Putting up educational pictures for children

What is the ruling on putting up educational pictures for children in their rooms, such as posters for teaching the alphabet, on which there is a picture for each letter?.

Praise be to Allaah.

There is nothing wrong with teaching children the alphabet by writing letters with appropriate pictures, even if they are pictures of animate beings, because of the concession allowing “dolls for girls”, and because concessions may be granted to small children that are not granted to adults. Putting up these pictures will not do any harm, because they are images that are permitted, unless the pictures are put up with the aim of venerating the images themselves; if there is no such intention and the pictures are permitted, there is nothing wrong with having them on the ground or hung on the wall.

See also questions no. 137174 and 20325

And Allah knows best. Continue reading

Ruling on sponsoring Islamic activities for children with lottery money

Is it permissible for Muslims to benefit from lottery money to support Islamic activities for little children? This money is given to communities in need, to improve their lives. In the West this money is regarded as an official source of sponsoring, because all other sponsors offer less money in comparison to them (the lottery organisation). This money (if it is given) will be used to serve the interests of Muslim children, to provide sporting activities and social skills training in a safe environment.

Praise be to Allaah.

The lottery is a form of gambling which Allah, may He be exalted, has forbidden and called an abomination of Shaytaan’s handiwork. Allah, may He be exalted, says (interpretation of the meaning):

“O you who believe! Intoxicants (all kinds of alcoholic drinks), gambling, AlAnsab, and AlAzlam (arrows for seeking luck or decision) are an abomination of Shaitan’s (Satan) handiwork. So avoid (strictly all) that (abomination) in order that you may be successful.

91. Shaitan (Satan) wants only to excite enmity and hatred between you with intoxicants (alcoholic drinks) and gambling, and hinder you from the remembrance of Allah and from As-Salat (the prayer). So, will you not then abstain?”

[al-Maa’idah 5:90-91].

If what is meant is some Muslims or Islamic organisations holding a lottery or raffle to benefit from the proceeds to support children’s activities and so on, this is something that is haraam and is not permissible. Continue reading

Is it permissible to agree not to have children or to stipulate that in the marriage contract?

Is it possible in a misyaar marriage to agree not to have children?.

Praise be to Allaah.


We have discussed the ruling on misyaar marriage [Misyaar marriage is where a man does a shar‘i marriage contract with a woman, meeting the conditions of marriage, but the woman gives up some of her rights such as accommodation, maintenance or the husband’s staying overnight with her] in the answer to question no. 85369, where we stated that it is a valid marriage if it fulfils the conditions and essential parts of marriage and is free of any impediments, but it is not the best option because of what it leads to of harm and negative consequences, that we discussed there.  Continue reading

He wants to donate his udhiyah so that his wife and children can travel

I have a friend who lives in Germany; he is a university student and is married with one daughter. His wife and daughter are not going to spend Eid with him; rather they are going to travel to his country and he is going to stay in Germany by himself. He has offered a sacrifice every year since he got married, but this year he wants to donate his udhiyah to a family in need, because he is going to spend Eid in Germany on his own, and he can only afford one udhiyah. Should he donate it or should he offer the udhiyah himself?
Please note that that he is a student and does not have a fixed income; rather he works when he is not studying. Is it permissible for him to donate it or not?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Offering the udhiyah is a confirmed Sunnah (Sunnah mu’akkadah) that should be done regularly and it should be done openly and propagated among the Muslims. Some of the scholars are of the view that it is obligatory; hence to be on the safe side, it is better not to omit it except if one has an excuse.

Slaughtering the udhiyah is preferable to giving its price in charity or donating a sheep, because by slaughtering it one draws closer to Allah, may He be exalted, and makes the ritual manifest. Continue reading

Are the marriages of the disbelievers regarded as valid for them and are the children to be attributed to them?

Without nikah child birth is haram. it means every non Muslim in todays world is living haram? because his/her parents didn’t do nikah. can u clear my mind about this. basically my question is. in today’s world is every non Muslim live haram?.

Praise be to Allaah.


