Ruling on making a game engine and open source which will be used to make both permissible and haraam games

I want to work on an open source & free game engine will I get azab-e-jariah if people use it to create games involving things which are prohibited. Since its licensed under GPL I cannot control what people want to do with it. If yes then what if the features I code arent directly involved with creation of these (prohibited) things like image compostior, water refraction scripts etc. instead of modelling and animation tools.

Praise be to Allaah.

If this engine and open source will mostly be used to make permissible games, then it is permissible to make it.

If it will mostly be used for haraam things, it is not permissible.

This general principle applies to manufacturing and producing anything that may be used for either halaal or haraam purposes, when it is not known what each user will use it for. Attention should be paid to the way in which it is mostly used by people, because when it is not possible to know about each user, it is sufficient to know what is usually the case. If what is usually the case is that it is used for haraam purposes, it is not permissible to help with it, because of the prohibition on helping others in sin and transgression.

It says in Fataawa al-Lajnah ad-Daa’imah (13/109): Everything that will be used in a haraam manner or it is thought most likely that it will be used in that manner, it is haraam to manufacture it or import it or sell it or distribute it among the Muslims. End quote.

For more information please see question no. 2898, 98769 and 71170

And Allah knows best. Continue reading

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Is it permissible to sell autographs of famous people?

Is it halal to sell an autograph of a famous athlete?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Firstly:

In order for a sale to be valid, the fuqaha’ have stipulated that the sold item should be something beneficial. It something is of no benefit, it is not valid to sell it, because it has no value, as there is no benefit in it; his taking money for it comes under the heading of consuming wealth unlawfully.

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allah have mercy on him) said:

Selling that in which there is no benefit is not permissible.

End quote from Majmoo‘ al-Fataawa, 31/224

Ibn Qudaamah (may Allah have mercy on him) said in al-Mughni (4/174):

It is not permissible to sell that in which there is no benefit. End quote.

It says in al-Mawsoo‘ah al-Fiqhiyyah (29/148):

The fuqaha’ are of the view that it is permissible to sell birds whose flesh may be eaten, such as pigeons, small birds and so on, because there is some benefit in it. As for selling birds that are not eaten or used for hunting, such as Egyptian vultures, kites, ostriches and crows, that are not eaten, it is not permissible to sell them, because there is no benefit in them and they are of no value, so taking money for them comes under the heading of consuming wealth unlawfully and spending money on them is foolishness. End quote.

An-Nawawi (may Allah have mercy on him) said: Our companions said: It is permissible to sell books of hadeeth, fiqh, Arabic language, literature, permissible poetry that is of benefit, books of medicine and mathematics and so on, in which there is some permissible benefit. Our companions said: and it is not permissible to sell books of kufr because there is no permissible benefit in them; rather they must be destroyed. The same applies to books of astronomy, magic, philosophy and other kinds of forbidden and false knowledge, and selling them is invalid because there is no permissible benefit in them. End quote from al-Majmoo‘, 9/304

What is meant by value that is connected to the benefit is the monetary value of the sold item.  Continue reading

Ruling on working as a security guard for a building in which there is an insurance company

I work as a security in the city of London.The building that i work it belongs to a landlord, therefore this landlord rents the space of this building to any company that is wishing to rent the place.the landlord as an owner provides a management team for this building to run the building, and this includes electricians, maintenance, security and other people that are needed to run this building. Because of the area located most of the companies that rent the space of this building are insurance companies. is it allowed to work as a security guard for this building considering that the rent is being paid by the insurance companies, and my wages are being provided by this rent which is paid from the insurance companies even though i do not deal directly with the insurance companies?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Working in commercial insurance companies is haraam, even if the work is as a security guard, because that comes under the heading of cooperating in sin and transgression. Allah, may He be exalted, says (interpretation of the meaning):

“Help you one another in Al‑Birr and At‑Taqwa (virtue, righteousness and piety); but do not help one another in sin and transgression. And fear Allaah. Verily, Allaah is Severe in punishment”

[al-Maa’idah 5:2].

See also the answer to question no. 40336

With regard to working as a security guard for a building or marketplace in which there is an insurance company, what appears to be the case is that it is permissible, because the insurance company in this case is only part of the building, and the basic principle is that there may be overlooked with regard to that which is part of something that which may not be overlooked otherwise.

