Intercourse with female prisoners of war

At the present time, is it Halal to have a sexual intercourse with your Loundi (a female prisoner of war) without getting married to her?.

Praise be to Allaah.

It is not permissible for a man to have intercourse with anyone except his wife or his female slave (concubine). A wife becomes permissible after shar’i marriage and a concubine becomes permissible to the man who owns her. She may originally be a prisoner of war, and a Muslim may obtain a concubine from the ruler or commander if he took part in fighting in jihad, or if he buys her from her owner. She becomes permissible for him by virtue of his ownership after it is established that she is not pregnant by waiting for one menstrual cycle, or until she has given birth if she is pregnant.  Continue reading

What is the ruling on intimacy with slave women?

In Ar-Raheeo Al Makhtum (The Sealed Nectar) the author says in the section called  “The Prophet Household” that the Prophet (S.A.W.) had four concubines
1. Why is it that having concubines is not haram? 
2. Can other muslims have concubines?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Allaah is Most Wise in the laws that He decrees for His slaves, but this wisdom is only apparent to those who seek it and believe that Allaah is All Wise, and looks at the interests that are served by the laws of Allaah which no man can see unless he ponders the matter, especially when there are those who attack those laws because they go against what they think are right and wise.

With regard to your question about it being permissible for a master to be intimate with his slave woman, the answer is that that is because Allaah has permitted it. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“And those who guard their chastity (i.e. private parts, from illegal sexual acts)

6. Except from their wives or (the slaves) that their right hands possess, for then, they are free from blame”

[al-Mu’minoon 23:6; al-Ma’aarij 70:30]  Continue reading

Does a slave woman become free if her master marries her?

Does a slave woman become free if her master marries her?.

Praise be to Allaah.

The scholars are unanimously agreed that it is not permissible for the master to marry his slave woman, because the contract of ownership is stronger than the contract of marriage, and it contains all the same conditions as the marriage contract and more. It is permissible for him to marry the slave woman of another man if the conditions of that are fulfilled

Ibn Qudaamah (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:

The master does not have the right to marry his slave woman because ownership makes him entitled to benefit (from what he owns) and intimacy,

so it cannot be combined with a contract that is weaker than it. If he becomes his wife’s owner and she is a slave woman, her marriage contract is annulled; the same applies if a woman becomes the owner of her husband, her marriage contract is annulled. We do not know of any difference of opinion among the scholars concerning this. End quote.

Al-Mughni, 7/527  Continue reading

Islam and slavery

I often hear Christian missionaries criticizing Islam and accusing it because Islam permitted slavery, and saying that this is a transgression against man’s freedom and rights. How can we respond to these people?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Discussing slavery and asking questions about it on the part of those who promote Christianity and try to divert people from following the religion of Islam is something that annoys the wise person and makes him point the finger of accusation towards the ulterior motives that lie behind these questions.

That is because slavery is well established in Judaism and Christianity, where it has taken unjust forms. They have many books which discuss that in detail and condone it. Therefore it makes you wonder: how can these churchmen call people to Christianity when Christianity condones and legitimizes slavery?

In other words: how can they stir up an issue when they themselves are up to their necks in it?!

The issue of slavery is completely different when discussed from the angles of Christianity and Islam, and when compared with the situation that prevailed at the advent of Islam.

Hence we must discuss this topic in some detail with reference to what is said in Judaism, Christianity and contemporary culture on this matter, then we will speak of slavery in Islam.

Many lies have been fabricated about Islam on this topic, at a time when criminals with lengthy track records are safe and nobody points a finger at them.  Continue reading

He got to know her then he agreed with her that she would be his concubine!

About 6 months ago, through a (female) friend of mine I got to know a person who is travelling to complete his studies, and the way we got in touch with one another was via the internet. The way we spoke to one another was ordinary, like a brother and sister. He used to advise me about religious matters. About a month and a half ago, he asked to form a relationship with me and said that he would propose to me as soon as his studies finish, in two years’ time. But he surprised me one day by suggesting something I had never heard of before, to make it halaal for us to speak to one another and so that there would be nothing haraam in us speaking as two people who have a proper relationship with one another. He said that I should say to him, “I give my soul to you as a free Muslim woman, not any other man” and he would say, “I accept.” He told me that in this way I would become permissible to him and there would be nothing haraam in our talking to one another, rather we would become like a husband and wife. He described this to me as “mulk al-yameen” (what one’s right hand possesses, i.e., a slave or concubine) and said that he had asked people who are specialized in this subject and they said it is permissible. But have my doubts about this matter and I tried to ask many people whether this is correct or not. Is there such as thing as mulk al-yameen nowadays or not? I am really confused and I hope that you can help.

Praise be to Allaah.

