Sneezing During Friday Sermon

What should a person do if he sneezes during the Jumu‘ah khutbah (sermon)? Should he say “al-hamdu Lillah”?.

Praise be to Allaah.

If a person who is listening to the khutbah (sermon) on Friday sneezes, he should say “al-hamdu Lillah (praise be to Allah)” quietly to himself. If anyone hears him, it is not permissible for him to say to him “Yarhamuk Allah (may Allah have mercy on you)”.

It says in al-Mudawwanah (1/230): Maalik said concerning someone who sneezes when the imam is delivering the khutbah that he should say “al-hamdu Lillah” quietly to himself. No one should say “Yarhamuk Allah” to the one who sneezed when the imam is delivering the khutbah.

End quote.

Al-Mirdaawi (may Allah have mercy on him) said: It is permissible for him to say Ameen to the du‘aa’ and to say “al-hamdulillah” silently if he sneezes. End quote from al-Insaaf, 2/418

Shaykh Ibn Baaz (may Allah have mercy on him) said: If he sneezes, he has to praise Allah (say “al-hamdu Lillah”) to himself and not raise his voice.

End quote from Majmoo‘ al-Fataawa, 12/411

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allah have mercy on him) said: If a member of the congregation sneezes on Friday, he should say “al-hamdulillah” silently. If he says it out loud and the people around him hear him, it is not permissible for them to say “Yarhamuk Allah” to him.

End quote from ash-Sharh al-Mumti‘, 5/109

And Allah knows best. Continue reading

Is it prescribed to pray when an earthquake happens or there are strong winds?

If there is an earthquake or other signs in some land, is it prescribed for its people to pray ?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Yes, it is mustahabb to pray when one of these signs happens, such as eclipses, earthquakes, violent storms, persistent and frightening winds, and destructive floods, because it is narrated in a saheeh report from Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allah be pleased with him) that he prayed when an earthquake struck Basra, offering a prayer like the eclipse prayer. Then he said: This is how prayers should be offered at the time of these signs.

Narrated by Ibn Abi Shaybah, 2/472; ‘Abd ar-Razzaaq, 3/101; al-Bayhaqi in as-Sunan al-Kubra, 3/343. And he said: This is proven from Ibn ‘Abbaas. End quote. Classed as saheeh by al-Haafiz in Fath al-Baari, 2/521  Continue reading

Why is Friday singled out for great importance?

I want to know why Friday Prayer is important and Different then other ?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Firstly:

Allah, may He be glorified and exalted, chose Friday to be the best of days before Him, and He singled it out for major events and great qualities, which are the reason why Muslims are obliged to venerate this day and take it as one of their Eids or festivals in which Allah has prescribed rituals that He has not prescribed for other days.  Continue reading

Format of takbeer on the two Eids

In Eid prayer for Eid al-Adha, I hear people repeat Takbeer (saying “Allah Akbar” in Arabic) the following phrases:
Allaahu akbar, Allaahu akbar, Allaahu akbar, laa ilaaha ill-Allaah, Allaahu akbar, Allaahu akbar, Allaahu akbar, wa Lillaahi’l-hamd. Allaah akbar kabeera, walhamdulillaah katheera, wasubhan Allaahi bukratan waaseela, Laa ilaaha ill-Allaah wahdahu fulfilled his promise wa nasara ‘abdah wa a’az jundah wa hazama al-ahzaaba wahdah Laa ilaaha ill-Allaah wa la na’budu ila Iyah mukhliseena lahu’l-deena wa law kariha’l-kaafiroon). They repeat this after each prayer (from the daily 5 prayers), is that true? If wrong, what is the correct phrases to be repeated instead?.

Praise be to Allaah.

With regard to the format of takbeer: “Allaahu akbar, Allaahu akbar, Allahu akbar laa ilaaha ill-Allaah, wa Allaahu akbar, Allaah akbar, wa Lillaah il-hamd (Allaah is Most Great, Allaah is most Great, Allah is most Great there is no god but Allaah, Allaah is Most great, Allaah is most great, and to Allaah be praise),” this is proven from Ibn Mas‘ood (may Allah be pleased with him) and others of the early generation, whether the first takbeer is said twice or three times.