So it does not matter that part of your salary may come from the money that the building owner gets from the insurance company, because your salary is in return for your work, which is permissible, as stated above.

And Allah knows best. Continue reading

Ruling on selling iTunes and internet cards for more than their price

May Allah bless your efforts. What is the ruling on the cards with which you can buy apps and so on for the iPhone from the Appstore (the cards are called iTunes cards)?
These cards are sold for a lower or higher price than what is mentioned on the card. If the answer is that they are haraam, I hope you can explain the difference between them and the pre-paid cards sold by telecoms companies that you have said in a fatwa are permissible to sell for a lower or higher price than what is mentioned on the card …(fatwa no. 111995).

Praise be to Allaah.

It is permissible to sell iTunes cards for the same amount as is written on the card or for more or for less. It is also permissible to sell them for instalments to be paid at a later date, because they are not the same as cash in which it is stipulated that they should be of the same value and the exchange must be completed on the spot. Rather it comes under the heading of selling the benefit. There is no difference between them and phone cards or cards for internet access and the like in which there are some costs involved in producing the card that the purchaser buys, so these cards are for some benefits and there is some work and effort involved in producing them, so there is nothing wrong with selling them for more or less than the amount written on the card.

And Allah knows best. Continue reading

Beggars: to which should we can and which should we refrain from giving to?

There are a lot of beggars, especially children, and some of them resort to tricks so that they will be given money. For example, one of them may say that he is blind and cannot see, even though his eyes are in good health, and so on. How should I deal with them? Should I give them money or not? Please note that I do not know whether they are telling the truth or not, and I cannot be certain whether they really need the money or they are using tricks to collect money. If I help them when they are tricksters – but I do not know that – will I be sinning?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Firstly:

It is not permissible for anyone to ask people for money when he is not in need or he is able to earn a living. There are certain categories for whom it is permissible to ask of people. They are: the poor person who is destitute, the man who owes a debt, and the one who has been stricken by financial calamity and lost all his wealth. In these cases it is not permissible to ask for more than one needs, on condition that he does not have enough to meet his needs and is not able to earn enough for his livelihood. Continue reading

Working in a programming company whose clients include riba-based banks and companies that produce alcohol

I work in an international networking company that has clients in different countries. We operate private network equipment remotely from our own location. The problem is that their clients include companies that produce alcohol and riba-based banks. Is my work haraam? Does it make any difference if I do work with these clients occasionally or regularly? If it is haraam, do I have to avoid dealing with these kinds of clients or stop working in this place altogether?.

Praise be to Allaah.

It is not permissible to offer assistance or services or programming to riba-based banks or companies that produce alcohol, because that is helping in sin and transgression, and Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“Help you one another in Al‑Birr and At‑Taqwa (virtue, righteousness and piety); but do not help one another in sin and transgression. And fear Allaah. Verily, Allaah is Severe in punishment”

[al-Maa’idah 5:2].

The one who helps another to do evil or shows him the way to it is a partner in the sin and has failed to do what Allah has enjoined of denouncing and disavowing evil.

Thus you know that it is not permissible to contribute to maintenance or programming that has to do with these haraam companies, whether that is done regularly or rarely. If you know that a client has a company that does haraam things, it is not permissible to you to provide services to him.

There is nothing wrong with you remaining in your job if you can avoid participating in haraam work. But if you can find another job that is free of the things we have mentioned, then that is better.

See also the answer to questions no. 85441 and 102923

And Allah knows best. Continue reading

He won two movie tickets; is it permissible for him to give them to a non-Muslim?

My husband gets gifted with Movie Tickets from his Office on the basis of work performance. Alhamdullilah we do not watch Movies. Is it permissible for him to give it to his non-muslim collegues at work or should we just throw them away.

Praise be to Allaah.

We praise Allah for having enabled you to adhere to His laws and for having guided you to that which is in your best interests. As for movies, if they include haraam things such as showing women with adornments, music and alcohol, it is not permissible to watch them. That has been discussed previously in the answer to question no. 125535, 114707 and 85232

Just as it is not permissible for a Muslim to watch movies that include haraam things, it is not permissible for him to help other people to do so, even if the other person is a non-Muslim, because the minor issues of sharee‘ah are also addressed to the disbelievers, as we have explained in the answer to question no. 140550. So what is forbidden to the Muslim is also forbidden to the disbeliever, and he will be punished for that in addition to the punishment for disbelief (kufr).

