Ruling on taking the Mushaf out of the mosque or replacing it with another

I am the imam of a mosque and in the mosque there are more than 250 copies of the Qur’aan, as in all mosques. As you know, most of them are not read and have stayed on the bookshelf for perhaps 20 years. Of course some of them have been put there by the Department of Awqaaf (Islamic endowments) and some have been put there by people or by the mosque committee. Some worshippers want to take a copy to read and some cannot afford to buy their own copy, and others say: Even if I could afford to buy a copy, how long will these copies stay in the mosques? Is it permissible for me to give some of these copies to them (especially if he takes a large copy and replaces it with a small one)?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Firstly:

If a Mushaf has been given as a waqf to a specific mosque, it is not permissible to take it out of the mosque to read it at home or replace it with another one.

The scholars of the Standing Committee (16/19) were asked: Is it permissible to take the Mushaf out of the Haram to read it at home?

They replied:

If Mushafs and books have been given as a waqf for people to benefit from in a specific place, it is not permissible to take them elsewhere, whether a Haram or somewhere else, unless the place where they were put is no longer in operation, in which case they should be moved to somewhere where they may be as beneficial or more so. End quote.

Standing Committee for Academic Research and Issuing Fatwas. Continue reading

Advertisements

Should the mosque be sold or demolished when the inhabitants leave?

We have a mosque in our location where we say our regular prayer including JUMMA prayer. Now we are leaving the complex and this complex is going to be handed over to another people who are non-muslims. Basically it is their complex. We have been here for our temporary duty for six years. Now after comletion of our duty we leaving it to them. So. what to do with the mosque? Should we break it down or keep it as it? As they are non-muslims، none is going to say prayer there unless Allah wishes otherwise. Again if we leave it as it is there is scope of misuse. Please advise us what to do with the mosque?.

Praise be to Allaah.

If the waqf is no longer of benefit and it is not possible to benefit from it, it is permissible to sell it according to the correct scholarly opinion, whether it is a mosque or anything else. If the people of the mosque are moving to another place and there will no longer be any one who could benefit from it, it is permissible to sell it and use the money to build another mosque.  Continue reading

Is it permissible for her to give money with the intention of zakaah on her own behalf and ongoing charity (sadaqah jaariyah) on behalf of her father?

My question is about ongoing charity. If my father – may Allah have mercy on him and all deceased Muslims – used to give his zakaah to some poor people, and I know who they are, is it permissible for me to give them the same amount of money with the intention that it is ongoing charity the reward of which will, by Allah’s leave, reach my father, on the basis that this money is also the zakaah of my wealth?.

Praise be to Allaah.

It is permissible to give charity on behalf of another person, whether it is ongoing charity or a one-time payment. Ongoing charity is a waqf, i.e., the basic wealth or property remains and its yield is used to benefit others, such as if a person gives a house as a waqf for poor people to live in or to benefit from its rent, or he donates Mushafs and books of Islamic knowledge, or he builds a mosque, or he digs a well from which people drink. This is what is meant by ongoing charity.  Continue reading

It is not permissible to dispose of wealth given as a waqf for the mosque by lending or borrowing

What is the ruling on borrowing or lending to someone money that belongs to the mosque, that was collected to spend on what the mosque needs?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Money that is collected to be spent on the mosques and what they need is money that is part of a waqf and it is not permissible for the one who is in charge of it to borrow any of it for himself or to lend any of it to anyone. He is entrusted with this money to spend it in the manner dictated by those who donated it, which in this case is what the mosque needs, and it is not permissible to dispose of it in any other way.  Continue reading

If the donor does not specify the amount of the waqf, what should be done?

If the person who is setting up a waqf says, “Take from this waqf and feed the poor” and he dies without having specified the amount of food, what should the supervisor do?.

Praise be to Allaah.

We put this question to Shaykh ‘Abd al-Rahmaan ibn Jibreen (may Allaah preserve him), who answered as follows:

He should look at what is customary (al-‘urf) and at the usage of the word ta’mah (feeding the poor) in those days. What was usually meant by it was to offer iftaar and dinner to fasting people, even if it was only three or five poor persons who were in need of iftaar after fasting.

And Allaah knows best. Continue reading

Rulings on locals taking some of the Mus-hafs that the state distributes to the pilgrims

The state distributes Mus-hafs to the pilgrims, but some locals take them and distribute them to their relatives and friends. What is the ruling on taking these Mus-hafs?.

