The virtue of the last ten days of Ramadaan and Laylat al-Qadr

The virtue of the last ten days of Ramadaan and Laylat al-Qadr

Praise be to Allaah, the Lord of the Worlds, and peace and blessings be upon the Trustworthy Prophet Muhammad and upon all his family and companions.

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to strive hard (in worship) during the last ten days of Ramadaan in a way that he did not strive at any other times.

(Muslim, 1175, from ‘Aa’ishah). Among the things he did were secluding himself in I’tikaaf and seeking Laylat al-Qadr during this time. (Al-Bukhaari, 1913; Muslim, 1169). In al-Saheehayn it is reported from the hadeeth of ‘Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) that when the last ten days of Ramadaan came, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) would stay up at night, wake his family and gird his loins. (al-Bukhaari, 1920; Muslim, 1174). Muslim added: he strove hard and girded his loins.

Her phrase “girded his loins” is a metaphor for his preparing himself to worship and strive hard in worship, more than usual. It has the meaning of “rolling up one’s sleeves” to worship (i.e. getting ready to make a great deal of effort).

It was also said that it was a metaphor for keeping away from women and abstaining from sexual relations.

The phrase “stay up at night” means that he would stay awake, spending the night in prayer, etc. It was reported in another hadeeth that ‘Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) said: “I never saw the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) recite the entire Qur’aan in one night, or spend a whole night in prayer until the morning, or fast an entire month, except in Ramadaan.”

(Sunan al-Nasaa’i, 1641). The words “stay up at night” may mean that he spent most of the night in worship, or that he did not stay up for the entire night, but he did that at the times of ‘Ishaa and Suhoor, and other times, in which case it would mean that he stayed up for most of the night. Continue reading

It is hard for him to go to work so he signs in as present on the days when he is absent

I decided to take early retirement and move to the city where my family and my wife’s family live because my wife’s mother is very sick and needs to have her daughter close by. 
So I rented an apartment in that city and moved my furniture there. 
I submitted a letter of resignation to my work, but the boss advised me to delay it a little because they were going to open a branch in the city to which I was moving, or they were thinking of offering compensation to those who wanted to retire. For two months I have only been in to work a few times, and I sign for all the days on which I am absent from work.
 My question is: is my situation and my absence from work right or not? If it is not right, what is the ruling on the past days when I signed but was not present? Should I give my salary for those two months to the administration to spend on the department, so they can buy office supplies or computer equipment that the department needs? Or should I give it in charity? What is the ruling? Or should I carry on going two days a week and signing for the other days?.

Praise be to Allaah.


We ask Allaah to reward you with good for your desire to treat your wife’s mother kindly and to bring your wife close to her family, and for the travelling, moving and giving up work that you are putting up with for this purpose.  Continue reading

She did an operation during Ramadaan and bled for several days

During Ramadaan I had an operation on my reproductive organs which had nothing to do with a miscarriage or giving birth, and I bled for several days after the operation. The doctor told me that I could fast, so I fasted. What is the ruling on my fast?.

Praise be to Allaah.


The blood that comes out of a woman may be menstruation or nifaas (postpartum bleeding), in which case her fasting is not valid, according to scholarly consensus, because of the report narrated by al-Bukhaari (1951) from Abu Sa’eed (may Allaah be pleased with him) who said: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Is it not the case that when she menstruates, she does not pray or fast?”

Or it may be neither menstruation nor nifaas, such as the blood that comes out because of a haemorrhage in the uterus or because of surgery, etc. This does not mean that a woman cannot pray and fast, rather the woman is taahirah (pure) and may do what women who are pure do, except that she should do wudoo’ for each prayer after the time for it begins.

See also question no. 39494

Hence when the woman who was suffering from istihaadah (non-menstrual vaginal bleeding) asked the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), “O Messenger of Allaah, I do not become pure, should I stop praying?” the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “That is just a vein and is not menstruation. When the usual time of menstruation comes, stop praying, and when it is over, wash the blood from yourself and pray.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 306; Muslim, 333.  Continue reading

He was fasting then he traveled to another country where they started fasting later; should he fast thirty-one days?

If I start fasting in my country, then I travel during Ramadaan to another country where the month started a day later, at the end of the month if they fast for thirty days, should I fast with them, in which case I will have fasted for thirty-one days?.

Praise be to Allaah.

If a person travels from one country where he started fasting at the beginning of the month, to another country where Eid al-Fitr comes later, then he should continue fasting and should not break the fast until they do.

Shaykh Ibn Baaz (may Allaah have mercy on him) was asked:

I come from eastern Asia, where the hijri months start a day later than in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. I am going to travel to my homeland during Ramadaan. I started fasting in Saudi, but at the end of the month we will have fasted thirty-one days. What is the ruling on our fast? How many days should we fast?

He replied:

If you start fasting in Saudi or anywhere else, then you fast the rest of the month in your homeland, break the fast when they do, even if that is more than thirty days, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The fast starts on the day you fast and the breaking of the fast comes on the day you break the fast.” But if you have not completed twenty-nine days of the month, then you have to complete it, because the month cannot be less than twenty-nine days.

End quote from Majmoo’ Fataawa Ibn Baaz, 15/155  Continue reading

Fasting During Short Days In Ramadan

I am now living close to the arctic circle where during the winter we have up to only 4.5 hours of daylight. During Ramadan am I to only fast these hours? If Ramadan were to fall during the time around the longest day of the year we would have 24hrs. of daylight. Am I then to take the schedule followed by a city farther south than I am, such as Vancouver? My question also pertains to prayer times.
Thank you.