Marriages that are regarded by the disbelievers as valid are approved by Islam and deemed to be valid, and the same consequences apply to them as to marriages that are sound according to sharee‘ah, such as legitimacy of children and inheritance between the spouses, and other rulings connected to valid marriage.

At the time of the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) many people became Muslim and he did not ask about the details or conditions of their marriages; rather he approved of them, which indicated that they were valid.   Continue reading

Does the father have to pay zakaat al-fitr on behalf of his children if they live with their mother?

Does the father have to pay zakaat al-fitr on behalf of his children if they live with their mother?.

Praise be to Allaah.


Zakaat al-Fitr is an act of worship that the Muslim is obliged to perform by himself or through his deputy or proxy. This has been discussed in the answer to question no. 99353

Based on that, the husband is not obliged to pay zakaat al-fitr on behalf of his wife or his parents. But in the case of his children, if they are adults of sound mind, he does not have to pay zakaat al-fitr on their behalf either, whether they are rich or poor. But if they are still minors, if they have their own wealth then they should pay zakaat al-fitr from their wealth; if they do not have any wealth then zakaat al-fitr should be paid on their behalf by their father, even if they are in the mother’s custody.  Continue reading

Ruling on children’s transactions

If it is not valid for a child to sell anything except for a small amount, what is regarded as a small amount?.

Praise be to Allaah.

The fuqaha’ differed as to whether it is valid for children to buy or sell. Some of them regarded that as permissible if done with the permission of the child’s guardian, and some did not regard it as permissible regardless of whether or not the guardian gave permission. Some of them regarded as permissible transactions undertaken by a child for a small amount without his guardian’s permission.  Continue reading

Selling products to children for more than the wholesale price

Can a Muslim sell products that he has purchased wholesale having a price ready-printed on them (e.g. canned drinks on special offers) at a higher price to others, in particular to Muslim children?

Praise be to Allaah.

There is nothing wrong with increasing the price, because this is what trading and business are based on. But there exists the condition that this should not involve lying, cheating or hoarding something that people need, such as food staples, etc. Continue reading

He teaches children at home in return for a monthly payment; if the child is absent is he entitled to payment?

I teach children Arabic and Qur’aan in my house in return for a monthly payment from the family as agreed between us. If a child is absent from the class for a day or a week or a month, is it permissible for me to take the payment in full without giving anything back to the family in return for that day or week during which the child was absent? Please note that I cannot put another child in his place for this day or week or even month, because this time is set aside for that child and cannot be given to anyone else. Please advise me, may Allah reward you with good.

Praise be to Allaah.

If the agreement with the child’s guardian is to pay a specific monthly payment and it was possible for the child to attend but he did not attend, then you are entitled to take the payment in all cases, whether he is present or absent, so long as his absence was not due to some shortcomings on your part, because the payment is due just for setting aside time for the child.

But if the payment agreed upon between you is per class, such that for each class there is a set payment, and the time or place was not set aside for this particular child, or the child was not able to attend because of some reason that was your fault, then you are not entitled to payment except for the classes that you actually taught. In that case you have to give back the payment for the classes during which the child was absent.

The basic principle is that payment is dependent on work done.  Continue reading

Taking fees from children to look at animals and birds

I am a supervisor of activities in a women’s centre and the management have suggested to me some activities that we can do for which we will take some money from the female students to attend these activities, such as selling some birds and animals, and these students will have the choice of buying or not buying, but before they can look at what there is in the hall, they will be asked to pay some money for admission. Please note that the students are young and have not reached the age of discernment, such as four or five years old. Is it permissible or does it come under the heading of selling unknown items?.

Praise be to Allaah.


The fuqaha’ differed concerning the validity of transactions made by a minor. The most likely view is that it is permissible in two cases:

(i) When it involves something of little value; in which case it is valid even if the child is below the age of discernment;

(ii) When it is done with the permission of his parent or guardian.

Items of small value are things like a loaf of bread or a piece of candy and the like.

It says in Mataalib Ooli al-Nuha (3/10): Except with regard to items of little value, such as a loaf of bread or bunch of herbs or a piece of candy and the like. Continue reading