Praise be to Allaah.

It is not permissible to take the Mus-hafs which are allocated for distribution to the pilgrims by the relevant department, because this is defeating the purpose, which is to supply the pilgrims with the Book of Allaah, because it may not be possible to obtain them at any other time, and because these Mus-hafs are a waqf which is to be distributed in the specified manner, and it is not permissible to divert the waqf in any way other than that which has been specified. And because you can obtain Mus-hafs from the Department which distributes them to locals. And Allaah is the source of strength. May Allaah send blessings and peace upon our prophet Muhammad and his family and Companions.  Continue reading

She gave her house as a waqf (Islamic endowment) before she died; do the heirs have any right to it?

A woman died leaving behind 4 daughters, 2 sisters, and a brother who has 6 sons and 6 daughters. She left a house but she endowed it for Allah before she died. Do the heirs have the right to consider it heritage and start dividing it?.

Praise be to Allaah.

If the deceased gave her house as a charitable waqf when she was in good health, then her heirs have no right to it, because it has become a waqf and it cannot be sold, given away or inherited. Al-Bukhaari (2737) and Muslim (1633) narrated from Ibn ‘Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him) that Umar was given a share of land in Khaybar, and he came to the Prophet (S) to consult him about it. He said: O Messenger of Allaah, I have been given a share of land at Khaybar and I have never been given any wealth that is more precious to me than it. What do you command me to do with it? He said: “If you wish, you can ‘freeze’ it and give it in charity.” So ‘Umar gave it in charity and stipulated that it was not to be sold, given as a gift or inherited, and he gave it in charity to the poor, relatives and slaves, for the sake of Allaah and for wayfarers and guests; there was no sin on the one appointed to look after it if he ate from it on a reasonable basis, and fed a friend without storing anything for the future. Continue reading

A donor has stipulated a haraam condition for a waqf; do we have to fulfil it?

We live at this moment in Europe, but I’m planning to return to my country Morocco as soon as I finish my studies. We own a house there, which actually belongs to my father. My father is very sick lately and is suffering cancer. He feels that his end is near, therefore he wants to do good deeds (sadaqa djariah). Our family always practiced sufism and a part of my family still does. My father believes that he would be doing well by letting people do dhikr in de sufi way at our home in Morocco. He wants me to promise him to keep those people coming there even when he dies.
 My question is: How can I convince my dad that those actions are bid’ah?
If he still doesn’t agree, can I break my promise and refuse those people into our house?

Praise be to Allaah.

Undoubtedly ongoing charity is one of the righteous good deeds that remain after a person dies, and its reward will continue to reach him whilst he is in the world of the dead. Hence Islam encourages such actions. It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “When a person dies, all his good deeds come to an end apart from three: ongoing charity, beneficial knowledge and a righteous child who will pray for him.”

Narrated by Muslim, 1631  Continue reading

He endowed a piece of land to build a mosque, then changed his mind

There is a rich person among us who donated some land to build a mosque, then someone came along and asked him to make it a school. What should he do?

Praise be to Allaah.

If the man has already donated the piece of land for building a mosque, then it should be used for that purpose, and he cannot go back on his donation. But if it is the case that all that has happened is a promise to donate land for a mosque, it is better for him to keep his promise. May Allaah bless our Prophet Muhammad and his family and companions. Continue reading

Ruling on a waqf that includes something that is wrong

A man asked me a question and told me that he has a relative who gave a piece of land as a waqf so that with the income generated by that waqf, meat is to be bought and meals offered in Rajab every year, and food is to be distributed to the poor during that month. He is the one who is taking care of this waqf, but he did not dispose of its income last year. He is asking about the ruling on this waqf, and if it is said that it is not permissible, what should be done with the income of the waqf each year?

Praise be to Allaah.

We say to the one who is looking after the waqf: buy meat with the income generated by the waqf and distribute it to the poor. Do not do this only in the month of Rajab; rather do it in any month, because if a waqf includes something that is wrong, it should be put into practice without that wrong thing. What is wrong here in this case is singling out the month of Rajab for slaughtering the meat. This is to be avoided, and the meat should be slaughtered in any month and distributed to the poor as stated in the waqf. And Allaah knows best. Continue reading