Al-hamdu lillaah

If you are living in a country where you can clearly distinguish between day and night, then during Ramadan you are required to fast from the break of dawn to sunset regardless of the length of day.

May Allaah make us fortunate by guiding us to that which pleases him and helping us worship him in the best way possible. Continue reading

He is travelling for ten days, can he avail himself of the concession allowed to travellers?

I work in the oil field , i have to go to the rig offshore at lest 10 days a month , my job i work two or three days in a row if iam in town i fast , but if i go to the rig and it is 1 hour flight is it concider on travel and i dont have to fast ?.

Praise be to Allaah.

If you have a place where you stay at the oil field, then you are not regarded as being a traveller once you get there, rather you have to fast in your city and in your workplace, and you are a traveller only for the distance between them when you are coming and going.

In this case the ruling is like that on one who has two wives in different cities; he is known as saahib al-iqaamatayn (one who has two places of residence). So he has to offer prayers in full and fast in both places, and he may break his fast and shorten his prayers when travelling between them.

If you do not have a place of residence at work at the oil field, rather it is only work, then you are a traveller and it is permissible for you not to fast when you are at work, until you come back, but you still have to pray.

And Allaah knows best. Continue reading

She did not make up the days when she had her period and now she cannot fast

I did not fast on the days of my period in previous years, and I did not know that I had to fast these days before the next Ramadaan came. Now I suffer medical problems and am weak, and I cannot fast these days. It is permissible for me to feed poor people instead? If that is permissible, I do not know how many days are involved so how should I go about feeding them?.

Praise be to Allaah.


When a woman does not fast because of her period, she has to make up the days that she missed, because ‘Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) said: “That – meaning menstruation – used to happen to us and we were told to make up the fasts but we were not told to make up the prayers.” Narrated by Muslim, 335.  Continue reading

Is there any other way to compensate for missed fasts due to pregnancy and breastfeeding apart from fasting those days at a later time?

As-salamu Alaikum,
If a woman misses several years of fasting the month of Ramdan due to pregnancy and breastfeeding is she obligated to make these up by fasting each day? Is there another option that she may take such as feeding the poor because it would be very difficult for her to make up so many days? Some women are pregnant or breastfeeding for many years in a row without an opportunity to make them up. Also, does she need to make these up before she can do voluntary fasting such as during the month of Shawwal? If this is the case, then it may be difficult for her to gain the rewards of fasting during this month since she would need to make up the missed days first ? Is the opportunity to make up days lost after a certain time period ? For example, if the woman had not made them up before the next Ramadan is the opportunity lost ?
Jazak Allah Khair.

Praise be to Allaah.

A Muslim woman who misses any fasts in Ramadaan because of being pregnant or breastfeeding must make them up after she no longer has that excuse, just like the sick person of whom Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): “… but if any of you is ill or on a journey, the same number (should be made up) from other days…” [al-Baqarah 2:184]

A woman may space out these days (i.e., she does not have to fast them all at once, consecutively), as this is easier for her. (See also “Seventy Questions About Fasting “,

, under the heading Books on this web-page).

It is better to make up missed days before the next Ramadaan comes, but if the excuse is still present, she may delay making them up until she is able to do so. She should not resort to feeding poor people (instead of fasting) unless she is totally unable to fast. And Allaah knows best. Continue reading

He died owing two days of Ramadan because he was sick; what should his children do?

My father died owing two days of Ramadan because he was sick in the year before the year in which he died. He died in Shawwaal and he said that he was going to feed poor people in return for those days. What is the ruling and what do we have to do with regard to that? Should we fast on his behalf and feed the poor, or feed the poor only? Please note that we do not know whether he fed poor persons or fasted to make up those days, because he had diabetes and used to fast Ramadan even though it was difficult for him.

Praise be to Allaah.

If your father was able to make up the days that he owed from the previous Ramadan, but he neglected to make them up before the Ramadan after which he died began, then it is better for you if one of you fasts and makes up these two days that he owed, because the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “Whoever dies owing fasts, his heir should fast on his behalf.” Agreed upon. And if you feed the poor on his behalf by giving a saa‘ of the local staple food, which is equivalent to approximately 3 kg, that will be sufficient.

But if before Ramadan he was unable to make up the two days because of sickness, then you do not have to make them up or feed poor persons, because he was not negligent.

And Allah is the source of strength; may Allah send blessings and peace upon our Prophet Muhammad and his family and companions. End quote.

Standing Committee for Academic Research and Issuing Fatwas  Continue reading

She has days to make up from Ramadan but she cannot remember how many they are

My wife has days to make up from the previous year, but she has forgotten exactly how many days she has to make up. What should she do?.

Praise be to Allaah.

What is required of the one who did not fast some days in Ramadan because of an excuse such as travelling, sickness, menstruation or postpartum bleeding (nifaas) is to make them up, because Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“but if any of you is ill or on a journey, the same number (should be made up) from other days”

[al-Baqarah 2:184].

Muslim (335) narrated that ‘Aa’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) was asked: Why does a menstruating woman have to make up missed fasts but not missed prayers? She said: That used to happen to us and we were commanded to make up the fasts but we were not commanded to make up the prayers.

If your wife has forgotten the number of days that she owes, and is not sure whether it was six or seven for example, she only has to do six, because in principle she does not owe any days (except those she is certain about). But if she fasts seven in order to be on the safe side, that is better, so that she can be certain that she has fulfilled the obligation.

If she does not remember anything about the number of days she owes, then she should fast whatever she thinks most likely to fulfil the obligation.  Continue reading