Can one who is suffering from urinary incontinence lead the prayer?.
Praise be to Allaah.
It is permissible for a person who is suffering from urinary incontinence to lead in prayer one who is similarly afflicted, but with regard to him leading a healthy man in prayer, there is a difference of scholarly opinion as to whether it is permissible for him to do so.
Some scholars are of the view that it is not permitted and that the prayer is invalid, and others are of the view that it is permitted.
It says in al-Mawsoo’ah al-Fiqhiyyah (25/187):
The fuqaha’ are unanimously agreed that if the imam is sick and suffering from incontinence, and the person praying behind him is similarly afflicted, then his prayer is valid. But if the imam is sick and suffering from incontinence, and the person praying behind him is healthy, then there is a difference of opinion among the fuqaha’ as to whether it is permissible for a sick person to lead healthy people in prayer. There are two opinions:
1 – The view of the Hanafis and Hanbalis is that it is not permissible, because those who have limitations may pray with hadath (impurity) in a real sense, but the hadath in their case is regarded as if it does not exist, because they need to perform their duties; this is an exception which applies only to them, as the degree of necessity should not be overestimated. The healthy man is in a stronger position than the one who has limitations, and something strong cannot be built on something that is weak.
2 – The view of the Maalikis and Shaafa’is is that it is permissible, because their prayer is valid and does not have to be repeated, and because if they are excused, others may be excused also. But the Maalikis stated that it is makrooh for people with limitations to lead healthy people in prayer. End quote.
See al-Majmoo’, 4/160 Continue reading