Is it permissible for them to register what the father owns in one of the sons’ names because their father’s wife wants to do that for herself?

My father is elderly and can no longer tell what’s right and what’s wrong. He has a wife who does not care about him, and Allah is witness to what I say. She is trying to get him to register in her name all that he owns and give her authority to buy and sell (on his behalf).
Can we change the ownership to the name of one of my brothers without planning to deprive her of the inheritance if he dies before us?.

Praise be to Allaah.

There is no guarantee for the rights of your father’s wife if you register his property in the name of one of your brothers; in fact there is no guarantee for the rights of the other siblings if the property is registered in the name of only one, as you want to do in this case. It is possible that this brother may take over the entire estate on the basis of this registration that you are asking for. In fact there have been many cases like this. Two wrongs do not make a right.

Just as you have rights with regard to your father’s property that you fear for, the wife also has rights with regard to her husband’s property that she fears for. Just as you fear that she may take over your father’s property, she fears the same thing from you.

The reality is that this solution offers no guarantees to anyone and it cannot be allowed.

But if you really fear the possibility of undue influence for your father and his condition does not let him distinguish between what is right and what is wrong, then the Islamically prescribed way of dealing with that is to get a court injunction that will prevent the carrying out of any of his instructions given during the period when he was incapacitated and there was the possibility of tampering or undue influence.

However we are aware that there are far-reaching social difficulties that may stand in the way of this solution, and there may also be legal difficulties in your country, so you can convince your father to divide his property now among all his heirs who are still alive and transfer ownership to them at the time when it is divided.

In this manner each party will be protected against tampering from the others.

And Allah knows best. Continue reading

Muslim woman accepting support and gifts from a non-Muslim father

Is it permissible for an adult Muslim daughter to accept financial support from her Christian father?
Is it advisable for her to arrange for her health insurance, given that her father intends to withdraw his financial support, if she does not do that, and given that health insurance is compulsory in the country in which she lives?
The daughter is a student.

Praise be to Allaah.

Firstly:

It is permissible for a Muslim woman to accept support and gifts from her non-Muslim father, so long as that will not result in her giving up anything of her religious commitment. The Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) accepted gifts from al-Muqawqas and the Negus (an-Najaashi), who were both Christians.  Continue reading

Hotel employee taking commission from taxi drivers for giving them passengers

I live in a non-Muslim country and have a Limousine license but Im not driving because in order to get a passenger from hotel you have to pay $10 to the booker meaning the person who gives you the passenger you have to give him/her certain percentage of the fare amount, that money you pay to the doorman is called ‘cookie’ in the limousine industry. Now I want to mention few things here that during my training for the limousine license I was told and taught that cookie is illegal and if you get caught you’ll be fined. Upon asking to my boss that why I have to pay $10 cookie to the doorman and I consider that a bribery and on top of that it is illegal where we are living. He replied that it is not bribery because it is pre-arranged with the hotel management and we already set the percentage that would be paid to the doorman(person who books the order) because his pay is too low. Now I want to assure you that it is not a tip nor it is a commission rather it is forced money what you have to pay to him. For your information my boss is Muslim too and have been in the business for about 5 years and claims that if it would be haraam why I would be doing it. My question to you is that:
1: What is the definition of rishwah or bribery in the light of Qura’n and Sunnah and
2: Does this fall under rishwah or not?
3: If that $10 which is called cookie in limousine industry I’m paying to the doorman to get a business, does that $10 make my entire earning haraam?
Please advise as I’m so confused with the situation.

Praise be to Allaah.

If this person who is arranging the bookings works in the hotel, and takes what he takes from the drivers with the knowledge of the hotel, and does not show favouritism to anyone, there is nothing wrong with that.  Continue reading

Pharmaceutical company offering bribes to doctors for fear that their products may not sell

I am a pharmacist working in one of the pharmaceutical companies as an advertising rep selling some of this company’s drugs. We give gifts to the doctors in the hospitals and private and public clinics, such as pens and watches on which is written the name of the product or the name of the distributing company. This is so that the doctor will prescribe this medicine or the medicines that we distribute to the patients. Most of the competing companies do that and do it to a great extent, such that we find ourselves forced to do it, otherwise our products will not sell. Hence patients fall victim to competition. What is the ruling on doing such things?.

Praise be to Allaah.

It is not permissible to do such things, and it is regarded as a bribe which is haraam, because it makes the employee limit himself to the company that has given him a gift and ignore the other companies. This is consuming people’s wealth unlawfully and harming others. What you must do is to avoid this and warn others against it, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) cursed the one who gives a bribe and the one who takes it. We ask Allaah to keep us safe and sound.

From Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah, 23/576

There is another wrongful action which the questioner refers to, which is:

This action may also harm the patient, as the doctor may prescribe this medicine to him, in the hope of getting a gift from the company that produces it, even though some other medicine may be more beneficial to the patient.

And Allaah knows best. Continue reading

Owner of a medical laboratory giving doctors some money so that they will send their patients to him

Is it permissible for the owner of a medical laboratory to make an agreement with some doctors so that they will send their patients to him in return for a payment for these tests?
Please note that this will not be paid for by the patients and that the charges for these tests will be the same as the charges in other labs.

Praise be to Allaah.

It is not permissible for the owner of the lab to give the doctor who sends a patient to him for testing a share of the money, because that is regarded as a kind of bribe, which is haraam.

And Allaah is the Source of strength. May Allaah send blessings and peace upon our Prophet Muhammad and his family and companions. Continue reading

It is not permissible for a doctor to accept gifts from pharmaceutical companies

We see intense competition among the different pharmaceutical companies whose representatives come and distribute gifts to doctors, such as pens on which the name of the medicine is written, or watches or recorders, etc, in return for the doctor prescribing this medication for patients. It should also be noted that there is a department in the company that is dedicated solely to advertising. 
Sometimes the company will give the doctor a specific gift in return for prescribing a specific amount of their drug, and sometimes they will give him a gift in return for his prescribing it without specifying any particular amount. And sometimes drugs are equally effective but they are produced by a number of companies with different brand names, so the doctor prescribes the brand of the representative who has visited him most recently and brought him a gift. 
Is advertising in this manner halaal or haraam, and what is the ruling on giving these gifts to doctors?.

Praise be to Allaah.

It is not permissible for a doctor to accept gifts from pharmaceutical companies, because that is a kind of bribe and is haraam, even if it is called a gift or any other name, for names do not change anything. And because these gifts may make him unfairly biased toward the company that has given him a gift and not any other, which causes harm to the other companies.  Continue reading

Is it permissible to give something extra to restaurant workers?

What is the ruling on giving something extra (tips) to a restaurant worker?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Shaykh ‘Abd al-Rahmaan al-Barraak was asked a similar question and he replied:

It is not permissible to give them this extra amount, because it is regarded as a bribe on your part to the worker, so that he will give you better service or better food than he gives to others who do not give him this extra amount. The worker does not have the right to single out anyone for better service, rather he should treat all the people equally well.

But if this extra amount is not like a bribe or favouritism, then there is nothing wrong with it in that case, such as if you intend it as an act of kindness to this poor and needy worker, and you do not intend to visit that restaurant frequently.

And Allaah knows best. Continue reading

Ruling on an employee taking a gift such as promotional item from another company

I am issuing orders for purchase of various items for our Institute. The decision was taken by a purchase commttee (ie which item & what rates and whom to be purchase) My work only to type the order & issue to the concern company. If any one give me gift in kinds like diary, calander, T-shirts etc. Is it is allowed (jayaj) to accept such items of gift. please clarify in details what is gift & what is bribe (Hindi/urdu word riswate).

Praise be to Allaah.

We put the following question to Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al’-Uthaymeen

Some companies give away promotional gifts to other companies with whom they have connections, and some of these promotional gifts may be of high value, such as watches, and some may be of lesser value, such as ordinary pens, diaries, calendars or t-shirts with the company logo. What is the ruling on such things? Continue reading

Turning a blind eye to excess baggage in an airline company, and accepting promotional gifts

I work for an airline company where I turn a blind eye to some passengers’ excess baggage so as to encourage them to travel with this airline. I do this in the company’s interests so that passengers will be attracted to travelling with them. So if a person’s luggage weighs more than twenty kilos, I do not charge them for it, to encourage them to give their custom to our company. I also receive promotional gifts from other companies.

Praise be to Allaah.

If your turning a blind eye to excess baggage is done with the knowledge and permission of the company, and the company considers it as a means of attracting passengers, then there is nothing wrong with it. But if it is an individual effort on your part and is done without their knowledge and permission, then you should not do it, because it is not up to you to turn a blind eye with regard to the rights of others. (This response was read to Shaykh Muhammad al-‘Uthaymeen and he agreed with it). Continue reading

Should he pay money in order to get a job?

Is it permissible to pay money in order to get a government job, especially if jobs cannot usually be found except by this method?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Firstly:

Government jobs are regarded as a right that is shared equally among all those who are qualified, based on their certificates and abilities. No preference should be shown to anyone except on the basis of his suitability. Those who are in charge of them should choose the most qualified and the best suited, without any favouritism or bribes.  Continue reading