Sneezing During Friday Sermon

What should a person do if he sneezes during the Jumu‘ah khutbah (sermon)? Should he say “al-hamdu Lillah”?.

Praise be to Allaah.

If a person who is listening to the khutbah (sermon) on Friday sneezes, he should say “al-hamdu Lillah (praise be to Allah)” quietly to himself. If anyone hears him, it is not permissible for him to say to him “Yarhamuk Allah (may Allah have mercy on you)”.

It says in al-Mudawwanah (1/230): Maalik said concerning someone who sneezes when the imam is delivering the khutbah that he should say “al-hamdu Lillah” quietly to himself. No one should say “Yarhamuk Allah” to the one who sneezed when the imam is delivering the khutbah.

End quote.

Al-Mirdaawi (may Allah have mercy on him) said: It is permissible for him to say Ameen to the du‘aa’ and to say “al-hamdulillah” silently if he sneezes. End quote from al-Insaaf, 2/418

Shaykh Ibn Baaz (may Allah have mercy on him) said: If he sneezes, he has to praise Allah (say “al-hamdu Lillah”) to himself and not raise his voice.

End quote from Majmoo‘ al-Fataawa, 12/411

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allah have mercy on him) said: If a member of the congregation sneezes on Friday, he should say “al-hamdulillah” silently. If he says it out loud and the people around him hear him, it is not permissible for them to say “Yarhamuk Allah” to him.

End quote from ash-Sharh al-Mumti‘, 5/109

And Allah knows best. Continue reading

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They found out during the day that Ramadan had begun, so they fasted

Some of our Muslim brothers did not know that Ramadaan had begun until after the sun had risen, but they completed their fast. Is that sufficient or do they have to repeat their fast?.

Praise be to Allaah.

They have done the right thing by refraining from eating etc for the rest of the day, but they have to fast another day in its stead.

Standing Committee for Academic Research and Issuing Fatwas, 10/245

The reason why they have to make up the fast is that they did not have the intention of fasting from the night before. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever does not make the intention before dawn, there is no fast for him.”

Narrated by Ahmad, 6/287; Abu Dawood, no. 2454; al-Tirmidhi, 730; al-Nasaa’i, 2331; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood, 2143. Continue reading

Speaking during the interval when the imaam falls silent between the two khutbahs

Is it permissible to speak during the interval when the imaam falls silent between the two khutbahs at Jumu’ah (Friday) prayer? Is it permissible to make a gesture by pointing to one’s lips with one’s forefinger in order to remind a person that he should not speak during the khutbah?

Praise be to Allaah.

It is permissible to speak during the interval when the imaam falls silent between the two khutbahs, if there is a need to do so. It is OK to gesture to one who speaks whilst the imaam is preaching, to tell him to be quiet, just as it is also permissible to gesture during the prayer if there is a need to do so. May Allaah help us all.  Continue reading

If a latecomer catches up with the imaam during rukoo’ (bowing)

If a person catches up with the imaam during rukoo’, will the rak’ah count for him?

Praise be to Allaah.

If the latecomer catches up with the imaam in rukoo’, our companions said:

If the person can say ‘Allaahu akbar’ and bow with a pause before he stands up again, then the rak’ah counts for him, but if there is no time to pause before the imaam stands up again, it does not count. If he is not sure, does the rak’ah count? There are two opinions on this, the more correct of which is:

It does not count, because what is more likely is that he did not catch up with the imaam. So he has to do the prostration of forgetfulness (sajdat al-sahw) at the end of the rak’ah that he does after the imaam says the salaam, because he is doing a rak’ah on his own and is not sure whether this is an extra rak’ah or not. This is like the one who is not sure whether he has prayed three or four rak’ahs: he should do another rak’ah then do sajdat al-sahw. One of those who discussed this issue was al-Ghazaali in al-Fatawa. It is a good issue to discuss, because a lot of people have this problem and most people do not know the answer, so this information should be passed on. And Allaah knows best. Continue reading

Women seeing the imaam during prayer

i know that for congregational prayer to be valid a person must pray behind imam so to see him or to pray behind a man who can see imam….etc…
but my questionis ..is it same for women?? as i heard that at least one woman should see imam…..and u do understand that most of the women’s area in mosque is arranged that it impossible to see imam but to hear from speakers
which sometimes can break so that we cannot hear……
or also one time happened to me thaty during traveling with my husband we stopped to pray at mosque and we were running a bit late so what happened was that when i went into prayer area there were no one there at all..and imam was saying takbir and i had no idea to which part of salah that takbir was reffered so i ended up confusing the oreder of salah.