You should note – may Allaah bless you – that our great religion has issued stern warnings against forming relationships between the sexes outside the framework of marriage. It firmly closes the door to the friendship programs that have become widespread in newspapers and magazines and over the internet; this is in order to prevent fitnah and to prevent love relationships that usually lead people to immoral actions and transgression of the scared limits of Allaah, Allaah forbid, or leads them to marriage which is likely to fail because it is based on suspicion and mistrust.  Continue reading

Intercourse with a slave woman is not regarded as zina (adultery)

Hadith 3.718 : I saw Abu Said and asked him about coitus interrupts. Abu Said said, “We went with Allah’s Apostle, in the Ghazwa of Bani Al-Mustaliq and we captured some of the ‘Arabs as captives, and the long separation from our wives was pressing us hard and we wanted to practice coitus interruptus. We asked Allah’s Apostle (whether it was permissible). He said, “It is better for you not to do so. No soul, (that Allah has) destined to exist, up to the Day of Resurrection, but will definitely come into existence.”
Does this mean that the Companions of the Prophet (SAW) didn’t commit adultery when they practiced ‘azl with the captive girls?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Firstly:

This hadeeth was narrated by al-Bukhaari (2542) from Ibn Muhayreez who said: I saw Abu Sa’eed (may Allaah be pleased with him) and I asked him. He said: We went out with the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) on the campaign of Banu al-Mustaliq, and we captured some prisoners from among the Arabs. We desired women and the period of abstention was hard for us, and we wanted to engage in ‘azl (coitus interruptus). We asked the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and he said, “There is no point in doing that, for there is no soul which Allaah has decreed should exist until the Day of Resurrection but it will come into existence.”
According to another report, They captured some female prisoners and wanted to be intimate with them without them becoming pregnant. They asked the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) about ‘azl and he said, “There is no point in doing that, for Allaah has decreed who should be created until the Day of Resurrection.”  Continue reading

It is not permissible for a master to have intercourse with his married slave woman

Is a man permitted to have sexual intercourse with a slave woman who is married?

Praise be to Allaah.

It is not permissible for a man to have intercourse with his slave woman who is married; whoever does that has committed a haraam (forbidden) action and is to be punished.

Ibn Qudaamah said in al-Mughni: if he marries off his slave woman, then it is forbidden for him to have intercourse with her… There is no doubt and no dispute concerning the prohibition on his having intercourse with her, for she is now permissible to her husband, and no woman can be permissible to two men. If he has intercourse with her then he is guilty of sin and must be punished. Ahmad said, he should be flogged but not stoned, i.e., his punishment (ta’zeer) should take the form of flogging.

Vol. 9, p. 497. Continue reading

The difference between slaves and prostitutes

I’ve heard that it is allowed for men to have intercourse with their slaves. Does that stand for women too, & if men can have intercourse with their slaves (the ones they have bought) then why is it so much ill thought of the prostitutes…they too are, kind of bought at others will, for shorter time period perhaps. Can you make all this clear & why is it so that Islam did not stop slavery….they are humans as well, & are against their will kept in captivity & against their will may be forced into intercourse?

Praise be to Allaah.

Slavery in Islam was originally prescribed because of Kufr. If there is jihaad between the Muslims and the kuffaar, and a number of kuffaar are taken prisoner, the commander is given the choice of sharing them out, doing them a favour (by releasing them) or paying their ransom. If they are shared out as part of the booty, they become slaves, subject to the laws governing products which may be sold. But at the same time, Islam urges the freeing of slaves and makes doing so an act of expiation for numerous sins. In principle, slavery is not something that is desirable; what is encouraged in Islam is the freeing of slaves. If a woman is enslaved according to sharee’ah, it is permissible for her master to have intercourse with her. This is unlike prostitution or zinaa, which Islam has forbidden as a precaution against mixing lineages and other reasons for which it is forbidden. There is no comparison between the two, because if a slave woman becomes pregnant, the child belongs to the master and she becomes free when he dies, because she has become the mother of the master’s child (umm walad), and is subject to the same rulings as a wife. And Allaah knows best. Continue reading

Ruling on having intercourse with a slave woman when one has a wife

Could you please clarify for me something that has been troubling me for a while. This concerns the right of a man to have sexual relations with slave girls. Is this so? If it is then is the man allowed to have relations with her as well his wife/wives. Also, is it true that a man can have sexual relations with any number of slave girls and with their own wife/wives also? I have read that Hazrat Ali had 17 slave girls and Hazrat Umar also had many. Surely if a man were allowed this freedom then this could lead to neglecting the wife’s needs. Could you also tell clarify wether the wife has got any say in this matter.

Praise be to Allaah.

Islam allows a man to have intercourse with his slave woman, whether he has a wife or wives or he is not married.

A slave woman with whom a man has intercourse is known as a sariyyah (concubine) from the word sirr, which means marriage.

This is indicated by the Qur’aan and Sunnah, and this was done by the Prophets. Ibraaheem (peace be upon him) took Haajar as a concubine and she bore him Ismaa’eel (may peace be upon them all).

Our Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) also did that, as did the Sahaabah, the righteous and the scholars. The scholars are unanimously agreed on that and it is not permissible for anyone to regard it as haraam or to forbid it. Whoever regards that as haraam is a sinner who is going against the consensus of the scholars.  Continue reading