He was traveling but he forgot and stood up for a third rak’ah

A man was travelling and he stood up for a third rak’ah in a prayer that he had intended to shorten. Does he have to sit back down or should he offer the prayer in full? What does he have to do?.

Praise be to Allaah.

It is better for him to sit back down, because he started the prayer on the basis that he intended to pray two rak’ahs, so he should pray two rak’ahs and no more. And he should do the prostration of forgetfulness after the salaam. But if he continues and offers the prayer in full, there is nothing wrong with that. Continue reading

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Ruling on one who reads Qur’aan but does not pray

I used to read Qur’aan every day but I did not pray. I heard some people say that it is haraam for a person who does not pray to read Qur’aan, so I stopped reading Qur’aan. Is this right? Please advise us, may Allaah reward you with good.

Praise be to Allaah.

Prayer is the greatest pillar of Islam after the Shahaadatayn. The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Between a person and kufr and shirk stands the abandonment of prayer.” (Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 2766. Classed as saheeh by Ibn Maajah, 1078,  and by al-Albaani).

Salaah is so called because it is a connection (silah) between a person and his Lord. Whoever does not pray, his zakaah, fasting, Hajj, jihaad, enjoining of what is good, forbidding of what is evil, reading of Qur’aan and upholding of family ties will not be accepted. Indeed, all his good deeds will be rejected if he does not pray.

The scholars, including Imaam Ahmad, said that whoever does not pray should be executed as a kaafir, and his body should not be washed or shrouded, the funeral prayer should not be offered over him, he should not be buried in the Muslims’ graveyard and his Muslim heirs cannot inherit from him.

It is not permissible for you to abandon prayer, because you never know when death will catch you unawares.

The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said at the end of his life, during his final sickness:

“(Adhere to) prayer, (adhere to) prayer and (take care of) those whom your right hands possess (i.e., slaves).”

(Narrated by Imaam Ahmad, 3/117; Ibn Maajah, 2697; Ibn Hibbaan, 1220. Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in al-Irwaa’, no.2178).

Prayer is the pillar of Islam. Imaam Ahmad said: Your share of Islam is according to your share of prayer. What we want for you is for you to pray regularly, doing the prayers on time with the Muslims in their mosques. It is haraam for you to abandon prayer, for abandoning it is kufr. This issue has been discussed in great detail by the scholars in their books. And it was said that (the one who abandons prayer) is to be executed as a punishment, as is well known. And Allaah knows best. Continue reading

He hears the call to prayer but he does not respond

What is the ruling on one who hears the adhaan and even the iqaamah and the prayer itself, but does not come to pray? What is the ruling on one who prays Jumu’ah (Friday prayer) only?

Praise be to Allaah.

If a person hears the call to prayer but does not respond, his prayer (elsewhere and not in the mosque) does not count, unless he has a valid excuse. What is meant is that his prayer is imperfect and he is a sinner because he kept away from the prayer in congregation. Ibn Mas’ood (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: “No one keeps away from the prayer (in congregation) except a hypocrite who is known for his hypocrisy.” (Narrated by Muslim, 654) Not responding to the muezzin implies weakness of faith, lack of religious commitment, not caring about reward and forsaking the houses of Allaah.

With regard to the ruling on one who prays Jumu’ah only, some of the scholars are of the view that one who prays Jumu’ah only is a kaafir, because he comes under the same ruling as one who does not pray at all, because he prays only one of the thirty-five prayers required each week, so he is like one who does not pray at all. Among those who expressed this view were Shaykh ‘Abd al-‘Azeez ibn Baaz and Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on them). Some of the scholars said that he is not a kaafir but he is committing a great sin that is worse than riba (usury), adultery, stealing, drinking alcohol etc. Continue reading

He uttered the Shahaadatayn but he does not do any of the obligatory duties

What is the ruling on a man who says, “I bear witness that there is no god but Allaah, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger,” but he does not pray or do any of the obligatory duties, and he thinks that this will not affect him and that he will go to Paradise, and that his body will be forbidden for the Fire? And another man says, “I ask for what I need from Allaah and from you” Is this false or not? Is it permissible to say this or not?

Praise be to Allaah.

Whoever does not believe that the five daily prayers, paying zakaah, fasting in Ramadaan and going on Pilgrimage to the Ancient House are obligatory, and does not regard as haraam the things which Allaah has forbidden such as obscene actions, wrongdoing, shirk and lying, is a kaafir and an apostate. He should be asked to repent, and if he repents then all well and good, otherwise he should be executed – according to the consensus (ijmaa’) of the imaams of the Muslims. It is not enough for him merely to speak the words of the Shahaadatayn.

If he says, I accept that that is compulsory for me, and I know that it is fard (obligatory), and that whoever does not do it deserves the condemnation and punishment of Allaah, but I do not do it, then he also deserves punishment in this world and in the Hereafter, according to the consensus of the Muslims. He is obliged to pray the five daily prayers, according to scholarly consensus. Most of the scholars say that he should be ordered to pray, and if he does not pray, then he should be executed. If he persists in not praying until he is executed then he is a kaafir, according to scholarly consensus; he should not be washed, the funeral prayer should not be offered over him, and he should not be buried in the Muslim graveyard.

