Can a woman say “Ameen” out loud when she is praying with her husband at home?

Do women say “Ameen” quietly in salaah at home with their husbands and in the masjid? What about with other women?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Firstly:

Saying “Ameen” is Sunnah for every worshipper when he finishes reciting al-Faatihah.

Al-Nawawi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said in al-Majmoo’, 3/371:

Saying “Ameen” is Sunnah for every worshipper after al-Faatihah, whether he is leading the prayer or is following an imam, or praying alone, for men, women and children, whether they are praying standing up, sitting down or lying down (i.e., if they have an excuse), whether they are praying an obligatory prayer or a naafil prayer, whether the prayer is one in which Qur’aan is recited silently or out loud. There is no difference of opinion concerning this among any of our companions. Continue reading

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can my wife and i can pray in congregation

i live about eight miles from mosque and we pray at home.
my question is if most of times i cannot go to mosque how it effects and can my wife and i can pray in congregation and can i say the aqamat and if my wife once a month cannot pray can i still pray in congregation with my 10 year and 7 year old boys and can they say aqamat.
please help me and correct me so i can do better.

Praise be to Allaah.

As the mosque is far away, it is permissible for you to pray in your home, and to lead your family in prayer. Do as the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did, as described in the hadeeth narrated by Anas (may Allaah be pleased with him) and reported by al-Bukhaari and Muslim: “He said to them, ‘Get up and let him lead you in prayer.’ The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) stood up, and the orphan and I formed a row behind him, and the old woman stood behind us. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) led us in a two-rak’ah prayer, then he left.”

Make your two children stand behind you in one row, and their mother can stand behind them. If their mother is not praying because of menstruation etc., then lead the two children in prayer, with them standing behind you in one row. It is OK if a boy who has reached the age of discretion recites the Iqaamah. The age of discretion is usually seven years or above. He can recite the Iqaamah so long as he understands the basic essentials of the prayer. And Allaah knows best. Continue reading

Can prayers be led by one who is suffering from urinary incontinence?

Can one who is suffering from urinary incontinence lead the prayer?.

Praise be to Allaah.

It is permissible for a person who is suffering from urinary incontinence to lead in prayer one who is similarly afflicted, but with regard to him leading a healthy man in prayer, there is a difference of scholarly opinion as to whether it is permissible for him to do so.

Some scholars are of the view that it is not permitted and that the prayer is invalid, and others are of the view that it is permitted.

It says in al-Mawsoo’ah al-Fiqhiyyah (25/187):

The fuqaha’ are unanimously agreed that if the imam is sick and suffering from incontinence, and the person praying behind him is similarly afflicted, then his prayer is valid. But if the imam is sick and suffering from incontinence, and the person praying behind him is healthy, then there is a difference of opinion among the fuqaha’ as to whether it is permissible for a sick person to lead healthy people in prayer. There are two opinions:

1 – The view of the Hanafis and Hanbalis is that it is not permissible, because those who have limitations may pray with hadath (impurity) in a real sense, but the hadath in their case is regarded as if it does not exist, because they need to perform their duties; this is an exception which applies only to them, as the degree of necessity should not be overestimated. The healthy man is in a stronger position than the one who has limitations, and something strong cannot be built on something that is weak.

2 – The view of the Maalikis and Shaafa’is is that it is permissible, because their prayer is valid and does not have to be repeated, and because if they are excused, others may be excused also. But the Maalikis stated that it is makrooh for people with limitations to lead healthy people in prayer. End quote.

See al-Majmoo’, 4/160 Continue reading

Can women pray following the imaam in a tent outside the mosque?

In some mosques they make additional space for women outside the mosque because some women come to the mosque with children who disturb other worshippers with their loud voices. So they put a tent in the parking lot of the mosque for them, with stairs or a small laneway between the tent and the mosque, and they put loudspeakers in the tent. What is the ruling on prayer in this tent?

Praise be to Allaah.

We put this question to Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah preserve him) who replied that it is not permissible to pray outside the mosque except in cases of necessity, and this is not a case of necessity. The women who have children with them (who disturb others) should be told not to come at all, because they are causing annoyance to others, or else they have to pray outside the mosque without. So this tent should not be put up for them outside the mosque. And Allaah knows best. Continue reading

Is it permissible for him to complete the purchase when he can hear the call to prayer?

Sometimes when I’m in the market place and I am in a store and have chosen something and am at the checkout, the call to prayer is given. Is it permissible for me to complete the purchase or is that haraam?
Also, sometimes we are in the car and the muezzin has already given the call to prayer, and we stop at the grocery and my brother asks the shopkeeper to sell him something. Does this also come under the prohibition?.

Praise be to Allaah.

If that is the adhaan for Jumu‘ah prayer that comes after the khateeb has ascended the minbar, then it is haraam to buy and sell at that time, because Allah says (interpretation of the meaning): “O you who believe (Muslims)! When the call is proclaimed for the Salaah (prayer) on Friday (Jumu‘ah prayer), come to the remembrance of Allaah [Jumu‘ah religious talk (Khutbah) and Salaah (prayer)] and leave off business (and every other thing). That is better for you if you did but know!” [al-Jumu‘ah 62:9].