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allah have mercy on him) said: It is not permissible for a man to help anyone else in disobeying Allah, even if that person does not believe that it is a sin, such as helping the disbelievers to acquire alcohol and pork. Continue reading

Is it permissible for them to register what the father owns in one of the sons’ names because their father’s wife wants to do that for herself?

My father is elderly and can no longer tell what’s right and what’s wrong. He has a wife who does not care about him, and Allah is witness to what I say. She is trying to get him to register in her name all that he owns and give her authority to buy and sell (on his behalf).
Can we change the ownership to the name of one of my brothers without planning to deprive her of the inheritance if he dies before us?.

Praise be to Allaah.

There is no guarantee for the rights of your father’s wife if you register his property in the name of one of your brothers; in fact there is no guarantee for the rights of the other siblings if the property is registered in the name of only one, as you want to do in this case. It is possible that this brother may take over the entire estate on the basis of this registration that you are asking for. In fact there have been many cases like this. Two wrongs do not make a right.

Just as you have rights with regard to your father’s property that you fear for, the wife also has rights with regard to her husband’s property that she fears for. Just as you fear that she may take over your father’s property, she fears the same thing from you.

The reality is that this solution offers no guarantees to anyone and it cannot be allowed.

But if you really fear the possibility of undue influence for your father and his condition does not let him distinguish between what is right and what is wrong, then the Islamically prescribed way of dealing with that is to get a court injunction that will prevent the carrying out of any of his instructions given during the period when he was incapacitated and there was the possibility of tampering or undue influence.

However we are aware that there are far-reaching social difficulties that may stand in the way of this solution, and there may also be legal difficulties in your country, so you can convince your father to divide his property now among all his heirs who are still alive and transfer ownership to them at the time when it is divided.

In this manner each party will be protected against tampering from the others.

And Allah knows best. Continue reading

He wants to share out his money between his two young daughters because he fears that his heirs will be unjust to them

I took early retirement, then I received some money from the company I used to work for. This money was put into investment certificates that bring a monthly return, which covers household expenses. I have a wife and two small daughters who are in the early grades at school, and they have a long way ahead of them to finish their education, get married and so on. Is it permissible to distribute these certificates so that they will remain in their (the girls’) names so that they will not be harmed after I die? I have many brothers and sisters, and no mother or father, and I fear that their (my daughters’) rights will be transgressed.

Praise be to Allaah.

It is permissible for the father to share out whatever he wants of his wealth between his daughters and transfer it to their ownership. This comes under the heading of giving gifts. But he does not have the right to share out all of his wealth with the aim of depriving the rest of his heirs. This has been discussed in the answer to question no. 132928

In Fataawa al-Lajnah ad-Daa’imah (16/484) it says: Praise be to Allah, my Lord has blessed me with four daughters, aged 10, 8, 5 and 3 years, and a wife. I have a sister who is married, and she has children. I own a building comprised of four apartments. I have written a sale contract between me and my wife for one third of the value of the building, and I wrote another sale contract between me and my wife so that she can buy the second third for my daughters. So the first third is for my wife and the second third is for my daughters, and I have left the last third. Of course I tell you frankly that I have not received any money; the purpose behind that is so that no one will dispute with them concerning their inheritance, because they are girls (i.e., weak offspring). What is the ruling on that? Please advise me, may Allah reward you with good.

Answer: it is not permissible for a man to draw up a contract to transfer his wealth in order to deprive some of the heirs. Allah, may He be glorified and exalted, is watching each individual and sees his intention and aims. We warn you against doing something for which you may be punished. And Allah is the source of strength. May Allah send blessings and peace upon our Prophet Muhammad and his family and companions.

Bakr Abu Zayd, ‘Abd al-‘Azeez Aal ash-Shaykh, Saalih al-Fawzaan, ‘Abdullah ibn Ghadyaan, ‘Abd al-‘Azeez ibn ‘Abdullah ibn Baaz. Continue reading