Praise be to Allaah.

When a woman prays behind an imaam, it is not essential for her to see him or some of the people who are praying behind him, but the rows have to be straight and the women who are praying should be within the boundaries of the mosque and be able to hear the voice of the imaam, so that they can follow him. If women are unable to hear the imaam’s voice for some reason, then they should pray individually, or in a jamaa’ah with other women, if they cannot hear the imaam’s voice or follow him. If a woman enters the mosque and hears the imaam saying takbeer, she should not follow him in saying takbeer until she knows whether he is in sujood or rukoo’ etc. The way out of this dilemma – if she cannot see the imaam or any members of the congregation – is to wait until the imaam says “sami’ Allaahu liman hamidah”, then she can pray with him. Ibn ‘Abd al-Barr said in al-Kaafi (1/212): “Everyone who can see or hear the imaam, and knows where he is in the prayer, and is behind him, it is permissible for him to follow him in prayer. This is the Maaliki view.” And Ibn Qudaamah said: “If there is a barrier between the imaam and the person who is following him, which prevents him from seeing the imaam or the people praying behind him, then there are two views narrated from Ahmad, one of which says that it is not valid for him to pray behind him… and the second view is: it is valid because he can follow the imaam without seeing him, as a blind person does. But for his following the imaam to be valid, he has to be able to hear him.” (al-Mughni, 2/208)

In conclusion, if you are inside the mosque and you can hear the imaam’s voice and you know where he is in the prayer, then follow him, otherwise pray by yourself or with a group of women after the imaam finishes the prayer.

With regard to whether your prayer is valid or not, we asked Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen, and he replied that to be on the safe side you should repeat the prayer. And Allaah is the source of strength. Continue reading

Repeating al-Faatihah during prayer

Assalamu Alaikum

What is the hukm(rule) for repeating Surat al-Fatiha if you do not think you had enough Khushu(Peace and fear of Allah) in your first recitation.

Jazak Allahu Khiran

Praise be to Allaah.

We do not advise you to do this, in case it opens the way for Shaytaan’s whispers. Try to concentrate (khushoo’) during prayer. One of the best ways to focus during prayer is to remember death. Continue reading

Can’t recall part of a verse during prayer

What happens if an Imam forgets the ending of the verse during prayer and no one reminds him?

If the Imam recited a part of the Qur’an and forgot the ending of the verse, and none of the followers reminded him of it, he can choose either to say the takbeer and discontinue the recitation, or recite a verse or more from another surah. But this is allowed only if the forgotten part is not from Al-Fatihah. As far as Al-Fatihah is concerned, it must be recited in its entirety as reciting it is an obligatory act of prayer. Continue reading

Reciting al-Faatihah during prayer

My question relates to the correct manner of praying Farz salaat behind an Imaam, specifically the recital of surah Al Fatiha.
1. Is it obligatory on us to quietly recite surah Al Fatiha whilst the Imaam recites it aloud, during the first and second rakaat of a farz prayer?
2. Is it obligatory on us to recite the surah Al Fatiha in the same situation but in the third and/or fourth rakaat, ie., the Imaam is silent in these rakaats?
This question arises due to our communitiy’s wish to correct our method of praying. There are two opinions amongst us, one being that when the Imaam leads a prayer, whether he recites them aloud (1st and 2nd rakaat) or is silent (3rd and 4th rakaat) we must only listen; whilst others comment that without the recitation of surah Al Fatiha, whether resited by the Imaam or not, a prayer is not valid.
Please advise with as many factual evidence as possible.

Praise be to Allaah.

Reciting al-Faatihah is one of the essential parts of the prayer, and is to be recited in each rak’ah both by the imaam and by those who are being led by him, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “There is no prayer for the one who does not recite the Opening of the Book [i.e., al-Faatihah].” (Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 714). With regard to one who is following an imaam reciting al-Faatihah behind the imaam in a prayer where Qur’aan is to be recited out loud, there are two scholarly opinions.

