There is nothing wrong with reading the du‘aa’ of istikhaarah from a piece of paper

Is it essential in du‘aa’ al- istikhaarah to recite it from memory? If a person cannot memorise it, is it acceptable for him to read it from a piece of paper?.

Praise be to Allaah.

In du‘aa’ al- istikhaarah it is not essential to recite it by heart; if one reads it from a piece of paper, that is acceptable, because what matters here is the du‘aa’, and (the one who reads it from a piece of paper) has said it. The majority of scholars regard it as permissible to read Qur’aan from the Mushaf when praying, which is more serious than reciting du‘aa’ after the prayer. See the answer to question no. 65924. But if one is able to memorise it by heart, that is preferable.

It says in al-Mawsoo‘ah al-Fiqhiyyah (33/57): The Shaafa‘is and Hanbalis are of the view that it is permissible to recite from the Mushaf when praying. Ahmad said: There is nothing wrong with leading the people in praying qiyaam whilst looking at the Mushaf. It was said to him: What about the obligatory prayer? He said: I did not hear anything about it. az-Zuhri was asked about a man who recites in Ramadan from the Mushaf. He said: The best of us used to recite from the Mushaf. End quote.  Continue reading

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When should the du‘aa’ be offered in salaat al-istikhaarah?

When a Muslim prays salaat al-istikhaarah, should he recite the du‘aa’ of istikhaarah after the tashahhud and before finishing the prayer, or after saying the tasleem at the end of the prayer?.

Praise be to Allaah.

What is prescribed with regard to du‘aa’ al-istikhaarah is that it should be said after finishing the prayer. This is the view of the majority of scholars.

It says in al-Mawsoo‘ah al-Fiqhiyyah (3/245): The Hanafis, Maalikis, Shaafa‘is and Hanbalis said: The du‘aa’ should come immediately after the prayer. This is in accordance with what is mentioned in the text of the hadeeth from the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him). End quote.  Continue reading

Du’aa’ asking to attain the attributes of the Prophets

What is the ruling on du’aa’ asking to attain the attributes of the Prophets, such as saying ‘O Allaah, grant me the patience of Ayyoob and the wisdom of Yoosuf’ and so on?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Asking Allaah to grant the attributes of the Prophets may be divided into two categories:

1.

Du’aa’ asking for the miracles or virtues for which Allaah singled them out, such as asking one’s Lord to give one the sovereignty of Sulaymaan, as Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): “He said: ‘My Lord! Forgive me, and bestow upon me a kingdom such as shall not belong to any other after me. Verily, You are the Bestower’” [Saad 38:35]; or asking Allaah for a miracle that can only be given to a Prophet, such as the miracle of ‘Eesa (peace be upon him) who was born without a father, or asking Allaah for the status of al-waseelah in Paradise, as the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allaah be upon him) said: “Then ask Allaah to grant me al-waseelah, for it is a station in Paradise which only one of the slaves of Allaah will attain, and I hope that I will be the one” (narrated by Muslim, no. 384).”

The ruling on this type of du’aa’ is that it is forbidden and is not allowed, because it is obviously overstepping the mark, because in it a person is asking for that which it is not permissible to him to ask for.  Continue reading

Du’aa’ for protection

In one of the mosques I found a piece of paper on which was written “Du’aa’ al-Tahseen (prayer for protection). The du’aa’ was as follows: 
“I seek protection in Allaah besides Whom there is no god, my God and the God of all things. I seek the protection of my Lord and the Lord of all things. I put my trust in the Ever-Living Who does not die, and I ward off evil with (the words) there is no power and no strength except with Allaah. Allaah is sufficient for us and He is the best disposer of affairs. Allaah is sufficient for me Who is sufficient for us. The Lord is sufficient for me and I have no need of His slaves. The Creator is sufficient for me and I have no need of His creation. The Provider is sufficient for me and I have no need of those who are granted provision. He is sufficient for me Who is sufficient for me. He is sufficient for me in Whose hand is the sovereignty of all things, Who protects (all), while against Whom there is no protector (i.e. if Allaah saves anyone, none can punish or harm him; and if Allaah punishes or harms anyone, none can save him) [cf. al-Mu’minoon 23:88]. He is sufficient for me. Allaah hears those who call upon Him, and there is no object of hope beyond Allaah. Allaah is sufficient for me, there is no god but He. In Him do I put my trust and He is the Lord of the mighty Throne.”
Is this hadeeth saheeh?.