Whoever says that everyone who says the words of the Shahaadatayn, but does not do the obligatory duties or avoid things which are haraam, will enter Paradise, and that none of them will be punished in the Fire, is a kaafir and an apostate. He must be asked to repent, and if he repents, all  well and good – otherwise he should be executed. Those who utter the Shahaadatayn are of various kinds, and some of them are munaafiqoon (hypocrites) who will be in the lowest level of Hell, as Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning);

“Verily, the hyprocrites will be in the lowest depth (grade) of the Fire; no helper will you find for them.

Except those who repent (from hypocrisy), do righteous good deeds, hold fast to Allaah, and purify their religion for Allaah (by worshipping none but Allaah, and do good for Allaah’s sake only, not to show off), then they will be with the believers”

[al-Nisaa’ 4:145-146]

“Verily, the hypocrites seek to deceive Allaah, but it is He Who deceives them. And when they stand up for As-Salât (the prayer), they stand with laziness…”[al-Nisaa’ 4:142]

In Saheeh Muslim it is narrated that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “That is the prayer of the munaafiq. He waits until the sun is between the horns of the Shaytaan (i.e., just before sunset), then he pecks four times, and he does not remember Allaah, except a little.” (Muslim, 195/622). Continue reading

Their imam forgot a prostration then he repeated the rak’ah, but some of them did not repeat it

During ‘Isha’ prayer the imam led us in prayer, but he was not the official imam. In the last rak’ah he did not do the second prostration, and he said the salaam without anyone noticing it or reminding him. A few minutes later, one of the worshippers came and told him about that, so he got up straight away and said, “We will repeat the last rak’ah in order to do the prostration that was forgotten.”
Is this correct? Is it was not correct, then what is the correct thing to do? What is the ruling on those who did not do the second prostration with them?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Firstly:

If the imam forgets something during the prayer, then the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) commanded the members of the congregation to remind him. He said: “I am only human like you, and I forget as you forget, so if I forget then remind me.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 401. So the congregation in the mosque should have said tasbeeh (“Subhaan Allaah”) so that the imam would notice and would do the second prostration. Continue reading

He joined the prayer behind the imaam but his intention was different from that of the imaam

if at the time of asr with a jamaa’ah a person enters the salah thinking that he’s praying dhuhr and during the salah he realizes that its actually asr, what should he do when his niyaa(intention) changes during that prayer.  Does he have to cut the prayer at that point and make a new takbeeratul ihram?

Praise be to Allaah.

This question refers to one of two scenarios:

The first scenario is where the questioner has prayed Zuhr then he joins them to pray ‘Asr with the intention of praying Zuhr because he has forgotten, then during the prayer he remembers that this prayer is ‘Asr. In this case it is not correct for him to change his intention by now intending to pray ‘Asr. Rather he should stop praying, then say Allaahu akbar and re-join the prayer with the imaam, with the intention of praying ‘Asr. That is because the intention is a condition of the prayer’s validity. The basis for this (i.e., for the intention being required for prayer) is that whoever changes his intention for one specific prayer, whether it is fard (obligatory) or naafil (supererogatory), to another specific prayer, the prayer he originally intended to pray becomes invalid and cannot be counted as the other prayer for which he changed his intention. Rather he should stop praying the prayer that he initially intended, then say takbeerat al-ihram (say “Allaahu akbar” to start a prayer) with the intention to pray the other prayer. And Allaah knows best. See al-Sharh al-Mumti’, 2/296.

The second scenario is where he has not prayed Zuhr at all, and he comes to the mosque and finds them praying ‘Asr.

Shaykh Ibn Baaz (may Allaah have mercy on him) was asked: if a person has missed a prayer, such as Zuhr, then he remembers it when the iqaamah for ‘Asr prayer has been given, what should he do? He replied: What is prescribed for such a person is that he should pray with the current jamaa’ah (congregation), but with the intention of praying Zuhr, then he should pray ‘Asr after that, because it is obligatory to pray the prayers in the correct order, and that obligation is not to be ignored for fear of missing the prayer in congregation.

Elsewhere, he said: the difference of intention between the imaam and the one who is praying behind him does not matter, according to the correct scholarly view.

And Allaah knows best.

Fataawa al-Shaykh Ibn Baaz (may Allaah have mercy on him), vol 12, p. 190-191. Continue reading

Praying deliberately when one is not taahir is a major sin but it is not kufr

I know that its not allowed to pray if you have “Janabet” Now if someone have prayed with “Janabet” then what is the ruling of Islam on him. Let me make you the setuation little more clear. This person’s age was 20~21. And he went with his dad to mosque, over there his father “Ordered” him to conduct Jamat (Nimaz). Now in this setuation the guy was not able to tell his dad that he is in “Janabet” and needs Ghusal, so he did the “Wozoo” and conducted the jamat. Now from inside, he is broken totaly, and worried about his this SIN, he read in one book that if you conduct “Salat” wihtout WOZOO, then you are OUT OF ISLAM !!! …. Now in this setuation what he has to do ? Is he Out of ISLAM or NOT ? How he can overcome of his this SIM … and do TOWBA ? Do he need to do his EMAN’s TAJDEED ? I will be loooking forward to hear from your side, a detailed answer. I know that u have said that ask only related to Ramazan questions, but I have discovred your site now. So I hope that when u will have time then u will replay for this IMPORTANT question. My friend is really in Mental Trouble due to what happned.