The first opinion is that it is obligatory, the evidence for that being the general meaning of the hadeeth of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him): “There is no prayer for the one who does not recite the Opening of the Book [i.e., al-Faatihah].” And because when the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) taught the one who had not prayed properly, he told him to recite al-Faatihah.

It was narrated in a saheeh report that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to recite it in every rak’ah. Al-Haafiz ibn Hajar said in Fath al-Baari: “It was proven that permission was given to the one who is praying behind an imaam to recite al-Faatihah in prayers in which Qur’aan is to be recited out loud, without any exceptions. That is what was narrated by al-Bukhaari in Juz’ al-Qiraa’ah, and by al-Tirmidhi, Ibn Hibbaan and others, from Makhool from Mahmood ibn al-Rabee’ from ‘Ubaadah, that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) stumbled in his recitation in Fajr, and when he finished he said, “Perhaps you recite behind your imaam?” They said, “Yes,” He said, “Do not do that, except for the Opening of the Book (al-Faaithah), for there is no prayer for the one who does not recite it.” Continue reading

Ruling on reading from the Mus-haf during prayer

Is it permissible for the imam to read from the Quran during Tarawih prayers in Ramadan? Are prayers not accepted if the Imam reads from Quran during Tarawih prayers?

Praise be to Allaah.

There is nothing wrong with reading from the Mus-haf during night prayers in Ramadaan, because this will make the members of the congregation hear all of the Qur’aan. The Qur’aan and Sunnah indicate that Qur’aan should be recited in prayer, whether it is from the Mus-haf or from memory. It was proven that ‘Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) told her freed slave Dhakwaan to lead her in praying qiyaam in Ramadaan, and he used to read from the Mus-haf. Al-Bukhaari mentioned this in his Saheeh… Continue reading

Imam nullifies his ablution during prayer

What happens if the Imam nullifies his ablution during the prayer? Or what if he suddenly recalls that he in fact was not in a state of wudu’ in the first place? What should he do? Is the prayer of the people praying behind him still valid or do they need to make up all or part of it?

If the Imam enters the state that nullifies his ablution or prayer, or remembers during the prayer that he did not perform ablution, then he should come out from prayer and appoint someone from the attendees who can lead them to completion. This has been narrated from ‘Umar, ‘Ali, ‘Alqamah and ‘Ataa’. If he did not appoint anyone and the people prayed individually, this would be acceptable, and this is the opinion taken by Imam Al-Shafi‘i. If he elected someone and advanced him to lead them, that is also permitted. The evidence for this is what has been narrated regarding ‘Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) when he was stabbed. He took Abdur Rahman bin ‘Auf who led the prayer to completion.1

And the reason for this deduction is that ‘Umar did so in the presence of a number of Companions and others and no one opposed this act, so it became a consensus (ijma‘).2

If the Imam remembers that he is not in a state of purity, he should indicate to the followers to remain as they are and purify himself and come back to lead them. The evidence for this is the following narration of Abu Dawud from Abu Bakrah:

The Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) entered into the Fajr prayer and indicated to the people that they should stay in their places. Then he came back to lead them and water was dripping from his head.(Sunan Abi Dawud, No. 233; Sahih Sunan Abi Dawud, 1/45)

Commenting on this hadith, Imam Al-Khatabi says:

In this hadith there is an evidence that if one is leading the people in prayer while in a state of impurity and the people do no know of it, then their prayer is unaffected and there is no need for them to repeat it. But the Imam has to repeat his prayer.3

If one is praying (either as Imam or follower or individually) and recalls that he had wiped over his socks during wudu’ while the duration of wiping had expired, he should terminate his prayer because his ablution is incorrect. This is what has been quoted from Imams Ahmad and Al-Shafi‘i.4

Sahih Al-Bukhari/Fath Al-Bari, 7/60.

2 Ahkam Al-Imamah by Al-Muneef, 234, 1st Edition.

3 Ma‘alim As-Sunan by Al-Khatabi (Collected by Al-Da‘as) 1/159.

4 Al-Mughni, 2/505. Continue reading