The words “O you who believe (Muslims)! When the call is proclaimed for the Salaah (prayer) on Friday (Jumu‘ah prayer), come to the remembrance of Allaah [Jumu‘ah religious talk (Khutbah) and Salaah (prayer)] and leave off business” mean: stop dealing with trade and come and listen to the khutbah and perform Jumu‘ah prayer in the mosque with the imam. This means that it is haraam to buy and sell after the second adhaan which comes when the khateeb sits on the minbar, until the prayer ends, unless there is a case of necessity which calls for buying or selling, such as buying water for the purpose of purification or a garment to cover one’s ‘awrah for prayer. End quote.

Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah, 13/101-102 Continue reading

Can the same soorah be repeated in prayer?

I dont know many suras as I am still learing.Was wondering for tarweeh prayers can i repeatly say the same ones?.

Praise be to Allaah.

There is nothing wrong with repeating the same soorah in Taraweeh prayer, or in any other prayer. A person may recite a soorah in the first rak’ah and repeat the same soorah in the second. The evidence for that is the general meaning of the verse in which Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“Verily, your Lord knows that you do stand (to pray at night) a little less than two thirds of the night, or half the night, or a third of the night, and also a party of those with you. And Allaah measures the night and the day. He knows that you are unable to pray the whole night, so He has turned to you (in mercy). So, recite you of the Qur’aan as much as may be easy for you”
[al-Muzzammil 73:20]

Abu Dawood narrated (816) from Mu’aadh ibn ‘Abd-Allaah al-Juhani that a man from Juhaynah told him that he heard the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) reciting Idha zulzilat al-ard [al-Zalzalah 99] in both rak’ahs of Fajr prayer and (he said) I do not know whether the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) forgot or he recited that deliberately. This report was classed as hasan by al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood. Continue reading

Can he be alone with a woman to lead her in prayer?

Is it permissible to be alone with a woman in order to lead her in prayer?.

Praise be to Allaah.It is not permissible for a man to be alone with a woman who is not his mahram. 

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “No man should be alone with a woman unless there is a mahram with her.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari (5233) and Muslim (1341).

And he (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “No man is alone with a (non-mahram) woman but the shaytaan is the third one present.” Narrated by Ahmad (178) and classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Irwa’ al-Ghaleel (1813).

These ahaadeeth are general in meaning and indicate that it is haraam for a man to be alone with a non-mahram woman under any circumstances, even if that is for the purpose of prayer. The scholars have stated that this is forbidden.

Al-Nawawi said in al-Majmoo’ (4/174):

Our companions said: If a man leads his wife or a mahram of his in prayer, and he is alone with her, that is permissible and is not makrooh, because it is permissible for him to be alone with her when not praying. But if he leads a non-mahram woman in prayer and is alone with her, that is haraam for him and for her, because of the saheeh ahaadeeth which I shall quote below insha Allaah … then he quoted the ahaadeeth that we have mentioned above. End quote.

It says in al-Mawsoo’ah al-Fiqhiyyah (19/267):

The fuqaha’ are unanimously agreed that being alone with a non-mahram woman is haraam. They said: No man should be alone with a woman who is not his mahram or his wife, rather she is a non-mahram, because the shaytaan may whisper to them when they are alone, inciting them to do that which is not permitted. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:  “No man is alone with a (non-mahram) woman but the shaytaan is the third one present.”  And they said: If he leads the non-mahram woman in prayer and is alone with her, that is haraam for him and for her. End quote. Continue reading

Can a woman lead prayer if she knows more Qur’aan?

AsSalaam ALaik,
Who leads the prayer between husband and wife if the wife knows much more of the Quran than the man ?
The one who knows more Quran leads ?
Or the man leads ?
Please let me know ASAP.
Jazakallahu Khairan.

Praise be to Allaah.

Ibn Hazam (may Allaah have mercy on him) said in his book Al-Muhallaa bi’l-Aathaar, 317:

“… It is not permissible for a woman to lead a man or men in prayer, and there is no dispute on this matter. Also, it has been reported that a woman invalidates a man’s prayer if she passes in front of him, which we will discuss further in a later chapter, in sha Allaah. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) also said, “The imaam is a protection (or a shield),” and ruled that (women) should definitely be behind men in prayer. The imaam should stand in front of the congregation or with them in the same row, as we have already mentioned. From these texts it is clear that it is not correct for a woman to lead a man or men in prayers.” (al-Muhallaa, part 2, Salaat al-Jamaa’ah).

‘Ali ibn Sulaymaan al-Mardaawi al-Hanbali (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: “With regard to his saying ‘It is not right for a woman to lead a man in prayer’, and this applies whatever the case.” (Al-Insaaf, part 2, Baab Salaat al-Jamaa’ah).

And Allaah knows best. Continue reading

If the one who knows more Qur’an holds Ash’ari beliefs, can he still lead the prayer?

If an Ash’ari knows more Qur’an, can he lead the prayer or not?

Praise be to Allaah.

We put this question to Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen, may Allaah preserve him, who replied as follows:

“If he does not call others to follow his bid’ah and is not stubborn when the truth becomes clear to him, there is nothing wrong with him leading the prayer, otherwise, it is better if someone else leads the prayer even if he knows less Qur’an. And Allaah knows best.” Continue reading

He recites the soorah after al-Faatihah quietly so that the congregation can recite al-Faatihah

After reciting al-Faatihah in Jumu’ah (Friday) prayers, the Imaam recites part of the following soorah in a low voice, so that those who believe that it is obligatory for members of the congregation to recite al-Faatihah can do so. Then the imaam recites the rest of the soorah out loud. Is this bid’ah?

Praise be to Allaah.

We put this question to Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen, may Allaah preserve him, who answered as follows:

Yes, this is bid’ah. And Allaah knows best. Continue reading