Praise be to Allaah.

This du’aa’ is not proven from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). Something similar was narrated by Ibn Abi’l-Dunya in al-Faraj ba’d al-Shiddah, via al-Khaleel ibn Murrah from the faqeeh of the people of Jordan, who said “we heard that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)…” It was classed as da’eef by al-Albaani in al-Silsilah al-Da’eefah, 4173; and Da’eef al-Jaami’, 4348

Since it has not been proven in any saheeh report that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said this, no attention should be paid to it.  Continue reading

Conditions of du’aa’ being accepted by Allaah

What are the conditions of du’aa’ so that the du’aa’ will be answered and accepted by Allaah?.

Praise be to Allaah.

There are many conditions of du’aa’, including the following:

1 – You should call upon no one except Allaah. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “If you ask, then ask of Allaah, and if you seek help, then seek the help of Allaah.” Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 2516; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Jaami’.

This is what is meant by the verse (interpretation of the meaning):

“And the mosques are for Allaah (Alone), so invoke not anyone along with Allaah”

[al-Jinn 72:18]  Continue reading

It is not Sunnah to say du‘aa’ following an obligatory prayer, placing the right hand on the forehead

There is a dua which is said by placing the right hand on the forehead after farz namaz. I want to know the hadith related with this dua.

Praise be to Allaah.

What is proven from the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) is that when he had finished praying, he would ask Allah for forgiveness three times, then he would say: “Allaahumma anta as-salaam wa minka al-salaam, tabaarakta yaa dhaa’l-jalaali wa’l-ikraam (O Allah, You are as-Salaam (the One Who is free from all defects and deficiencies) and from You is all peace, blessed are You, Possessor of majesty and honour).

This is based on what has been explained previously in the answer to question no. 104163

Secondly:

After searching we could not find any proof for the du‘aa’ mentioned by the questioner that is said after the obligatory prayer when placing the right hand on the forehead.

Shaykh Ibn Baaz (may Allah have mercy on him) was asked:

There are some people who, after finishing the prayer, put their hands on their foreheads for a while and they say that this is Sunnah. Is what they say correct?

He replied: There is no basis for that as far as we know. There is no basis for placing the hands on the forehead after prayer. Continue reading

Reciting the opening du’aa’ in taraaweeh prayers

Should we read the opening du’aa’ at the beginning of each two rak’ahs of taraaweeh prayers?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Yes, it is prescribed for you to recite the opening du’aa’ at the beginning of each two rak’ahs of taraaweeh prayer, and other naafil prayers, because of the general meaning of the evidence.

With regard to the opening du’aa’ in qiyaam al-layl in particular, the following words were narrated:

Laa illaha ill-Allaah (three times), Allaahu akbar (three times), Allaahu akbaru kabeera wa alhamdu Lillaahi katheera wa subhaan Allaahi bukratan wa aseela (There is no god but Allaah, Allaah is most Great, Allaah is most Great, much praise be to Allaah and glory be to Allaah at the beginning and end of the day).” A man from among the Sahaabah started his prayer with these words and the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “I was surpised, the gates of heaven have been opened for these words.”

“Al-hamdu Lillaahi hamdan katheeran tayyiban mubaarakan fihi (Praise be to Allaah, much good and blessed praise).” Another man started his prayer with these words and the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “I saw twelve angels competing to see which of them would take these words up.”  Continue reading

The virtue of Friday

Which day of the week do you consider most holy and your sabboth?

Praise be to Allaah.

It should be noted that the entire life of a Muslim is worship of Allaah; there is no special day for worship, for the Muslim is worshipping Allaah all the time. But there is a day which Allaah has made special for this ummah (nation), the nation of Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), and which Allaah has favoured above all the other days of the week. That day is Friday. There are a number of hadeeths which speak of the virtue of this day, including the following:

It was narrated that Abu Hurayrah said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “We (Muslims) are the last (of the nations) but (we will be) the foremost on the Day of Resurrection,  although the former nations were given their scriptures before us and we were given our after them. And this (Friday) is the day concerning which they disputed. So Allaah guided us (to it), tomorrow (i.e., Saturday) is for the Jews and the day after (i.e., Sunday) is for the Christians.” (Narrated by al-Bukhaari, al-Jumu’ah, 847).

