allah, may He be glorified and exalted, Who says (interpretation of the meaning):

“But if any of you is ill or on a journey, the same number (should be made up) from other days”

[al-Baqarah 2:184].  Continue reading

Ruling on using smokeless tobacco; does it break the fast?

My father suffers from anxiety, tension and depression, and he has been using a remedy for 10 years. From the beginning of Ramadan this year he experienced increased anxiety and could not sleep until 10 a.m. For a long time he has been using smokeless tobacco (which is a form of tobacco that is placed inside the mouth, under the lower lip — sometimes known as “dipping tobacco” or “moist snuff”). He has been using it for twenty-five years and he used it in Ramadan this year. He also used it last year during the fast because, according to what he says, it reduces the pain and anxiety he is suffering from. What does he have to do with regard to those days when he broke the fast (if it is regarded as breaking the fast)? It was approximately 13 days this year and 5 days in Ramadan last year. Should he also feed the poor?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Firstly:

We ask Allah, may He be exalted, to give you and your father, and all the Muslims, well-being, for He is most generous and kind.

Secondly:

“Smokeless tobacco” is a type of tobacco that is not burned and may be mixed with other substances; it is used by some people who place it in their mouths. The ruling on this substance is no different from the ruling on cigarettes.  Continue reading

She has fibroids and bleeds all month; how should she pray and fast?

My mother is fifty-one years old; she has fibroids and suffers from bleeding throughout the month. Can she pray and fast, and if so how?.

Praise be to Allaah.

The scholars differed concerning menopause in women. Some of them said that it occurs at the age of fifty years or sixty years; the correct view is that there is no limit to it and it may vary from one woman to another.

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allah have mercy on him) said:

Women vary; some reach menopause at an early age, and some continue menstruating until after the age of sixty or seventy. If a woman sees menses then she is a menstruating woman, no matter what her situation is, because Allah, may He be blessed and exalted, says (interpretation of the meaning): “And those of your women as have passed the age of monthly courses” [al-Talaaq 65:4], and He did not mention any particular age. So menopause differs from one woman to another.

To sum up, menses is, as Allah described it, an adha (harm, illness, painful condition). When this bleeding occurs, she has to do what is required. End quote.  Continue reading

Is it permissible to use a nasal spray that contains a percentage of alcohol? Does it break the fast for one who is fasting?

I have an allergy to dust that causes me to sneeze continually (as much as 60 sneezes in succession). The doctor has prescribed for me medicine in a spray that contains 0.25% of alcohol. I only use this medicine in urgent cases, but I do not know whether it is permissible for me to use this medicine or not. And what is the ruling on using it in Ramadan in particular?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Firstly:

We ask Allah to heal you and grant you well being. We inform you that there is nothing wrong with using this medicine that contains that percentage of alcohol, which is very low and is dissolved in the medicine and there is no apparent trace of it, so it does not come under the ruling prohibiting alcohol.

We have quoted the fatwas of the scholars concerning that. Please see the answer to question nos. 146013 and 111851Continue reading

Who is the fasting person for whom the Muslim will be rewarded for giving him food to break his fast with?

Is the fasting person who the Messenger (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) encouraged us to give him food to break his fast with the poor person who is fasting, or one who is a stranger in the land, or the one whom we invite to break the fast with us at home, such as a guest who is part of the family or a relative? Can we attain the reward by offering food for breaking the fast to fasting people to whom we give a private invitation during Ramadan?.

Praise be to Allaah.

It is proven that the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “Whoever gives food to a fasting person with which to break his fast will have a reward like his without detracting from the reward of the fasting person in the slightest.”

Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 807

What is meant by the fasting person here is any Muslim who is fasting, especially those who are deserving of charity, such as the poor, needy, and wayfarers. This is similar to the words of the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him): “Whoever equips a fighter for the sake of Allah has gone out on campaign (i.e., will have the reward of going out on campaign).”

Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 2843.

And Allah is the source of strength. May Allah send blessings and peace upon our Prophet Muhammad and his family and Companions. End quote .

Standing Committee fir Academic Research and Issuing Fatwas

Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah (vol. 2), 9/33

For more information please see also the answers to questions no. 50047, 118145

And Allah knows best. Continue reading

Is paying zakaat al-fitr obligatory for someone who only prayed on the last day of Ramadan and did not fast?

There is a person who did not pray or fast, but the last day of Ramadan Allah guided him, and he prayed and fasted. Does he have to pay zakaat al-fitr? If he did not pay it what should he do?.

Praise be to Allaah.

In the answer to question no. 2182 we stated that the one who does not pray is a kaafir, whether he does not pray out of carelessness and laziness or because he denies it is obligatory.

If Allah guides a person (to Islam) before sunset on the last day of Ramadan, he has to pay zakaat al-fitr, regardless of whether he caught up with the fast or not, because of the hadeeth of Ibn ‘Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: The Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) enjoined the sadaqah of Ramadan upon the people, a saa‘ of dates or a saa‘ of barley, upon every person, free or slave, male or female, among the Muslims. Continue reading

Is zakaat al-fitr due from one who did not fast in Ramadaan because of a valid excuse?

Is zakaat al-fitr due from one who did not fast all Ramadaan because he was travelling or was sick?.

Praise be to Allaah.

The majority of scholars, including the four imams and others, are of the view that zakaat al-fitr is due from the Muslim even if he did not fast Ramadaan. No one else differed from that except Sa’eed ibn al-Musayyab and al-Hasan al-Basri, who said that zakaat al-fitr is due only from those who fasted. But the correct view is that of the majority, because of the following evidence:

1 –The general meaning of the hadeeth which is the basis for zakaat al-fitr being obligatory:

It was narrated that Ibn ‘Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) enjoined zakaat al-fitr, a saa’ of dates or a saa’ of barley, upon everyone, slave or free, male or female, young or old, and he enjoined that it be paid before the people went out to pray. Narrated by al-Bukhaari (1503) and Muslim (984).

The word “young” includes small children who cannot fast.  Continue reading

Ruling on observing a naafil fast with the intention of making up a missed fast

If one is fasting Mondays and Thursdays, is it okay to use these fasts as the ones that must be made up from Ramadan? Or do the intentions have to be seperate?

Praise be to Allaah.

There is nothing wrong with fasting on Mondays and Thursdays in order to make up fasts that you missed in Ramadaan, on condition that the fast be done with the intention of making up the missed days… Perhaps you will get two rewards together, the reward for making up the fast and the reward for observing a naafil fast, for the bounty of Allaah is immense. Even if you only get the reward for making up the missed fast, that is fine, because making up the missed fast is more important than observing a naafil fast. But if you intend to observe it as a voluntary fast and you do not intend to make up a missed fast, then you have not fulfilled the duty and you still have to fast the days that you missed in Ramadaan. And Allaah knows best. May Allaah bless our Prophet Muhammad and his family and companions.  Continue reading