Praise be to Allaah.

Firstly:

It is well known and no Muslim has any excuse for not knowing that purification from impurity, whether minor or major, is obligatory and is a condition of prayer being valid. Whoever prays without purifying himself, whether deliberately or by mistake, his prayer is invalid and he has to repeat it; if it is done deliberately then he has committed a major sin.

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:

The Muslim should not pray facing any direction other than the qiblah, or without doing wudoo’, bowing and prostrating. Whoever does that deserves to be criticized and punished. End quote.

Manhaaj al-Sunnah al-Nabawiyyah, 5/204

There is a stern warning issued to one who does that:

It was narrated from ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Mas’ood (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “It was ordered that one of the slaves of Allaah be flogged in his grave with one hundred lashes, but he kept asking until it was reduced to a single blow. So he was given a single blow, then his grave was filled with fire. When he came round, he said: ‘Why did you flog me?’ It was said to him: ‘You offered one prayer without being taahir, and you passed by one who was being wronged and did not help him.’” Narrated by al-Tahhaawi in Mushkil al-Athaar, 4/231; classed as hasan by al-Albaani in al-Silsilah al-Saheehah, 2774. Continue reading

Smoking is haraam but it does not invalidate wudoo’

What is the Islamic ruling on selling all kinds of tobacco? I smoke but when I hear the muezzin I enter the mosque. Do I have to repeat my wudoo’, or is rinsing out the mouth sufficient? I know that smoking causes various diseases.

Praise be to Allaah.

It is haraam to sell tobacco because it is evil and causes a great deal of harm. The one who does that is regarded as a faasiq (rebellious evildoer). It is not essential to repeat wudoo’ after smoking but it is prescribed to get rid of the foul smell from the mouth by using something that will take it away. It is also essential to hasten to repent to Allaah from that. End quote. Continue reading

Her period comes regularly but the bleeding stops for half a day or a day at the beginning and end

My wife gets her period regularly, but it starts with a little bleeding, which then stops for half a day or a full day. The same thing happens at the end of her period. When should she stop fasting and praying and when should she resume?.

Praise be to Allaah.

If a woman sees menstrual blood she must stop praying and fasting, and if the bleeding stops during the period it depends:

1 – If traces of blood remain, such that if she inserts a piece of cloth or whatever it comes out with traces of blood, then the period is not regarded as having ended, and she should still refrain from praying and fasting, whether that happens at the beginning of the period or at the end.

2 – If the bleeding stops altogether, such that if she inserts a piece of cloth it comes out clean with no traces of blood, then this is the sign that her period has ended, so she is taahir (pure). She should do ghusl and pray and fast and do all that women who are taahir do. Then if the bleeding resumes she should stop again.

The ruling that being free of any trace of blood during the time of menses is regarded as tuhr (purity) is the view of the Maalikis and Hanbalis.

See Mataalib Ooli al-‘Nuha, 1/260.

In the answer to question no. 37839 we have mentioned the view of the scholars of the Standing Committee:

If the menses stops for one day or one night during the time of menses, then she should do ghusl and pray whatever prayers come when she is taahir, because Ibn ‘Abbaas said: “If she sees blood that is heavy or copious, she should not pray, and if she sees the tuhr for a while, she should do ghusl. End quote.

Majallat al-Buhooth al-‘Ilmiyyah (12/102)

And Allaah knows best. Continue reading

Her periods stopped but a little bit of blood that was pale in colour came out

I took a contraceptive injection and my periods stopped, but every few days a bit of blood that is pale in colour comes out. Is the fast of that day invalidated? Do I have to do ghusl, or is wudoo’ sufficient?.

Praise be to Allaah.

With regard to the ruling on contraceptive injections, we have already answered this question. Please see question no. 21169.

With regard to the ruling on the drops of pale-coloured blood every few days, it seems that this is not menstruation, so it does not mean that you cannot pray and fast, and it does not require ghusl. Rather it is sufficient to do wudoo’.

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen was asked the following question:

If a few drops of blood come out of a woman during the day in Ramadaan, and that bleeding continues throughout Ramadaan and she is fasting, is her fast valid?

He replied:

Yes, her fast is valid. These few drops do not mean anything, as they come from a vein (and they are not menstrual blood). It was narrated that ‘Ali ibn Taalib (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: “These drops that are like a nosebleed are not menstruation.” This is what was narrated from him (may Allaah be pleased with him).

60 Su’aalaan fi’l-Hayd, p. 6

And Allaah knows best.

See also question no. 25784. Continue reading