Can a woman pray naafil when the iqaamah for prayer has been given?

Is it permissible for a woman to offer a regular Sunnah prayer before an obligatory prayer, such as the Sunnah prayer before Zuhr, when the iqaamah (call immediately preceding the congregational prayer) has been given?
A woman is not obliged to offer the prayer in congregation like a man, such that she would have to stop or delay the Sunnah prayer that is offered before the obligatory prayer and offer it after the obligatory prayer in order to catch up with the congregational prayer.

Praise be to Allaah.

Muslim (710) narrated from Abu Hurayrah that the Prophet |(blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “When the iqaamah for prayer is given, there is no prayer except the prescribed prayer.” This applies to the one to whom the command to pray in congregation is addressed or to the one who is present in the mosque when the iqaamah for prayer has been given. With regard to the woman who is in her house or a man who is excused for not attending prayers in congregation, they are not addressed in this hadeeth, so they may offer the naafil prayer even when they can hear the iqaamah from the mosques.

The same applies to a man if he wants to pray in a mosque other than the one in which the iqaamah has been given; he may offer the naafil prayer in his house.

It says in Kashshaaf al-Qinaa‘ (1/460): If the iqaamah has been given, i.e., the muezzin has started to give the iqaamah for the prayer the he wants to offer behind the imam (then he should not do any naafil prayer), otherwise he may do so, such as if the iqaamah is given in a mosque in which he does not intend to pray. This was stated in al-Furoo‘. To sum up, there should be no prayer except the prescribed prayer (after the iqaamah has been given), so he should not start any naafil prayer or any regular Sunnah prayer, before Fajr or otherwise, in the mosque or elsewhere, or even in his house, because the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “When the iqaamah for prayer is given, there is no prayer except the prescribed prayer.” End quote.

For more information see the answer to question no. 33582

And Allah knows best. Continue reading

What is it permissible to do of naafil prayers at times when prayer is makrooh?

What are the times when it is makrooh to pray, and what Sunnah prayers may one pray at times when prayer is makrooh?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Firstly:

The times when (voluntary or naafil) prayer is not allowed are basically three, and five ‘when explained in detail. They are:

·        From dawn until sunrise

·        From sunrise until the sun has risen to the height of a spear, which is approximately as twelve minutes, but to be on the safe side we make it a quarter of an hour.

·        When the sun is high at noon, until it passes the zenith.

·        From ‘Asr prayer until sunset.

·        When the sun begins to set until it is fully set.

In brief, the times are:

·        From dawn until the sun has risen to the height of a spear

·        When high at noon, until it has passed the zenith

·        From ‘Asr prayer until the sun has fully set.  Continue reading

There is nothing wrong with reading the du‘aa’ of istikhaarah from a piece of paper

Is it essential in du‘aa’ al- istikhaarah to recite it from memory? If a person cannot memorise it, is it acceptable for him to read it from a piece of paper?.

Praise be to Allaah.

In du‘aa’ al- istikhaarah it is not essential to recite it by heart; if one reads it from a piece of paper, that is acceptable, because what matters here is the du‘aa’, and (the one who reads it from a piece of paper) has said it. The majority of scholars regard it as permissible to read Qur’aan from the Mushaf when praying, which is more serious than reciting du‘aa’ after the prayer. See the answer to question no. 65924. But if one is able to memorise it by heart, that is preferable.

It says in al-Mawsoo‘ah al-Fiqhiyyah (33/57): The Shaafa‘is and Hanbalis are of the view that it is permissible to recite from the Mushaf when praying. Ahmad said: There is nothing wrong with leading the people in praying qiyaam whilst looking at the Mushaf. It was said to him: What about the obligatory prayer? He said: I did not hear anything about it. az-Zuhri was asked about a man who recites in Ramadan from the Mushaf. He said: The best of us used to recite from the Mushaf. End quote.  Continue reading

Can one pray istikhaarah with just one rak‘ah?

Can one pray istikhaarah with just one rak‘ah?.

Praise be to Allaah.