It was also narrated (by al-Bukhaari) that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The best day on which the sun rises is Friday. On this day Adam was created, on this day he entered Paradise and on this day he was expelled from it.” (Narrated by Muslim, al-Jumu’ah, 1410)

It was narrated that Taariq ibn Shihaab said: “A Jewish man said to ‘Umar, ‘O Commander of the faithful, if this aayah – ‘This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My Favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion’ [al-Maa’idah 5:3 – interpretation of the meaning] – had been revealed to us, we would have taken that day as an ‘Eid (festival).” ‘Umar said, “I know on which day this aayah was revealed; it was revealed on the Day of ‘Arafaah, which was a Friday.” (Narrated by al-Bukhaari, Al-I’tisaam bi’l-Kitaab wa’l-Sunnah, 6726).  Continue reading

Making du’aa’ in prayer in a language other than Arabic

If I don’t speak Arabic and I want to make Du’aa while I am in prayers. For example, in Tahajud while the prostration is long Can I make Du’aa in my language until I learn Arabic.

Praise be to Allaah.

Yes, it is permissible to make du’aa’ in a language other than Arabic, if one does not speak it. But the Muslim has to learn enough Arabic to do the acts of worship properly. And Allaah knows best. Continue reading

Can personal characteristics be changed by du’aa’?

Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,
I would be very grateful to Allah(SWT) and to our cheikh (jazaahullahu kairan) if he could answer a question that is very important to me. I would like to know whether Allah(SWT) could answer my prayer if I asked him to change one or more aspects about my personality, which he created in me (jabalani alaihaa), so that it becomes as part of my natural characteristics.
Wa jazaakum Allah kul keir,

Wassalmu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuhu.

Praise be to Allaah.

Allaah is Able to do all things, and if you pray to Him sincerely, he will answer your du’aa’. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“And when My slaves ask you concerning Me, then I am indeed near (to them by My Knowledge). I respond to the invocations of the supplicants when he calls on Me (without any mediator or intercessor). So let them obey Me and believe in Me, so that they may be led aright.” [al-Baqarah 2:186]

Among the evidence that du’aa’ may have the benefit of eliminating problematic characteristics is the hadeeth of Umm Salamah (may Allaah be pleased with her), who said: “Abu Salamah came to me one day after being with the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and said: ‘I heard from the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) something that made me very happy. He said, “There is no calamity that befalls one of the Muslims and he responds by saying ‘Innaa Lillaahi wa innaa ilahi raaji’oon (Truly, to Allaah we belong, and truly, to Him we shall return),’ then he says, ‘Allaahumma ujurni fi museebati w’ukhluf li khayran minha (O Allaah, reward me in this calamity and compensate me with something better than it),’ but Allaah will do that for him.”‘” Umm Salamah said: “I learnt this from him, and when Abu Salamah died, I said, ‘Innaa Lillaahi wa innaa ilahi raaji’oon,’ then , ‘Allaahumma ujurni fi museebati w’ukhluf li khayran minha,’ Then I thought to myself, Where could I find anyone better than Abu Salamah? When my ‘iddah (waiting-period) was over, the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) asked permission to see me, whilst I was busy dyeing a hide. I washed the qaraz (a kind of dye derived from a certain plant) from my hands and granted him permission, putting out for him a leather cushion stuffed with palm fibres. He sat down on it, and asked for my hand in marriage. When he had finished what he had to say, I said: ‘O Messenger of Allaah, I do not want you to lose interest in me, but I am a very jealous woman, and I am afraid that you may see in me something that could earn me the punishment of Allaah. I am also a woman who is ageing, and I have children.’ He said, ‘As for the jealousy you mentioned, Allaah will take this away from you (according to another report: as for you saying that you are a jealous woman, I will pray to Allaah to take away your jealousy). As for what you say about age, the same applies to me as to you. As for your children, your children are my children.’ So I accepted his offer and the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) married me. Allaah gave me someone even better than Abu Salamah, namely the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).” Continue reading