See al-Musannaf by Abu Shaybah, 2/165-168; Irwa’ al-Ghaleel, 3/125

With regard to the format of takbeer, “Allaahu akbaru kabeera wa alhamdu Lillaahi katheera wa subhaan Allaahi bukratan wa aseela… (There is no god but Allaah, Allaah is most Great, Allaah is most Great, much praise be to Allaah and glory be to Allaah at the beginning and end of the day…),” Imam al-Shaafa‘i (may Allah have mercy on him) said:

If he adds to that and says: “Allaahu akbaru kabeera wa alhamdu Lillaahi katheera wa subhaan Allaahi bukratan wa aseela, Allahu akbar wa la na‘budu illa Allah mukhliseena lahu al-deena wa law kariha al-kaafiroon, la ilaaha ill-Allah wahdah, sadaqa wa‘dah wa nasara ‘abdah wa hazama al-ahzaaba wahdah, laa ilaaha ill-Allah wa Allahu akbar (Allaah is most Great, much praise be to Allaah and glory be to Allaah at the beginning and end of the day. Allah is most Great and we worship none but Allah, and we make our worship purely for Him (alone) however much the disbelievers may hate that. There is no god but Allah alone; He fulfilled His promise and granted victory to His slave and defeated the Confederates alone. There is no God but Allah and Allah is most Great),” then he has done well. End quote.  Continue reading

If an eclipse is a natural phenomenon, then why should we feel scared and pray?

It is now known that eclipse is nothing but a normal process that occurs after a regular interval (that can be known) of the moon coming between the sun & the earth. Then why was it that Holy Prophet(pbuh) used to pray at that time, though it didn’t cause any danger!?

Praise be to Allaah.

When the sun was eclipsed at the time of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), he commanded someone to call out “al-salaatu jaami’ah (prayer is about to begin)”, and he led the people in prayer. Then he addressed them and explained to them the reason for the eclipse, and declared their jaahili beliefs to be null and void. He explained to them what they should do, such as praying and making du’aa’ and giving in charity. He (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The sun and the moon are two of the signs of Allaah; they do not become eclipsed for the death or life of anyone. If you see that then call upon Allaah and magnify Him, and pray, and give in charity.” The Muslims did not know when an eclipse would happen, but when it did happen, they would hasten to do what Allaah had prescribed, such as praying etc.

 When an eclipse happened, they would be afraid that is was a warning of impending disaster, so they would turn to Allaah and pray to Him to ward off that which they feared. When astronomy and the calculations of the movements of the sun and moon became well known in later times, and it became known that the experts could know when an eclipse was likely to happen, the scholars (‘ulamaa’) pointed out that this did not change the ruling, and that the Muslims still had to do what they were commanded to do at the time of an eclipse, even if they knew about it in advance.  But it is not prescribed to concern ourselves with the matter of predicting eclipses, because that is not what Allaah and His Messenger commanded us to do. The scholars also explained that an eclipse may be a sign or a cause of something bad happening to people. When the questioner says that eclipses do not cause hrm, she is speaking without knowledge and objecting to the sharee’ah of Allaah. People do not necessarily know of the events which Allaah causes to happen at the time of an eclipse, and some people may know about that whilst others do not. It could be that because of the Muslims’ prayers, Allaah wards off bad things which are known only to Him. The Muslim must submit to the ruling of Allaah and act in accordance with His sharee’ah, and have faith in His wisdom, because He is the All-Knowing, All-Wise, may He be glorified and exalted.

(Written by Shaykh ‘Abd al-Rahmaan al-Barraak). Continue reading

The eclipse prayer is prescribed when one sees an eclipse, not when one hears news of an eclipse from the astronomers

Should we offer the eclipse prayer (salaat al-kusoof) based on the announcements of astronomers published in the newspaper? If the eclipse takes place in another country should we pray the eclipse prayer or is it necessary to see the eclipse with the naked eye?.

Praise be to Allaah.