What appears to be the case is that the Sunnah of istikhaarah cannot be done by praying just one rak‘ah, because of the report narrated by Jaabir ibn ‘Abdullah (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to teach his companions to make istikhaarah in all things, just as he used to teach them soorahs from the Qur’aan. He said: ‘If any one of you is concerned about a decision he has to make, then let him pray two rak‘ahs of non-obligatory prayer…

Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 1166.  Continue reading

When should the du‘aa’ be offered in salaat al-istikhaarah?

When a Muslim prays salaat al-istikhaarah, should he recite the du‘aa’ of istikhaarah after the tashahhud and before finishing the prayer, or after saying the tasleem at the end of the prayer?.

Praise be to Allaah.

What is prescribed with regard to du‘aa’ al-istikhaarah is that it should be said after finishing the prayer. This is the view of the majority of scholars.

It says in al-Mawsoo‘ah al-Fiqhiyyah (3/245): The Hanafis, Maalikis, Shaafa‘is and Hanbalis said: The du‘aa’ should come immediately after the prayer. This is in accordance with what is mentioned in the text of the hadeeth from the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him). End quote.  Continue reading

Is it prescribed to pray istikhaarah concerning divorce?

Is it permissible to pray istikhaarah concerning the issue of divorce?.

Praise be to Allaah.

It is prescribed to pray istikhaarah concerning permissible matters or when choosing between mustahabb matters. With regard to things that are obligatory, mustahabb, haraam or makrooh, it is not prescribed to pray istikhaarah concerning them.

It says in al-Mawsoo‘ah al-Fiqhiyyah, 3/243: There is no room for istikhaarah with regard to matters that are obligatory, haraam or makrooh. Rather it applies to things that are recommended and permissible. And with regard to recommended matters, istikhaarah should not be done to decide whether to do them or not, because they are required. Rather it should be done when there is a conflict, i.e., when there are two conflicting matters and one does not know which one to start with or limit himself to. With regard to permissible matters, one may pray istikhaarah when deciding whether to do them at all. End quote.  Continue reading

He says takbeer for Taraweeh sitting, then he gets up during the recitation

In the blessed month of Ramadan I go to pray ‘Isha’ and Taraweeh with one of the famous reciters, who recites for a long time in Taraweeh prayers. Between each two rak‘ahs I sit down for a while to rest.
My question is: is it permissible for me to say the opening takbeer (takbeerat al-ihraam) with the imam when I am sitting in the row, so that I will not miss the opening takbeer with the imam, and after he has recited some Qur’aan to stand up?.

Praise be to Allaah.

It is permissible to sit in a naafil prayer with no excuse according to scholarly consensus, but in that case the reward of one who sits will be half that of one who stands, because of the report narrated by Muslim (1214) from ‘Abd-Allah ibn ‘Amr who said: I was told that the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “A man’s prayer sitting is half a prayer.”

He said: I came to him and found him praying sitting down. I put my hand on his head and he said: “What is the matter with you, O ‘Abd-Allah ibn ‘Amr?”

I said: O Messenger of Allah, I was told that you said: “A man’s prayer sitting is half a prayer,” but you are praying sitting down? He said: “Yes, but I am not like one of you.”

If he prays sitting down because of an excuse, he will have the reward of one who prays standing.  Continue reading

If a person prays some of Taraweeh with the imam then prays Witr and leaves, will it be recorded for him as having prayed qiyaam al-layl?

In the mosque in the neighbourhood where I live, twenty rak‘ahs of Taraweeh are offered, as well as two rak‘ahs of al-shaf‘ and Witr. Now, as ‘Isha’ prayer will be held very late, we were thinking of praying Witr for those who want to leave the prayer early, and on that basis this group will pray the two rak‘ahs of al-shaf‘ and Witr with the qaari’, then they will leave, and the qaari’ will stay and complete the remaining rak‘ahs. Is it permissible to do that? Will those who are going to pray ten rak‘ahs with the (one) rak‘ah of Witr and then leave take the same reward as those who pray behind the other imam and pray twenty-three rak‘ahs in all? I hope you can advise us about this issue because we are thinking of implementing it starting next Ramadan, in sha Allah. May Allah reward you with good for this advice.