There are saheeh ahaadeeth according to which the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) enjoined offering the eclipse prayer and reciting dhikr and du’aa’s when the Muslims see an eclipse of the sun or the moon. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The sun and the moon are two of the signs of Allaah and they do not become eclipsed for the death or birth of anyone. But Allaah sends them to make His slaves fear (Him), so if you see that, then pray and make du’aa’ until it is over.” According to another version he said: “So if you see that, then hasten to remember Allaah and call upon Him and seek His forgiveness.” So he (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) connected the command to pray, make du’aa’, remember Allaah and pray for forgiveness to actual sighting of the eclipse and not to the reports of the astronomers.

What all the Muslims must do is adhere to the Sunnah and act in accordance with it, and to beware of everything that is contrary to it.

Hence we know that those who offer the eclipse prayer on the basis of astronomers’ reports are making a mistake and going against the Sunnah.  Continue reading

catch up with the eclipse prayer in the second rukoo’ of the first rak’ah

If I catch up with the eclipse prayer in the second rukoo’ of the first rak’ah, what should I do?

Praise be to Allaah.

The rak’ah will count in Salaat al-Kusoof if you catch up with the first rukoo’. Based on what you say in your question, you caught up with the second rak’ah only, so after the imaam says the salaam, you have to do a whole rak’ah with its two recitations, two rak’ahs and two sujoods.

(See the description of Salaat al-Kusoof, Question#6111). Continue reading

The call to the eclipse prayer should be made by saying “Al-Salaatu jaami’ah”

It is narrated that the call to the eclipse prayer should be made by saying “Al-Salaatu jaami’ah”. Should this be said once, or is it prescribed that it should be repeated? How often should it be repeated? Please advise us, may Allaah reward you.

Praise be to Allaah.

It was reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) gave orders that the call to the eclipse prayer should be made by saying “Al-Salaatu jaami’ah”. This was narrated by al-Bukhaari and Muslim.  The Sunnah is for the caller to repeat that until he thinks that the people have heard; there is no set limit for that as far as we know. And Allaah is the Source of strength. Continue reading

He missed Fajr prayer and found the congregation offering the eclipse prayer

If a man comes late for Fajr prayer, can he join the imam whilst he is offering the eclipse prayer?.

Praise be to Allaah.

If he knows that he is offering the eclipse prayer, then he should not join him, because of the difference in nature between the two prayers. Although the eclipse prayer is two rak’ahs, each rak’ah includes two bowings, two standings and two recitations. So whoever does not realize that the imam is offering the eclipse prayers and join the imam with the intention of praying Fajr should form the intention of praying separately from the imam when he realizes that the imam is offering the eclipse prayer. Then he should complete his prayer as Fajr and then if he wants he may join the imam for whatever is left of the eclipse prayer.

And Allaah is the Source of strength. Continue reading

Eclipse prayer after dawn

We went out to pray Fajr prayer last Thursday, the fourteenth of Ramadaan, and we saw that the moon was eclipsed. What should we have done?.

Praise be to Allaah.

The sun and moon are two of the signs of Allaah. By means of lunar and solar eclipses, Allaah reminds His slaves of the Day of Resurrection, the Day on which their light will disappear. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“So, when the sight shall be dazed.

8. And the moon will be eclipsed.

9. And the sun and moon will be joined together (by going one into the other or folded up or deprived of their light)”

[al-Qiyaamah 75:7-9]

So by means of this sign Allaah reminds us of that Day. See also question no. 5901. And the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) hastened to pray when that happened.

When you saw the eclipse when you were going out for Fajr prayer, you had the choice of starting with the eclipse prayer, as suggested by some scholars, because of the command narrated from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) to hasten to do that. But if you started with Fajr first, this is also good because the obligatory prayer should come first. This may also serve an interest, especially since the eclipse could not be seen except at the time of the iqaamah, so it may have been too difficult for the people, especially those who had stayed up at night during the blessed month, if the imam had started with the eclipse prayer. So he started with Fajr prayer, to enable those who wanted to leave to do so, as that would be easier for the people; this is also less likely to cause confusion, especially for those who had come for Fajr and did not know that the imam was going to offer the eclipse prayer. Continue reading