Praise be to Allaah.

Firstly:

It is proven from the Messenger (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) that he encouraged praying Taraweeh in congregation and he said: “Whoever stays with the imam until he leaves, (the reward of) qiyaam al-layl will be written for him.”

Narrated and classed as saheeh by al-Tirmidhi (806); also narrated by Abu Dawood (1375), al-Nasaa’i (1605), and Ibn Maajah (1327). Also classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi.

This reward will not be attained by anyone but the one who prays with the imam until he has finished all the prayers. The one who only prays some of the prayer and then leaves is not entitled to the reward promised in this hadeeth, which is that of spending a night in prayer (qiyaam laylah).  Continue reading

Ruling on Salaat ul Taraaweeh for Women

Is taraaweeh prayer required for women?

Which is better for women, to perform Taraaweeh at home or in a mosque?

Praise be to Allaah.

Taraaweeh prayer is not obligatory for women, and it is still better for them to perform the Night Prayer at home, because the Prophet SAWS (Peace & Blessings of Allah be upon Him) said:
“Do not prevent your women from going to the mosque, even though their houses are better for them.” (Reported by Abu Dawud in al-Sunan, Baab maa jaa’a fee khurooj al-nisaa’ ilaa’l-masjid: Baab al-tashdeed fee dhaalik. See also Saheeh al-Jaami’, no. 7458) .

Whenever a woman prays in a place that is more private and more hidden, that is better for her, as the Prophet SAWS (Peace & Blessings of Allah be upon Him) said: “A woman’s prayer in her house is better than her prayer in her courtyard, and her prayer in her bedroom is better than her prayer in her house.” (Reported by Abu Dawud in al-Sunan, Baab maa jaa’a fee khurooj al-nisaa’ ilaa’l-masjid. See also Saheeh al-Jaami’, no. 3833).

Umm Humayd, the wife of Abu Humayd al-Saa’idi reported that she came to the Prophet SAWS (Peace & Blessings of Allah be upon Him) and said: “O Messenger of Allaah, I love to pray with you.” He said: “I know that you love to pray with me, but praying in your house is better for you than praying in your courtyard, and praying in your courtyard is better for you than praying in the mosque of your people, and praying in the mosque of your people is better for you than praying in my mosque.” So she ordered that a prayer-place be built for her in the furthest and darkest part of her house, and she always prayed there until she met Allaah (i.e., until she died). (Reported by Imaam Ahmad; the men of its isnaad are thiqaat (trustworthy) ).

But the fact that praying at home is preferable does not mean that that women are not permitted to go to the mosque, as is clear from the following hadeeth:
From ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar, who said: “I heard the Messenger of Allaah SAWS (Peace & Blessings of Allah be upon Him) say: ‘Do not prevent your women from going to the mosque if they ask your permission.'” Bilaal ibn ‘Abdullah said, “By Allaah, we will prevent them.” (Ibn ‘Umar) turned to him and told him off in an unprecedented fashion, saying: “I tell you what the Messenger of Allaah SAWS (Peace & Blessings of Allah be upon Him) said, and you say ‘By Allaah, we will prevent them’!!” (reported by Muslim, 667). Continue reading

Always reciting Qunoot in Witr every night

What is the ruling on reciting the du’aa’ of Qunoot every night after Witr?.

Praise be to Allaah.

There is nothing wrong with that. The du’aa’ of Qunoot is Sunnah and the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) used to recite Qunoot. He taught Qunoot and the words of Qunoot in Witr to al-Hasan, so it is Sunnah. If you recite it every night, there is nothing wrong with that, and if you omit it on some occasions so that the people will know that it is not obligatory, there is nothing wrong with that either. If the imam omits Qunoot on some occasions so that the people will know that is not obligatory, there is nothing wrong with that. When the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) taught al-Hasan Qunoot, he did not tell him to omit it on some days. This indicates that if he does it persistently, there is nothing wrong with that.

Shaykh ‘Abd al-‘Azeez ibn Baaz (may Allah have mercy on him). Continue reading